For making a declaration of countermeasures against the falling birth rate from the Japanese Society for Hygiene: summary of discussion ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-03-05

AUTHORS

Kyoko Nomura, Kanae Karita, Atsuko Araki, Emiko Nishioka, Go Muto, Miyuki Iwai-Shimada, Mariko Nishikitani, Mariko Inoue, Shinobu Tsurugano, Naomi Kitano, Mayumi Tsuji, Sachiko Iijima, Kayo Ueda, Michihiro Kamijima, Zentaro Yamagata, Kiyomi Sakata, Masayuki Iki, Hiroyuki Yanagisawa, Masashi Kato, Hidekuni Inadera, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Kazuhito Yokoyama, Akio Koizumi, Takemi Otsuki

ABSTRACT

In 1952, the Japanese Society for Hygiene had once passed a resolution at its 22nd symposium on population control, recommending the suppression of population growth based on the idea of cultivating a healthier population in the area of eugenics. Over half a century has now passed since this recommendation; Japan is witnessing an aging of the population (it is estimated that over 65-year-olds made up 27.7% of the population in 2017) and a decline in the birth rate (total fertility rate 1.43 births per woman in 2017) at a rate that is unparalleled in the world; Japan is faced with a "super-aging" society with low birth rate. In 2017, the Society passed a resolution to encourage all scientists to engage in academic researches to address the issue of the declining birth rate that Japan is currently facing. In this commentary, the Society hereby declares that the entire text of the 1952 proposal is revoked and the ideas relating to eugenics is rejected. Since the Society has set up a working group on the issue in 2016, there have been three symposiums, and working group committee members began publishing a series of articles in the Society's Japanese language journal. This commentary primarily provides an overview of the findings from the published articles, which will form the scientific basis for the Society's declaration. The areas we covered here included the following: (1) improving the social and work environment to balance between the personal and professional life; (2) proactive education on reproductive health; (3) children's health begins with nutritional management in women of reproductive age; (4) workplace environment and occupational health; (5) workplace measures to counter the declining birth rate; (6) research into the effect of environmental chemicals on sexual maturity, reproductive function, and the children of next generation; and (7) comprehensive research into the relationship among contemporary society, parental stress, and healthy child-rearing. Based on the seven topics, we will set out a declaration to address Japan's aging society with low birth rate. More... »

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Author Affiliations

  • Department of Public Health, Akita University Graduate School of Medicine, Akita, Japan
  • Department of Public Health, Kyorin University Gender Equality Promotion Office, Kyorin University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
  • Hokkaido University Center for Environmental and Health Sciences, Sapporo, Japan
  • Department of Maternal Nursing, Division of Nursing, National Defense Medical College, Saitama, Japan
  • Department of Hygiene, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Kanagawa, Japan
  • Center for Health and Environmental Risk Research, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Ibaragi, Japan
  • Institute of Decision Science for a Sustainable Society, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan
  • Graduate School of Public Health, Teikyo University, Tokyo, Japan
  • Health Care Center, The University of Electro-Communications, Tokyo, Japan
  • Research Center for Community Medicine and Department of Public Health, Wakayama Medical University School of Medicine, Wakayama, Japan
  • Department of Environmental Health, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Fukuoka, Japan
  • Graduate School of Health Care and Nursing, Juntendo University, Chiba, Japan
  • Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
  • Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya, Japan
  • Department of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Yamanashi, Yamanashi, Japan
  • Department of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, Iwate medical University, Iwate, Japan
  • Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Kindai University, Osaka, Japan
  • Department of Public Health and Environmental Medicine, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
  • Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan
  • Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toyama, Toyama, Japan
  • Department of Preventive Cardiology, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan
  • Department of Epidemiology and Environmental Health, Faculty of Medicine, Juntendo University, Tokyo, Japan
  • Kyoto Hokenkai, Kyoto, Japan
  • Department of Hygiene, Kawasaki Medical School, Okayama, Japan
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12199-019-0768-x

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12199-019-0768-x

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1112547995

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30836940


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