Global analysis of X-chromosome dosage compensation View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2006-02

AUTHORS

Vaijayanti Gupta, Michael Parisi, David Sturgill, Rachel Nuttall, Michael Doctolero, Olga K Dudko, James D Malley, P Scott Eastman, Brian Oliver

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Drosophila melanogaster females have two X chromosomes and two autosome sets (XX;AA), while males have a single X chromosome and two autosome sets (X;AA). Drosophila male somatic cells compensate for a single copy of the X chromosome by deploying male-specific-lethal (MSL) complexes that increase transcription from the X chromosome. Male germ cells lack MSL complexes, indicating that either germline X-chromosome dosage compensation is MSL-independent, or that germ cells do not carry out dosage compensation. RESULTS: To investigate whether dosage compensation occurs in germ cells, we directly assayed X-chromosome transcripts using DNA microarrays and show equivalent expression in XX;AA and X;AA germline tissues. In X;AA germ cells, expression from the single X chromosome is about twice that of a single autosome. This mechanism ensures balanced X-chromosome expression between the sexes and, more importantly, it ensures balanced expression between the single X chromosome and the autosome set. Oddly, the inactivation of an X chromosome in mammalian females reduces the effective X-chromosome dose and means that females face the same X-chromosome transcript deficiency as males. Contrary to most current dosage-compensation models, we also show increased X-chromosome expression in X;AA and XX;AA somatic cells of Caenorhabditis elegans and mice. CONCLUSION: Drosophila germ cells compensate for X-chromosome dose. This occurs by equilibrating X-chromosome and autosome expression in X;AA cells. Increased expression of the X chromosome in X;AA individuals appears to be phylogenetically conserved. More... »

PAGES

3

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/jbiol30

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/jbiol30

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006105526

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16507155


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