Proposed guidelines to evaluate scientific validity and evidence for genotype-based dietary advice View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-12-15

AUTHORS

Keith A. Grimaldi, Ben van Ommen, Jose M. Ordovas, Laurence D. Parnell, John C. Mathers, Igor Bendik, Lorraine Brennan, Carlos Celis-Morales, Elisa Cirillo, Hannelore Daniel, Brenda de Kok, Ahmed El-Sohemy, Susan J. Fairweather-Tait, Rosalind Fallaize, Michael Fenech, Lynnette R. Ferguson, Eileen R. Gibney, Mike Gibney, Ingrid M. F. Gjelstad, Jim Kaput, Anette S. Karlsen, Silvia Kolossa, Julie Lovegrove, Anna L. Macready, Cyril F. M. Marsaux, J. Alfredo Martinez, Fermin Milagro, Santiago Navas-Carretero, Helen M. Roche, Wim H. M. Saris, Iwona Traczyk, Henk van Kranen, Lars Verschuren, Fabio Virgili, Peter Weber, Jildau Bouwman

ABSTRACT

Nutrigenetic research examines the effects of inter-individual differences in genotype on responses to nutrients and other food components, in the context of health and of nutrient requirements. A practical application of nutrigenetics is the use of personal genetic information to guide recommendations for dietary choices that are more efficacious at the individual or genetic subgroup level relative to generic dietary advice. Nutrigenetics is unregulated, with no defined standards, beyond some commercially adopted codes of practice. Only a few official nutrition-related professional bodies have embraced the subject, and, consequently, there is a lack of educational resources or guidance for implementation of the outcomes of nutrigenetic research. To avoid misuse and to protect the public, personalised nutrigenetic advice and information should be based on clear evidence of validity grounded in a careful and defensible interpretation of outcomes from nutrigenetic research studies. Evidence requirements are clearly stated and assessed within the context of state-of-the-art 'evidence-based nutrition'. We have developed and present here a draft framework that can be used to assess the strength of the evidence for scientific validity of nutrigenetic knowledge and whether 'actionable'. In addition, we propose that this framework be used as the basis for developing transparent and scientifically sound advice to the public based on nutrigenetic tests. We feel that although this area is still in its infancy, minimal guidelines are required. Though these guidelines are based on semi-quantitative data, they should stimulate debate on their utility. This framework will be revised biennially, as knowledge on the subject increases. More... »

PAGES

35

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Journal

    TITLE

    Genes & Nutrition

    ISSUE

    1

    VOLUME

    12

    Author Affiliations

  • Eurogenetica Ltd, 7 Salisbury Road, Burnham-on-Sea, TA8 1HX UK
  • TNO, Utrechtseweg 48, Zeist, The Netherlands
  • IMDEA Alimentacion, Madrid, Spain
  • Agriculture Research Service, USDA, Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, Boston, MA 02111 USA
  • Human Nutrition Research Centre, Institute of Cellular Medicine, Campus for Ageing and Vitality, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE4 5PL UK
  • DSM Nutritional Products, Kaiseraugst, Switzerland
  • UCD Institute of Food and Health, UCD School of Agriculture and Food Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Republic of Ireland
  • BHF Glasgow Cardiovascular Research Centre, Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Science, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8TA UK
  • Nutritional Physiology, Technische Universität München, 85350 Freising, Germany
  • Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, 150 College Street, 3rd Floor, Toronto, ON M5S 3E2 Canada
  • Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich, NR4 7UQ UK
  • Hugh Sinclair Unit of Human Nutrition and Institute for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research, Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University of Reading, Whiteknights, PO Box 226, Reading, Berkshire RG6 6AP UK
  • CSIRO Health and Biosecurity, Gate 13, Kintore Avenue, Adelaide, SA 5000 Australia
  • ACSRC and Discipline of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, 1184 New Zealand
  • Department of Nutrition, Universitetet i Oslo, PO Box 1046, Blindern, N-0316 Oslo, Norway
  • Vydiant Inc, 2330 Gold Meadow Way, Gold River, 95670 CA USA
  • Department of Human Biology, NUTRIM School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Centre + (MUMC+), Maastricht, The Netherlands
  • CIBERobn, Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
  • Nutrigenomics Research Group, UCD Institute of Food and Health/UCD Conway Institute, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
  • Department of Human Nutrition, Faculty on Health Sciences, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
  • Institute for Public Health Genomics (IPHG), Department of Genetics and Cell Biology, Faculty of Health, Medicine & Life Sciences, University of Maastricht, Universiteitssingel 40, 6229 ER Maastricht, The Netherlands
  • Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Food and Nutrition Research Centre, (CREA - AN), via Ardeatina 546, 00178 Rome, Italy
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12263-017-0584-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12263-017-0584-0

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1099683510

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29270237


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