The effects of watering on cambial activity in the stems of evergreen hardwood (Samanea saman) during the pre-monsoon season in ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2022-08-12

AUTHORS

Md Hasnat Rahman, Shahanara Begum, Widyanto Dwi Nugroho, Satoshi Nakaba, Ryo Funada

ABSTRACT

Water stress has a significant impact on tree growth. However, the effects of watering on cambial activity and its influence on tree growth in subtropical climates is poorly understood. The present study analyzed the cambial activity on the stem of evergreen hardwood Samanea saman in response to either high frequency or low frequency watering during the pre-monsoon season in subtropical Bangladesh. We used two groups of seedlings: one group of seedlings was watered daily (high frequency watering), while the second group of seedlings was watered at 4–5-day intervals (low frequency watering). Samples for sequential observations of cambial activity by microscopy were collected from the main stems of seedlings of both groups. At the start of the experiment on March 25, 2015, during the pre-monsoon season, the cambium was inactive with no evidence of cell division. After 10 days of high frequency watering, cambial cell division and xylem differentiation were initiated. New cell plates were formed in the phloem side of the cambium. However, the cambium was inactive when low frequency watering was supplied. Supplying water in high frequency reactivated the cambium with forming small to large vessels. In contrast, the cambium remained inactive when low frequency watering was supplied throughout the experiment. These results suggest that continuous supply of water to the soil is one of the most important factors for cambial reactivation during pre-monsoon season in subtropical trees. Furthermore, our findings of artificial watering treatments might help to better understand the response of cambium to changes in precipitation patterns under natural conditions, allowing us to learn more about how cambium of subtropical trees responds to climate change. More... »

PAGES

47

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2020-08-31. Winter-spring temperature pattern is closely related to the onset of cambial reactivation in stems of the evergreen conifer Chamaecyparis pisifera in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
  • 2012-10-23. Seasonal cambial activity of five tropical tree species in central Thailand in TREES
  • 1999-11. Effect of the water status within a tree on tracheid morphogenesis in Cryptomeria japonica D. Don in TREES
  • 2015-09-23. Cambial dormancy induced growth rings in Heritiera fomes Buch.- Ham.: a proxy for exploring the dynamics of Sundarbans, Bangladesh in TREES
  • 2012-09-27. Dendrochronology in Southeast Asia in TREES
  • 2004-03-12. Cellular changes associated with rest and quiescence in winter-dormant vascular cambium of Pinus contorta in TREES
  • Identifiers

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    27 schema:description Water stress has a significant impact on tree growth. However, the effects of watering on cambial activity and its influence on tree growth in subtropical climates is poorly understood. The present study analyzed the cambial activity on the stem of evergreen hardwood Samanea saman in response to either high frequency or low frequency watering during the pre-monsoon season in subtropical Bangladesh. We used two groups of seedlings: one group of seedlings was watered daily (high frequency watering), while the second group of seedlings was watered at 4–5-day intervals (low frequency watering). Samples for sequential observations of cambial activity by microscopy were collected from the main stems of seedlings of both groups. At the start of the experiment on March 25, 2015, during the pre-monsoon season, the cambium was inactive with no evidence of cell division. After 10 days of high frequency watering, cambial cell division and xylem differentiation were initiated. New cell plates were formed in the phloem side of the cambium. However, the cambium was inactive when low frequency watering was supplied. Supplying water in high frequency reactivated the cambium with forming small to large vessels. In contrast, the cambium remained inactive when low frequency watering was supplied throughout the experiment. These results suggest that continuous supply of water to the soil is one of the most important factors for cambial reactivation during pre-monsoon season in subtropical trees. Furthermore, our findings of artificial watering treatments might help to better understand the response of cambium to changes in precipitation patterns under natural conditions, allowing us to learn more about how cambium of subtropical trees responds to climate change.
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    34 Samanea saman
    35 activity
    36 cambial activity
    37 cambial cell division
    38 cambial reactivation
    39 cambium
    40 cell division
    41 cell plate
    42 changes
    43 climate
    44 conditions
    45 continuous supply
    46 contrast
    47 days
    48 differentiation
    49 division
    50 effect
    51 effect of watering
    52 evergreen hardwoods
    53 evidence
    54 experiments
    55 factors
    56 findings
    57 frequency
    58 group
    59 groups of seedlings
    60 growth
    61 hardwoods
    62 high frequency
    63 impact
    64 important factor
    65 influence
    66 interval
    67 large vessels
    68 main stem
    69 microscopy
    70 natural conditions
    71 new cell plate
    72 observations
    73 patterns
    74 phloem side
    75 plate
    76 pre-monsoon season
    77 precipitation patterns
    78 present study
    79 reactivation
    80 response
    81 results
    82 saman
    83 samples
    84 season
    85 second group
    86 seedlings
    87 sequential observations
    88 side
    89 significant impact
    90 soil
    91 start
    92 stem
    93 stress
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    95 subtropical climate
    96 subtropical trees
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    99 tree growth
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    107 schema:name The effects of watering on cambial activity in the stems of evergreen hardwood (Samanea saman) during the pre-monsoon season in subtropical Bangladesh
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