The burden of headache disorders in Ethiopia: national estimates from a population-based door-to-door survey View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-12

AUTHORS

Mehila Zebenigus, Redda Tekle-Haimanot, Dawit K Worku, Hallie Thomas, Timothy J Steiner

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Headache disorders are the third-highest cause of disability worldwide, with migraine and medication-overuse headache (MOH) the major contributors. In Ethiopia we have shown these disorders to be highly prevalent: migraine 17.7%, TTH 20.6%, probable MOH (pMOH) 0.7%, any headache yesterday (HY) 6.4%. To inform local health policy, we now estimate disability and other burdens attributable to headache in this country. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey using cluster-randomized sampling, we visited households unannounced in four diverse regions (urban and rural) of Ethiopia. We interviewed one member (18-65 years old) of each household using the HARDSHIP structured questionnaire. Screening and diagnostic questions based on ICHD-II were followed by burden enquiry in multiple domains. We estimated disability using disability weights (DWs) from the Global Burden of Disease 2013 study. RESULTS: We interviewed 2385 participants (1064 [44.7%] male, 596 [25.0%] urban; participating proportion 99.8%). Reported mean intensity of migraine was 2.6 (scale 1-3). People with migraine spent 11.7% of their time in the ictal state (DW: 0.441); they were therefore 5.2% disabled overall. Pain and disability from TTH were much lower. Mean intensity of pMOH was 2.95. People with pMOH spent 60.2% of time with headache (DW: 0.223), and were 13.4% disabled. Average proportions of per-person lost productive time were, for migraine, 4.5% from paid work, 5.3% from household work; for pMOH they were 29.2% and 16.0%. There were highly-disabled minorities, and large gender differences, males losing more paid workdays, females more household workdays. All headache types were associated with impairments in quality of life. Across the population aged 18-65 years (effectively the working population), disability from headache was 1.4%, with 1.6% of workdays lost (half from migraine). Estimates from HY, eliminating recall error, were highly compatible. CONCLUSIONS: Ethiopia is a low-income country, and cannot afford these losses - including, perhaps, 1.6% of GDP. Political action is necessary, aimed at mitigating both the economic burden and the associated ill health. WHO has recommended structured headache services with their basis in primary care as the most efficient, effective, affordable and equitable solution, potentially cost-saving. We believe they can be implemented within Ethiopia's existing health-care infrastructure. More... »

PAGES

58

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2016-12. GBD 2015: migraine is the third cause of disability in under 50s in THE JOURNAL OF HEADACHE AND PAIN
  • 2010-12. Lifting The Burden: the first 7 years in THE JOURNAL OF HEADACHE AND PAIN
  • 2015-12. Headache disorders are third cause of disability worldwide in THE JOURNAL OF HEADACHE AND PAIN
  • 2011-08. Recommendations for headache service organisation and delivery in Europe in THE JOURNAL OF HEADACHE AND PAIN
  • 2014-12. The methodology of population surveys of headache prevalence, burden and cost: Principles and recommendations from the Global Campaign against Headache in THE JOURNAL OF HEADACHE AND PAIN
  • 2014-12. Diagnosis, prevalence estimation and burden measurement in population surveys of headache: presenting the HARDSHIP questionnaire in THE JOURNAL OF HEADACHE AND PAIN
  • 2015-12. Cost-effectiveness analysis of interventions for migraine in four low- and middle-income countries in THE JOURNAL OF HEADACHE AND PAIN
  • 2015-12. The burden of headache disorders in Nepal: estimates from a population-based survey in THE JOURNAL OF HEADACHE AND PAIN
  • 2015-12. The epidemiology of primary headache disorders in Zambia: a population-based door-to-door survey in THE JOURNAL OF HEADACHE AND PAIN
  • 2005-10. Lifting The Burden: The Global Campaign to Reduce the Burden of Headache Worldwide in THE JOURNAL OF HEADACHE AND PAIN
  • 2007-06. The definitive position of headache among the major public health challenges. An end to the slippery slope of disregard in THE JOURNAL OF HEADACHE AND PAIN
  • 2015-12. The burden of primary headache disorders in Zambia: national estimates from a population-based door-to-door survey in THE JOURNAL OF HEADACHE AND PAIN
  • 2016-12. The prevalence of primary headache disorders in Ethiopia in THE JOURNAL OF HEADACHE AND PAIN
  • 2015-12. The burden attributable to headache disorders in India: estimates from a community-based study in Karnataka State in THE JOURNAL OF HEADACHE AND PAIN
  • 2017-12. Primary headache disorders in the adult general population of Pakistan – a cross sectional nationwide prevalence survey in THE JOURNAL OF HEADACHE AND PAIN
  • 2011-06. The Global Campaign, World Health Organization and Lifting The Burden: collaboration in action in THE JOURNAL OF HEADACHE AND PAIN
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s10194-017-0765-7

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s10194-017-0765-7

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085596305

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28547735


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1117", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Public Health and Health Services", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Adult", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Cost of Illness", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Cross-Sectional Studies", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Ethiopia", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Female", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Headache Disorders", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Health Policy", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Health Surveys", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Humans", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Male", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Middle Aged", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Pain", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Population Surveillance", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Quality of Life", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Random Allocation", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Risk Factors", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Rural Population", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Young Adult", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Addis Ababa University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7123.7", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, College of Health Science, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Zebenigus", 
