Development and psychometric testing of an abridged version of Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure (DREEM) View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-04-17

AUTHORS

Kathiresan Jeyashree, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Soundappan Kathirvel

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure (DREEM) is a 50-item tool to assess the educational environment of medical institutions as perceived by the students. This cross-sectional study developed and validated an abridged version of the DREEM-50 with an aim to have a less resource-intensive (time, manpower), yet valid and reliable, version of DREEM-50 while also avoiding respondent fatigue. METHODS: A methodology similar to that used in the development of WHO-BREF was adopted to develop the abridged version of DREEM. Medical students (n = 418) from a private teaching hospital in Madurai, India, were divided into two groups. Group I (n = 277) participated in the development of the abridged version. This was performed by domain-wise selection of items that had the highest item-total correlation. Group II (n = 141) participated in the testing of the abridged version for construct validity, internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed to assess the construct validity of DREEM-12. RESULTS: The abridged version had 12 items (DREEM-12) spread over all five domains in DREEM-50. DREEM-12 explained 77.4% of the variance in DREEM-50 scores. Correlation between total scores of DREEM-50 and DREEM-12 was 0.88 (p < 0.001). Confirmatory factor analysis of DREEM-12 construct was statistically significant (LR test of model vs. saturated p = 0.0006). The internal consistency of DREEM-12 was 0.83. The test-retest reliability of DREEM-12 was 0.595, p < 0.001. CONCLUSION: DREEM-12 is a valid and reliable tool for use in educational research. Future research using DREEM-12 will establish its validity and reliability across different settings. More... »

PAGES

13

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12199-018-0702-7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12199-018-0702-7

