Decrease of gene expression diversity during domestication of animals and plants View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2019-12

AUTHORS

Wei Liu, Lei Chen, Shilai Zhang, Fengyi Hu, Zheng Wang, Jun Lyu, Bao Wang, Hui Xiang, Ruoping Zhao, Zhixi Tian, Song Ge, Wen Wang

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The genetic mechanisms underlying the domestication of animals and plants have been of great interest to biologists since Darwin. To date, little is known about the global pattern of gene expression changes during domestication. RESULTS: We generated and collected transcriptome data for seven pairs of domestic animals and plants including dog, silkworm, chicken, rice, cotton, soybean and maize and their wild progenitors and compared the expression profiles between the domestic and wild species. Intriguingly, although the number of expressed genes varied little, the domestic species generally exhibited lower gene expression diversity than did the wild species, and this lower diversity was observed for both domestic plants and different kinds of domestic animals including insect, bird and mammal in the whole-genome gene set (WGGS), candidate selected gene set (CSGS) and non-CSGS, with CSGS exhibiting a higher degree of decreased expression diversity. Moreover, different from previous reports which found 2 to 4% of genes were selected by human, we identified 6892 candidate selected genes accounting for 7.57% of the whole-genome genes in rice and revealed that fewer than 8% of the whole-genome genes had been affected by domestication. CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that domestication affected the pattern of variation in gene expression throughout the genome and generally decreased the expression diversity across species, and this decrease may have been associated with decreased genetic diversity. This pattern might have profound effects on the phenotypic and physiological changes of domestic animals and plants and provide insights into the genetic mechanisms at the transcriptome level other than decreased genetic diversity and increased linkage disequilibrium underpinning artificial selection. More... »

PAGES

19

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12862-018-1340-9

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12862-018-1340-9

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111361863

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30634914


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