            "givenName": "Mehila", 
            "id": "sg:person.011271454120.08", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011271454120.08"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Addis Ababa University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7123.7", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, College of Health Science, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Tekle-Haimanot", 
            "givenName": "Redda", 
            "id": "sg:person.01272323557.51", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01272323557.51"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Bahir Dar University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.442845.b", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Internal Medicine, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Worku", 
            "givenName": "Dawit K", 
            "id": "sg:person.0746406240.46", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0746406240.46"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Norwegian University of Science and Technology", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5947.f", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, NTNU Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Edvard Griegs Gate, NO-7491, Trondheim, Norway"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Thomas", 
            "givenName": "Hallie", 
            "id": "sg:person.01163265477.39", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01163265477.39"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Imperial College London", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7445.2", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, NTNU Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Edvard Griegs Gate, NO-7491, Trondheim, Norway", 
                "Division of Brain Sciences, Imperial College London, London, UK"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Steiner", 
            "givenName": "Timothy J", 
            "id": "sg:person.016215446072.67", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016215446072.67"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s2214-109x(15)00069-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005080090"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10194-007-0382-y", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005245633", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10194-007-0382-y"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1129-2377-15-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005549741", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/1129-2377-15-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10194-011-0320-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008753545", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10194-011-0320-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10194-010-0264-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009590181", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10194-010-0264-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-015-0544-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009594198", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-015-0544-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-015-0544-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009594198", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-015-0544-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/ene.12380", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010241196"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10194-005-0241-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013410578", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10194-005-0241-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-016-0704-z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018424030", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-016-0704-z"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-016-0704-z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018424030", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-016-0704-z"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1129-2377-15-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019094322", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/1129-2377-15-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-015-0515-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019851049", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-015-0515-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-015-0515-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019851049", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-015-0515-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(15)60692-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021970111"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(15)60692-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021970111"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(15)60692-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021970111"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-015-0496-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024007998", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-015-0496-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-015-0496-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024007998", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-015-0496-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(12)61729-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024432512"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-016-0594-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025110678", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-016-0594-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-016-0594-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025110678", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-016-0594-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2982.2007.01288.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026603041"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2982.2007.01288.