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103406231

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29665784


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/05", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Environmental Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Biological Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Adolescent", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Cross-Sectional Studies", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Education, Medical", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Female", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "India", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Male", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Psychometrics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Reproducibility of Results", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Students, Medical", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Young Adult", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Community Medicine, Velammal Medical College Hospital and Research Institute, Madurai, 625009 India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.465090.e", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Community Medicine, Velammal Medical College Hospital and Research Institute, Madurai, 625009 India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Jeyashree", 
        "givenName": "Kathiresan", 
        "id": "sg:person.01060606147.56", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01060606147.56"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Operational Research, International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (The Union), South-East Asia Office, C-6 Qutub Institutional Area, New Delhi, 110016 India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.483403.8", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Operational Research, International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (The Union), South-East Asia Office, C-6 Qutub Institutional Area, New Delhi, 110016 India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Shewade", 
        "givenName": "Hemant Deepak", 
        "id": "sg:person.01071566077.95", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01071566077.95"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Community Medicine, School of Public Health, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh UT, India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.415131.3", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Community Medicine, School of Public Health, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh UT, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kathirvel", 
        "givenName": "Soundappan", 
        "id": "sg:person.0725311163.89", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0725311163.89"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1472-6920-5-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031764798", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6920-5-8"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1472-6920-12-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053208775", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6920-12-2"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1472-6920-14-100", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020333204", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6920-14-100"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2018-04-17", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2018-04-17", 
    "description": "BACKGROUND: Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure (DREEM) is a 50-item tool to assess the educational environment of medical institutions as perceived by the students. This cross-sectional study developed and validated an abridged version of the DREEM-50 with an aim to have a less resource-intensive (time, manpower), yet valid and reliable, version of DREEM-50 while also avoiding respondent fatigue.\nMETHODS: A methodology similar to that used in the development of WHO-BREF was adopted to develop the abridged version of DREEM. Medical students (n\u2009=\u2009418) from a private teaching hospital in Madurai, India, were divided into two groups. Group I (n\u2009=\u2009277) participated in the development of the abridged version. This was performed by domain-wise selection of items that had the highest item-total correlation. Group II (n\u2009=\u2009141) participated in the testing of the abridged version for construct validity, internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed to assess the construct validity of DREEM-12.\nRESULTS: The abridged version had 12 items (DREEM-12) spread over all five domains in DREEM-50. DREEM-12 explained 77.4% of the variance in DREEM-50 scores. Correlation between total scores of DREEM-50 and DREEM-12 was 0.88 (p\u2009<\u20090.001). Confirmatory factor analysis of DREEM-12 construct was statistically significant (LR test of model vs. saturated p\u2009=\u20090.0006). The internal consistency of DREEM-12 was 0.83. The test-retest reliability of DREEM-12 was 0.595, p\u2009<\u20090.001.\nCONCLUSION: DREEM-12 is a valid and reliable tool for use in educational research. Future research using DREEM-12 will establish its validity and reliability across different settings.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s12199-018-0702-7", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1115673", 
        "issn": [
          "1342-078X", 
          "1347-4715"
        ], 
        "name": "Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "23"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure", 
      "confirmatory factor analysis", 
      "test-retest reliability", 
      "construct validity", 
      "internal consistency", 
      "factor analysis", 
      "Environment Measure", 
      "high item-total correlations", 
      "item-total correlations", 
      "future research", 
      "educational environment", 
      "respondent fatigue", 
      "psychometric testing", 
      "total score", 
      "educational research", 
      "items", 
      "validity", 
      "students", 
      "measures", 
      "different settings", 
      "version", 
      "scores", 
      "research", 
      "consistency", 
      "constructs", 
      "cross-sectional study", 
      "medical students", 
      "reliability", 
      "variance", 
      "fatigue", 
      "development", 
      "reliable tool", 
      "setting", 
      "domain", 
      "testing", 
      "environment", 
      "group", 
      "correlation", 
      "study", 
      "tool", 
      "analysis", 
      "aim", 
      "use", 
      "medical institutions", 
      "methodology", 
      "private teaching hospital", 
      "selection", 
      "institutions", 
      "teaching hospital", 
      "hospital", 
      "India", 
      "Madurai", 
      "WHO-BREF", 
      "group I", 
      "group II", 
      "Ready Educational Environment Measure", 
      "Educational Environment Measure", 
      "DREEM-50", 
      "version of DREEM", 
      "domain-wise selection", 
      "DREEM-12", 
      "DREEM-50 scores", 
      "DREEM-12 construct"
    ], 
    "name": "Development and psychometric testing of an abridged version of Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure (DREEM)", 
    "pagination": "13", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1103406231"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1186/s12199-018-0702-7"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "29665784"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12199-018-0702-7", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103406231"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2021-11-01T18:32", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20211101/entities/gbq_results/article/article_765.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1186/s12199-018-0702-7"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12199-018-0702-7'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12199-018-0702-7'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12199-018-0702-7'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s12199-018-0702-7'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

