DNA methylation and gene expression dynamics during spermatogonial stem cell differentiation in the early postnatal mouse testis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2015-12

AUTHORS

Naoki Kubo, Hidehiro Toh, Kenjiro Shirane, Takayuki Shirakawa, Hisato Kobayashi, Tetsuya Sato, Hidetoshi Sone, Yasuyuki Sato, Shin-ichi Tomizawa, Yoshinori Tsurusaki, Hiroki Shibata, Hirotomo Saitsu, Yutaka Suzuki, Naomichi Matsumoto, Mikita Suyama, Tomohiro Kono, Kazuyuki Ohbo, Hiroyuki Sasaki

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In the male germline, neonatal prospermatogonia give rise to spermatogonia, which include stem cell population (undifferentiated spermatogonia) that supports continuous spermatogenesis in adults. Although the levels of DNA methyltransferases change dynamically in the neonatal and early postnatal male germ cells, detailed genome-wide DNA methylation profiles of these cells during the stem cell formation and differentiation have not been reported. RESULTS: To understand the regulation of spermatogonial stem cell formation and differentiation, we examined the DNA methylation and gene expression dynamics of male mouse germ cells at the critical stages: neonatal prospermatogonia, and early postntal (day 7) undifferentiated and differentiating spermatogonia. We found large partially methylated domains similar to those found in cancer cells and placenta in all these germ cells, and high levels of non-CG methylation and 5-hydroxymethylcytosines in neonatal prospermatogonia. Although the global CG methylation levels were stable in early postnatal male germ cells, and despite the reported scarcity of differential methylation in the adult spermatogonial stem cells, we identified many regions showing stage-specific differential methylation in and around genes important for stem cell function and spermatogenesis. These regions contained binding sites for specific transcription factors including the SOX family members. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show a distinctive and dynamic regulation of DNA methylation during spermatogonial stem cell formation and differentiation in the neonatal and early postnatal testes. Furthermore, we revealed a unique accumulation and distribution of non-CG methylation and 5hmC marks in neonatal prospermatogonia. These findings contrast with the reported scarcity of differential methylation in adult spermatogonial stem cell differentiation and represent a unique phase of male germ cell development. More... »

PAGES

624

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12864-015-1833-5

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12864-015-1833-5

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028836371

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26290333


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