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026603041"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-016-0699-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029828820", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-016-0699-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-016-0699-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029828820", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-016-0699-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(16)31678-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030056458"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0333102412459478", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030497687"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/0333102412459478", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030497687"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-015-0574-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036965794", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-015-0574-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-015-0574-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036965794", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-015-0574-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-557x.146280", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043336412"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1526-4610.2011.02061.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048279023"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10194-011-0342-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051174293", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10194-011-0342-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1474-4422(04)00703-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052239742"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-015-0513-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052971271", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-015-0513-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-015-0513-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052971271", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-015-0513-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033291798006667", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054007361"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033291798006667", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054007361"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.0b013e3181c34abb", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064354818"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.0b013e3181c34abb", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064354818"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.0b013e3181c34abb", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064354818"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.0b013e3181c34abb", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064354818"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076799822", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077523269", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078914056", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-017-0734-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083859441", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-017-0734-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-017-0734-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083859441", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-017-0734-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2017-12", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2017-12-01", 
        "description": "BACKGROUND: Headache disorders are the third-highest cause of disability worldwide, with migraine and medication-overuse headache (MOH) the major contributors. In Ethiopia we have shown these disorders to be highly prevalent: migraine 17.7%, TTH 20.6%, probable MOH (pMOH) 0.7%, any headache yesterday (HY) 6.4%. To inform local health policy, we now estimate disability and other burdens attributable to headache in this country.\nMETHODS: In a cross-sectional survey using cluster-randomized sampling, we visited households unannounced in four diverse regions (urban and rural) of Ethiopia. We interviewed one member (18-65\u00a0years old) of each household using the HARDSHIP structured questionnaire. Screening and diagnostic questions based on ICHD-II were followed by burden enquiry in multiple domains. We estimated disability using disability weights (DWs) from the Global Burden of Disease 2013 study.\nRESULTS: We interviewed 2385 participants (1064 [44.7%] male, 596 [25.0%] urban; participating proportion 99.8%). Reported mean intensity of migraine was 2.6 (scale 1-3). People with migraine spent 11.7% of their time in the ictal state (DW: 0.441); they were therefore 5.2% disabled overall. Pain and disability from TTH were much lower. Mean intensity of pMOH was 2.95. People with pMOH spent 60.2% of time with headache (DW: 0.223), and were 13.4% disabled. Average proportions of per-person lost productive time were, for migraine, 4.5% from paid work, 5.3% from household work; for pMOH they were 29.2% and 16.0%. There were highly-disabled minorities, and large gender differences, males losing more paid workdays, females more household workdays. All headache types were associated with impairments in quality of life. Across the population aged 18-65\u00a0years (effectively the working population), disability from headache was 1.4%, with 1.6% of workdays lost (half from migraine). Estimates from HY, eliminating recall error, were highly compatible.\nCONCLUSIONS: Ethiopia is a low-income country, and cannot afford these losses - including, perhaps, 1.6% of GDP. Political action is necessary, aimed at mitigating both the economic burden and the associated ill health. WHO has recommended structured headache services with their basis in primary care as the most efficient, effective, affordable and equitable solution, potentially cost-saving. We believe they can be implemented within Ethiopia's existing health-care infrastructure.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-017-0765-7", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1022710", 
            "issn": [
              "1129-2369", 
              "1129-2377"
            ], 
            "name": "The Journal of Headache and Pain", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "1", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "18"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "The burden of headache disorders in Ethiopia: national estimates from a population-based door-to-door survey", 