205 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      104 URIs      92 LITERALS      18 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1186/s12199-018-0702-7 schema:about N1be1ae9daf524cad95105befdb20b5a0
2 N2367f010359147c1925ce2f81f5cb4ad
3 N43b3bfd6c76644879061a9a5529dfc4f
4 N466df814169f49eb8cb629307104250d
5 N8b799e9554fc4a898711b5803f482f20
6 Na3c6a59105474ebd8db95f380e010d52
7 Nb4bf4ce789904f3bbe199c6065fd95a8
8 Nb9474cf1e9fa4b33a072117ab8dc63c4
9 Nbca04a0cf80e40089d513c2d7860dd99
10 Nf0da927d30f345a48450e9d581172c5c
11 Nfdd67c05e6684fc9b55bad87e43180df
12 anzsrc-for:05
13 anzsrc-for:06
14 anzsrc-for:11
15 schema:author Nb799eb861c9f4f88a50698247b0a19a3
16 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1186/1472-6920-12-2
17 sg:pub.10.1186/1472-6920-14-100
18 sg:pub.10.1186/1472-6920-5-8
19 schema:datePublished 2018-04-17
20 schema:datePublishedReg 2018-04-17
21 schema:description BACKGROUND: Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure (DREEM) is a 50-item tool to assess the educational environment of medical institutions as perceived by the students. This cross-sectional study developed and validated an abridged version of the DREEM-50 with an aim to have a less resource-intensive (time, manpower), yet valid and reliable, version of DREEM-50 while also avoiding respondent fatigue. METHODS: A methodology similar to that used in the development of WHO-BREF was adopted to develop the abridged version of DREEM. Medical students (n = 418) from a private teaching hospital in Madurai, India, were divided into two groups. Group I (n = 277) participated in the development of the abridged version. This was performed by domain-wise selection of items that had the highest item-total correlation. Group II (n = 141) participated in the testing of the abridged version for construct validity, internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed to assess the construct validity of DREEM-12. RESULTS: The abridged version had 12 items (DREEM-12) spread over all five domains in DREEM-50. DREEM-12 explained 77.4% of the variance in DREEM-50 scores. Correlation between total scores of DREEM-50 and DREEM-12 was 0.88 (p < 0.001). Confirmatory factor analysis of DREEM-12 construct was statistically significant (LR test of model vs. saturated p = 0.0006). The internal consistency of DREEM-12 was 0.83. The test-retest reliability of DREEM-12 was 0.595, p < 0.001. CONCLUSION: DREEM-12 is a valid and reliable tool for use in educational research. Future research using DREEM-12 will establish its validity and reliability across different settings.
22 schema:genre article
23 schema:inLanguage en
24 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
25 schema:isPartOf N395bc4b32f094378a17aa8968212e657
26 Nd3063ecb96084382ab1cdbed778c089f
27 sg:journal.1115673
28 schema:keywords DREEM-12
29 DREEM-12 construct
30 DREEM-50
31 DREEM-50 scores
32 Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure
33 Educational Environment Measure
34 Environment Measure
35 India
36 Madurai
37 Ready Educational Environment Measure
38 WHO-BREF
39 aim
40 analysis
41 confirmatory factor analysis
42 consistency
43 construct validity
44 constructs
45 correlation
46 cross-sectional study
47 development
48 different settings
49 domain
50 domain-wise selection
51 educational environment
52 educational research
53 environment
54 factor analysis
55 fatigue
56 future research
57 group
58 group I
59 group II
60 high item-total correlations
61 hospital
62 institutions
63 internal consistency
64 item-total correlations
65 items
66 measures
67 medical institutions
68 medical students
69 methodology
70 private teaching hospital
71 psychometric testing
72 reliability
73 reliable tool
74 research
75 respondent fatigue
76 scores
77 selection
78 setting
79 students
80 study
81 teaching hospital
82 test-retest reliability
83 testing
84 tool
85 total score
86 use
87 validity
88 variance
89 version
90 version of DREEM
91 schema:name Development and psychometric testing of an abridged version of Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure (DREEM)
92 schema:pagination 13
93 schema:productId N9c21f9406f08456eb175d60611a85ea2
94 Nebe412650eb044b58fefd584ce6f5f3e
95 Nfb4ca804d8fd482a830ba6905ae7dc44
96 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103406231
97 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12199-018-0702-7
98 schema:sdDatePublished 2021-11-01T18:32
99 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
100 schema:sdPublisher N2b092918943045fca0955ae378a77a4b
101 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1186/s12199-018-0702-7
102 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
103 sgo:sdDataset articles
104 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
105 N1be1ae9daf524cad95105befdb20b5a0 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
106 schema:name Humans
107 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
108 N2367f010359147c1925ce2f81f5cb4ad schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
109 schema:name Female
110 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
111 N2b092918943045fca0955ae378a77a4b schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
112 rdf:type schema:Organization
113 N395bc4b32f094378a17aa8968212e657 schema:issueNumber 1
114 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
115 N43b3bfd6c76644879061a9a5529dfc4f schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
116 schema:name India
117 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
118 N466df814169f49eb8cb629307104250d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
