Sources, spatial distribution, and abundance of marine debris on Thondi coast, Palk Bay, Southeast coast of India View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2021-12-11

AUTHORS

Karthikeyan Perumal, Vishwanath Boopathi, Stella Chellaiyan, Subagunasekar Muthuramalingam, Prakash Raja

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThe Thondi coast is rich in valuable natural marine resources and socio-economically significant activities like agriculture, aquaculture, and fishing. The area receives an excess of untreated solid and liquid waste as a result of these activities. The study focuses on the abundance, distribution, and status of the Clean-Coast Index (CCI) of marine debris from the Thondi coast, Palk Bay, Southeast coast of India. This is the first research work focused on assessing the type and quantity of marine debris on the Thondi coast.ResultsA total of 1636 marine debris items/m2 and their 4.09 concentration of the items/m2 were determined in the marine debris: plastics (77.49%), cotton swabs (8.62%), cigarette butts (10.15%), and food containers (3.73%). From the result, the CCI had ranged between 4.25 (clean) and 20.4 (extremely dirty) with a mean of 8.92 (moderate) in the Thondi coast assessed.ConclusionThis study was conducted for the first time in this region. Finally, the high CCI value of 20.4 on the coast indicated that the marine debris pollution levels were high at the time of sampling in the middle part of the Thondi coast (most of the beaches are covered with plastic) due to land-based marine debris (62.45%), sea-originated marine debris (21.14%), and unknown sources (16.41%) of the items. Our findings served as a baseline for potential evaluations of the marine environment. Input prevention should be the goal of management efforts, including proper waste management, plastic recycling, and stringent penalties for illegal waste dumping. More... »

PAGES

136

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12302-021-00576-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12302-021-00576-x

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1143817262


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198 rdf:type schema:Organization
199 grid-institutes:grid.444423.1 schema:alternateName Centre for Geoinformatics, School of Health Sciences & Rural Development, The Gandhigram Rural Institute (Deemed To Be University), 624302, Dindigul, Tamil Nadu, India
200 schema:name Centre for Geoinformatics, School of Health Sciences & Rural Development, The Gandhigram Rural Institute (Deemed To Be University), 624302, Dindigul, Tamil Nadu, India
201 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




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