        "pagination": "58", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "8095beb543cb9f04a48b1aa97439e70f10b0a1c5103a21e9a6f3a00534c3c01a"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "28547735"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "100940562"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1186/s10194-017-0765-7"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1085596305"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-017-0765-7", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085596305"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T10:00", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000347_0000000347/records_89816_00000003.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs10194-017-0765-7"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s10194-017-0765-7'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s10194-017-0765-7'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s10194-017-0765-7'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/s10194-017-0765-7'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    286 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      78 URIs      39 LITERALS      27 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-017-0765-7 schema:about N01a9a034707a40d0b8f0661fa5745e1a
    2 N01ee928d79c14604bc9f68b53dbe9c25
    3 N156bbbd509354ebea6944e4c45f8a49a
    4 N1f1796df7dd241149e8ada0a6ae6f58b
    5 N23b7d8657f1a406a8a1b8738ff2c7925
    6 N2bb7b879a43d4b8ab22a168797a9cb03
    7 N38fd0f789d444025aae4a54ab9381347
    8 N476a5a6f10f14802924bcbda8762602e
    9 N4f8d1d06a07143b18a526da53fdaa5a5
    10 N6357386d6ccf4ec3b4b504c6a1203a29
    11 N7c427ef445a445daab44f5f5518d960b
    12 N841add3bd1aa4473a095af9803845aa0
    13 N9174171478424520a6f5b526486b1eb2
    14 N9b394b3c2c5b49d0b23a9285bbc849ec
    15 Nbee2d885be2b41e68ea4a8d7854eb4f9
    16 Nbfc5177424754106b65848c89242d8b0
    17 Ndb9657e3344c4851833e8ed4a7bc61ec
    18 Ne725f6a037b7419f880723dd6fa84ed1
    19 anzsrc-for:11
    20 anzsrc-for:1117
    21 schema:author N005f28b245ae403699d122dd8fa29535
    22 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s10194-005-0241-7
    23 sg:pub.10.1007/s10194-007-0382-y
    24 sg:pub.10.1007/s10194-010-0264-6
    25 sg:pub.10.1007/s10194-011-0320-x
    26 sg:pub.10.1007/s10194-011-0342-4
    27 sg:pub.10.1186/1129-2377-15-3
    28 sg:pub.10.1186/1129-2377-15-5
    29 sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-015-0496-6
    30 sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-015-0513-9
    31 sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-015-0515-7
    32 sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-015-0544-2
    33 sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-015-0574-9
    34 sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-016-0594-0
    35 sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-016-0699-5
    36 sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-016-0704-z
    37 sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-017-0734-1
    38 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076799822
    39 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077523269
    40 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078914056
    41 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(12)61729-2
    42 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(15)60692-4
    43 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(16)31678-6
    44 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1474-4422(04)00703-3
    45 https://doi.org/10.1016/s2214-109x(15)00069-8
    46 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033291798006667
    47 https://doi.org/10.1111/ene.12380
    48 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2982.2007.01288.x
    49 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1526-4610.2011.02061.x
    50 https://doi.org/10.1177/0333102412459478
    51 https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.0b013e3181c34abb
    52 https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-557x.146280
    53 schema:datePublished 2017-12
    54 schema:datePublishedReg 2017-12-01
    55 schema:description BACKGROUND: Headache disorders are the third-highest cause of disability worldwide, with migraine and medication-overuse headache (MOH) the major contributors. In Ethiopia we have shown these disorders to be highly prevalent: migraine 17.7%, TTH 20.6%, probable MOH (pMOH) 0.7%, any headache yesterday (HY) 6.4%. To inform local health policy, we now estimate disability and other burdens attributable to headache in this country. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey using cluster-randomized sampling, we visited households unannounced in four diverse regions (urban and rural) of Ethiopia. We interviewed one member (18-65 years old) of each household using the HARDSHIP structured questionnaire. Screening and diagnostic questions based on ICHD-II were followed by burden enquiry in multiple domains. We estimated disability using disability weights (DWs) from the Global Burden of Disease 2013 study. RESULTS: We interviewed 2385 participants (1064 [44.7%] male, 596 [25.0%] urban; participating proportion 99.8%). Reported mean intensity of migraine was 2.6 (scale 1-3). People with migraine spent 11.7% of their time in the ictal state (DW: 0.441); they were therefore 5.2% disabled overall. Pain and disability from TTH were much lower. Mean intensity of pMOH was 2.95. People with pMOH spent 60.2% of time with headache (DW: 0.223), and were 13.4% disabled. Average proportions of per-person lost productive time were, for migraine, 4.5% from paid work, 5.3% from household work; for pMOH they were 29.2% and 16.0%. There were highly-disabled minorities, and large gender differences, males losing more paid workdays, females more household workdays. All headache types were associated with impairments in quality of life. Across the population aged 18-65 years (effectively the working population), disability from headache was 1.4%, with 1.6% of workdays lost (half from migraine). Estimates from HY, eliminating recall error, were highly compatible. CONCLUSIONS: Ethiopia is a low-income country, and cannot afford these losses - including, perhaps, 1.6% of GDP. Political action is necessary, aimed at mitigating both the economic burden and the associated ill health. WHO has recommended structured headache services with their basis in primary care as the most efficient, effective, affordable and equitable solution, potentially cost-saving. We believe they can be implemented within Ethiopia's existing health-care infrastructure.