119 schema:name Psychometrics
120 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
121 N5d70a2573f6e48d1a6a19ff5cbc3c689 rdf:first sg:person.01071566077.95
122 rdf:rest Nb5bd693f30f7445eae8a5d3a66fb0afc
123 N8b799e9554fc4a898711b5803f482f20 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
124 schema:name Adolescent
125 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
126 N9c21f9406f08456eb175d60611a85ea2 schema:name pubmed_id
127 schema:value 29665784
128 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
129 Na3c6a59105474ebd8db95f380e010d52 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
130 schema:name Young Adult
131 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
132 Nb4bf4ce789904f3bbe199c6065fd95a8 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
133 schema:name Cross-Sectional Studies
134 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
135 Nb5bd693f30f7445eae8a5d3a66fb0afc rdf:first sg:person.0725311163.89
136 rdf:rest rdf:nil
137 Nb799eb861c9f4f88a50698247b0a19a3 rdf:first sg:person.01060606147.56
138 rdf:rest N5d70a2573f6e48d1a6a19ff5cbc3c689
139 Nb9474cf1e9fa4b33a072117ab8dc63c4 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
140 schema:name Male
141 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
142 Nbca04a0cf80e40089d513c2d7860dd99 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
143 schema:name Students, Medical
144 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
145 Nd3063ecb96084382ab1cdbed778c089f schema:volumeNumber 23
146 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
147 Nebe412650eb044b58fefd584ce6f5f3e schema:name doi
148 schema:value 10.1186/s12199-018-0702-7
149 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
150 Nf0da927d30f345a48450e9d581172c5c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
151 schema:name Education, Medical
152 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
153 Nfb4ca804d8fd482a830ba6905ae7dc44 schema:name dimensions_id
154 schema:value pub.1103406231
155 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
156 Nfdd67c05e6684fc9b55bad87e43180df schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
157 schema:name Reproducibility of Results
158 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
159 anzsrc-for:05 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
160 schema:name Environmental Sciences
161 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
162 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
163 schema:name Biological Sciences
164 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
165 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
166 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
167 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
168 sg:journal.1115673 schema:issn 1342-078X
169 1347-4715
170 schema:name Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
171 schema:publisher Springer Nature
172 rdf:type schema:Periodical
173 sg:person.01060606147.56 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.465090.e
174 schema:familyName Jeyashree
175 schema:givenName Kathiresan
176 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01060606147.56
177 rdf:type schema:Person
178 sg:person.01071566077.95 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.483403.8
179 schema:familyName Shewade
180 schema:givenName Hemant Deepak
181 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01071566077.95
182 rdf:type schema:Person
183 sg:person.0725311163.89 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.415131.3
184 schema:familyName Kathirvel
185 schema:givenName Soundappan
186 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0725311163.89
187 rdf:type schema:Person
188 sg:pub.10.1186/1472-6920-12-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053208775
189 https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6920-12-2
190 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
191 sg:pub.10.1186/1472-6920-14-100 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020333204
192 https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6920-14-100
193 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
194 sg:pub.10.1186/1472-6920-5-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031764798
195 https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6920-5-8
196 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
197 grid-institutes:grid.415131.3 schema:alternateName Department of Community Medicine, School of Public Health, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh UT, India
198 schema:name Department of Community Medicine, School of Public Health, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh UT, India
199 rdf:type schema:Organization
200 grid-institutes:grid.465090.e schema:alternateName Department of Community Medicine, Velammal Medical College Hospital and Research Institute, Madurai, 625009 India
201 schema:name Department of Community Medicine, Velammal Medical College Hospital and Research Institute, Madurai, 625009 India
202 rdf:type schema:Organization
203 grid-institutes:grid.483403.8 schema:alternateName Department of Operational Research, International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (The Union), South-East Asia Office, C-6 Qutub Institutional Area, New Delhi, 110016 India
204 schema:name Department of Operational Research, International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (The Union), South-East Asia Office, C-6 Qutub Institutional Area, New Delhi, 110016 India
205 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...