A genome-wide detection of selection signatures in conserved and commercial pig breeds maintained in Poland View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-10-22

AUTHORS

Artur Gurgul, Igor Jasielczuk, Katarzyna Ropka-Molik, Ewelina Semik-Gurgul, Klaudia Pawlina-Tyszko, Tomasz Szmatoła, Magdalena Szyndler-Nędza, Monika Bugno-Poniewierska, Tadeusz Blicharski, Karolina Szulc, Ewa Skrzypczak, Jędrzej Krupiński

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Identification of selection signatures can provide a direct insight into the mechanism of artificial selection and allow further disclosure of the candidate genes related to the animals' phenotypic variation. Domestication and subsequent long-time selection have resulted in extensive phenotypic changes in domestic pigs, involving a number of traits, like behavior, body composition, disease resistance, reproduction and coat color. In this study, based on genotypes obtained from PorcineSNP60 Illumina assay we attempt to detect both diversifying and within-breed selection signatures in 530 pigs belonging to four breeds: Polish Landrace, Puławska, Złotnicka White and Złotnicka Spotted, of which the last three are a subject of conservative breeding and substantially represent the native populations. RESULTS: A two largely complementary statistical methods were used for signatures detection, including: pairwise FST and relative extended haplotype homozygosity (REHH) test. Breed-specific diversifying selection signals included several genes involved in processes connected with fertility, growth and metabolism which are potentially responsible for different phenotypes of the studied breeds. The diversifying selection signals also comprised PPARD gene that was previously found to have a large effect on the shape of the external ear in pigs or two genes encoding neuropeptide Y receptors (Y2 and Y5) involved in fat deposition and stress response which are important features differentiating the studied breeds. REHH statistics allowed detecting several within-breed selection signatures overlapping with genes connected with a range of functions including, among others: metabolic pathways, immune system response or implantation and development of the embryo. CONCLUSIONS: The study provides many potential candidate genes with implication for traits selected in the individual breeds and gives strong basis for further studies aiming at identification of sources of variation among the studied pig breeds. More... »

PAGES

95

References to SciGraph publications

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    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12863-018-0681-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12863-018-0681-0

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107775889

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30348079


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