    56 schema:genre research_article
    57 schema:inLanguage en
    58 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
    59 schema:isPartOf N02fa2daaeb464c9f9711c2c1405c8797
    60 Nde08487363b64cf19b3be39a33c79092
    61 sg:journal.1022710
    62 schema:name The burden of headache disorders in Ethiopia: national estimates from a population-based door-to-door survey
    63 schema:pagination 58
    64 schema:productId N142b6043c0364ed68b7921ed1bb8f42a
    65 N50282be79e87487bb62bc90854142ad4
    66 N5028c97170bc4b169e5f2913c82f3ee8
    67 N669eed11f3ac433c96fb83427a0fdc67
    68 N8cf18e4fcbd848dcbb12bc93f0c88d09
    69 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1085596305
    70 https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-017-0765-7
    71 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T10:00
    72 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    73 schema:sdPublisher N70579d2f0e9643528c266bae1a30d823
    74 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fs10194-017-0765-7
    75 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    76 sgo:sdDataset articles
    77 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    78 N005f28b245ae403699d122dd8fa29535 rdf:first sg:person.011271454120.08
    79 rdf:rest N54e8333d495540fb972d1eb190805092
    80 N01a9a034707a40d0b8f0661fa5745e1a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    81 schema:name Pain
    82 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    83 N01ee928d79c14604bc9f68b53dbe9c25 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    84 schema:name Random Allocation
    85 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    86 N02fa2daaeb464c9f9711c2c1405c8797 schema:issueNumber 1
    87 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    88 N142b6043c0364ed68b7921ed1bb8f42a schema:name nlm_unique_id
    89 schema:value 100940562
    90 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    91 N156bbbd509354ebea6944e4c45f8a49a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    92 schema:name Cost of Illness
    93 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    94 N1f1796df7dd241149e8ada0a6ae6f58b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    95 schema:name Health Surveys
    96 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    97 N23b7d8657f1a406a8a1b8738ff2c7925 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    98 schema:name Middle Aged
    99 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    100 N2bb7b879a43d4b8ab22a168797a9cb03 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    101 schema:name Rural Population
    102 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    103 N38fd0f789d444025aae4a54ab9381347 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    104 schema:name Adult
    105 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    106 N476a5a6f10f14802924bcbda8762602e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    107 schema:name Female
    108 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    109 N4f8d1d06a07143b18a526da53fdaa5a5 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    110 schema:name Headache Disorders
    111 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    112 N50282be79e87487bb62bc90854142ad4 schema:name dimensions_id
    113 schema:value pub.1085596305
    114 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    115 N5028c97170bc4b169e5f2913c82f3ee8 schema:name doi
    116 schema:value 10.1186/s10194-017-0765-7
    117 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    118 N54e8333d495540fb972d1eb190805092 rdf:first sg:person.01272323557.51
    119 rdf:rest Nfbf455489b574850a944ac3908fac2ca
    120 N6357386d6ccf4ec3b4b504c6a1203a29 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    121 schema:name Ethiopia
    122 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    123 N669eed11f3ac433c96fb83427a0fdc67 schema:name readcube_id
    124 schema:value 8095beb543cb9f04a48b1aa97439e70f10b0a1c5103a21e9a6f3a00534c3c01a
    125 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    126 N70579d2f0e9643528c266bae1a30d823 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    127 rdf:type schema:Organization
    128 N71be830254bc444ab19aefc880702f78 rdf:first sg:person.01163265477.39
    129 rdf:rest Ndf7d10004c0c4ab98bacd0949f7d2b95
    130 N7c427ef445a445daab44f5f5518d960b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    131 schema:name Male
    132 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    133 N841add3bd1aa4473a095af9803845aa0 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    134 schema:name Health Policy
    135 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    136 N8cf18e4fcbd848dcbb12bc93f0c88d09 schema:name pubmed_id
    137 schema:value 28547735
    138 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    139 N9174171478424520a6f5b526486b1eb2 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    140 schema:name Young Adult
    141 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    142 N9b394b3c2c5b49d0b23a9285bbc849ec schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    143 schema:name Risk Factors
    144 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    145 Nbee2d885be2b41e68ea4a8d7854eb4f9 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    146 schema:name Quality of Life
    147 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    148 Nbfc5177424754106b65848c89242d8b0 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    149 schema:name Humans
    150 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    151 Ndb9657e3344c4851833e8ed4a7bc61ec schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    152 schema:name Population Surveillance
    153 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    154 Nde08487363b64cf19b3be39a33c79092 schema:volumeNumber 18
    155 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    156 Ndf7d10004c0c4ab98bacd0949f7d2b95 rdf:first sg:person.016215446072.67
    157 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    158 Ne725f6a037b7419f880723dd6fa84ed1 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    159 schema:name Cross-Sectional Studies
    160 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    161 Nfbf455489b574850a944ac3908fac2ca rdf:first sg:person.0746406240.46
    162 rdf:rest N71be830254bc444ab19aefc880702f78
    163 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    164 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
    165 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    166 anzsrc-for:1117 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    167 schema:name Public Health and Health Services
    168 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    169 sg:journal.1022710 schema:issn 1129-2369
    170 1129-2377
    171 schema:name The Journal of Headache and Pain
    172 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    173 sg:person.011271454120.08 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7123.7
    174 schema:familyName Zebenigus
    175 schema:givenName Mehila
    176 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011271454120.08
    177 rdf:type schema:Person
    178 sg:person.01163265477.39 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5947.f
    179 schema:familyName Thomas
    180 schema:givenName Hallie
    181 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01163265477.39
    182 rdf:type schema:Person
    183 sg:person.01272323557.51 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7123.7
    184 schema:familyName Tekle-Haimanot
    185 schema:givenName Redda
    186 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01272323557.51
    187 rdf:type schema:Person
    188 sg:person.016215446072.67 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7445.2
    189 schema:familyName Steiner
    190 schema:givenName Timothy J
    191 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016215446072.67
    192 rdf:type schema:Person
    193 sg:person.0746406240.46 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.442845.b
    194 schema:familyName Worku
