Distribution, functional impact, and origin mechanisms of copy number variation in the barley genome View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2013-06

AUTHORS

María Muñoz-Amatriaín, Steven R Eichten, Thomas Wicker, Todd A Richmond, Martin Mascher, Burkhard Steuernagel, Uwe Scholz, Ruvini Ariyadasa, Manuel Spannagl, Thomas Nussbaumer, Klaus FX Mayer, Stefan Taudien, Matthias Platzer, Jeffrey A Jeddeloh, Nathan M Springer, Gary J Muehlbauer, Nils Stein

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence for the prevalence of copy number variation (CNV) and its role in phenotypic variation in many eukaryotic species. Here we use array comparative genomic hybridization to explore the extent of this type of structural variation in domesticated barley cultivars and wild barleys. RESULTS: A collection of 14 barley genotypes including eight cultivars and six wild barleys were used for comparative genomic hybridization. CNV affects 14.9% of all the sequences that were assessed. Higher levels of CNV diversity are present in the wild accessions relative to cultivated barley. CNVs are enriched near the ends of all chromosomes except 4H, which exhibits the lowest frequency of CNVs. CNV affects 9.5% of the coding sequences represented on the array and the genes affected by CNV are enriched for sequences annotated as disease-resistance proteins and protein kinases. Sequence-based comparisons of CNV between cultivars Barke and Morex provided evidence that DNA repair mechanisms of double-strand breaks via single-stranded annealing and synthesis-dependent strand annealing play an important role in the origin of CNV in barley. CONCLUSIONS: We present the first catalog of CNVs in a diploid Triticeae species, which opens the door for future genome diversity research in a tribe that comprises the economically important cereal species wheat, barley, and rye. Our findings constitute a valuable resource for the identification of CNV affecting genes of agronomic importance. We also identify potential mechanisms that can generate variation in copy number in plant genomes. More... »

PAGES

r58

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/gb-2013-14-6-r58

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/gb-2013-14-6-r58

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031510996

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23758725


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