    195 schema:givenName Dawit K
    196 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0746406240.46
    197 rdf:type schema:Person
    198 sg:pub.10.1007/s10194-005-0241-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013410578
    199 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10194-005-0241-7
    200 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    201 sg:pub.10.1007/s10194-007-0382-y schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005245633
    202 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10194-007-0382-y
    203 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    204 sg:pub.10.1007/s10194-010-0264-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009590181
    205 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10194-010-0264-6
    206 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    207 sg:pub.10.1007/s10194-011-0320-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008753545
    208 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10194-011-0320-x
    209 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    210 sg:pub.10.1007/s10194-011-0342-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051174293
    211 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10194-011-0342-4
    212 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    213 sg:pub.10.1186/1129-2377-15-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005549741
    214 https://doi.org/10.1186/1129-2377-15-3
    215 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    216 sg:pub.10.1186/1129-2377-15-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019094322
    217 https://doi.org/10.1186/1129-2377-15-5
    218 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    219 sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-015-0496-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024007998
    220 https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-015-0496-6
    221 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    222 sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-015-0513-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052971271
    223 https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-015-0513-9
    224 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    225 sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-015-0515-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019851049
    226 https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-015-0515-7
    227 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    228 sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-015-0544-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009594198
    229 https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-015-0544-2
    230 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    231 sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-015-0574-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036965794
    232 https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-015-0574-9
    233 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    234 sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-016-0594-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025110678
    235 https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-016-0594-0
    236 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    237 sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-016-0699-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029828820
    238 https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-016-0699-5
    239 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    240 sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-016-0704-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018424030
    241 https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-016-0704-z
    242 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    243 sg:pub.10.1186/s10194-017-0734-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1083859441
    244 https://doi.org/10.1186/s10194-017-0734-1
    245 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    246 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076799822 schema:CreativeWork
    247 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077523269 schema:CreativeWork
    248 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078914056 schema:CreativeWork
    249 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(12)61729-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024432512
    250 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    251 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(15)60692-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021970111
    252 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    253 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(16)31678-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030056458
    254 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    255 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1474-4422(04)00703-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052239742
    256 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    257 https://doi.org/10.1016/s2214-109x(15)00069-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005080090
    258 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    259 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0033291798006667 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054007361
    260 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    261 https://doi.org/10.1111/ene.12380 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010241196
    262 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    263 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2982.2007.01288.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026603041
    264 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    265 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1526-4610.2011.02061.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048279023
    266 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    267 https://doi.org/10.1177/0333102412459478 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030497687
    268 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    269 https://doi.org/10.1212/wnl.0b013e3181c34abb schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064354818
    270 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    271 https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-557x.146280 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043336412
    272 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    273 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.442845.b schema:alternateName Bahir Dar University
    274 schema:name Department of Internal Medicine, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
    275 rdf:type schema:Organization
    276 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5947.f schema:alternateName Norwegian University of Science and Technology
    277 schema:name Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, NTNU Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Edvard Griegs Gate, NO-7491, Trondheim, Norway
    278 rdf:type schema:Organization
    279 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7123.7 schema:alternateName Addis Ababa University
    280 schema:name Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, College of Health Science, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    281 Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, College of Health Science, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
    282 rdf:type schema:Organization
    283 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.7445.2 schema:alternateName Imperial College London
    284 schema:name Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, NTNU Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Edvard Griegs Gate, NO-7491, Trondheim, Norway
    285 Division of Brain Sciences, Imperial College London, London, UK
    286 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...