Complete Columbian mammoth mitogenome suggests interbreeding with woolly mammoths View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2011-05

AUTHORS

Jacob Enk, Alison Devault, Regis Debruyne, Christine E King, Todd Treangen, Dennis O'Rourke, Steven L Salzberg, Daniel Fisher, Ross MacPhee, Hendrik Poinar

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Late Pleistocene North America hosted at least two divergent and ecologically distinct species of mammoth: the periglacial woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) and the subglacial Columbian mammoth (Mammuthus columbi). To date, mammoth genetic research has been entirely restricted to woolly mammoths, rendering their genetic evolution difficult to contextualize within broader Pleistocene paleoecology and biogeography. Here, we take an interspecific approach to clarifying mammoth phylogeny by targeting Columbian mammoth remains for mitogenomic sequencing. RESULTS: We sequenced the first complete mitochondrial genome of a classic Columbian mammoth, as well as the first complete mitochondrial genome of a North American woolly mammoth. Somewhat contrary to conventional paleontological models, which posit that the two species were highly divergent, the M. columbi mitogenome we obtained falls securely within a subclade of endemic North American M. primigenius. CONCLUSIONS: Though limited, our data suggest that the two species interbred at some point in their evolutionary histories. One potential explanation is that woolly mammoth haplotypes entered Columbian mammoth populations via introgression at subglacial ecotones, a scenario with compelling parallels in extant elephants and consistent with certain regional paleontological observations. This highlights the need for multi-genomic data to sufficiently characterize mammoth evolutionary history. Our results demonstrate that the use of next-generation sequencing technologies holds promise in obtaining such data, even from non-cave, non-permafrost Pleistocene depositional contexts. More... »

PAGES

r51

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/gb-2011-12-5-r51

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/gb-2011-12-5-r51

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050191938

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21627792


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0604", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Genetics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Biological Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Animals", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Biological Evolution", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "DNA, Mitochondrial", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Elephants", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Extinction, Biological", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Fossils", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Genome, Mitochondrial", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Genomics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Haplotypes", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Mammoths", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "North America", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Phylogeny", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Phylogeography", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Sequence Analysis, DNA", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "South America", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "McMaster University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.25073.33", 
          "name": [
            "McMaster Ancient DNA Centre, Department of Anthropology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, L8S 4L9, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Enk", 
        "givenName": "Jacob", 
        "id": "sg:person.01207123576.96", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01207123576.96"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "McMaster University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.25073.33", 
          "name": [
            "McMaster Ancient DNA Centre, Department of Anthropology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, L8S 4L9, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Devault", 
        "givenName": "Alison", 
        "id": "sg:person.01057437460.01", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01057437460.01"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National Museum of Natural History", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410350.3", 
          "name": [
            "McMaster Ancient DNA Centre, Department of Anthropology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, L8S 4L9, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada", 
            "Mus\u00e9um national d'Histoire naturelle, UMR 7206 Eco-anthropologie, Equipe \"g\u00e9n\u00e9tique des populations humaines\" 57 rue Cuvier, CP139, 75231, Paris Cedex 05, France"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Debruyne", 
        "givenName": "Regis", 
        "id": "sg:person.01060425275.79", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01060425275.79"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "McMaster University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.25073.33", 
          "name": [
            "McMaster Ancient DNA Centre, Department of Anthropology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, L8S 4L9, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "King", 
        "givenName": "Christine E", 
        "id": "sg:person.0740116430.45", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0740116430.45"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Maryland, College Park", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.164295.d", 
          "name": [
            "Center for Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, 3115 Biomolecular Sciences Bldg #296, University of Maryland, 20742, College Park, MD, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Treangen", 
        "givenName": "Todd", 
        "id": "sg:person.01261673253.41", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01261673253.41"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Utah", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.223827.e", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Anthropology, University of Utah, 270 S. 1400 East Room 102, 84112-0060, Salt Lake City, UT, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "O'Rourke", 
        "givenName": "Dennis", 
        "id": "sg:person.01134512014.83", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01134512014.83"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Maryland, College Park", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.164295.d", 
          "name": [
            "Center for Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, 3115 Biomolecular Sciences Bldg #296, University of Maryland, 20742, College Park, MD, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Salzberg", 
        "givenName": "Steven L", 
        "id": "sg:person.01223441713.02", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01223441713.02"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Michigan\u2013Ann Arbor", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.214458.e", 
          "name": [
            "Museum of Paleontology and Department of Geological Sciences, University of Michigan, 1109 Geddes Ave, 48109-1079, Ann Arbor, MI, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Fisher", 
        "givenName": "Daniel", 
        "id": "sg:person.016022374301.78", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016022374301.78"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "American Museum of Natural History", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.241963.b", 
          "name": [
            "Division of Vertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West @ 79th St, 10024, New York, NY, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "MacPhee", 
        "givenName": "Ross", 
        "id": "sg:person.01160135203.32", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01160135203.32"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "McMaster University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.25073.33", 
          "name": [
            "McMaster Ancient DNA Centre, Department of Anthropology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, L8S 4L9, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Poinar", 
        "givenName": "Hendrik", 
        "id": "sg:person.0676355246.40", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0676355246.40"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/gb-2008-9-3-r55", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003390143", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/gb-2008-9-3-r55"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature07446", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003406391", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature07446"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10164-005-0144-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003704972", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10164-005-0144-8"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10164-005-0144-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003704972", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10164-005-0144-8"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2004.04.011", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003724894"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-294x.1999.00661.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007911693"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0920-5446(08)70078-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008653055"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmeth.1358", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008886215", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmeth.1358"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nmeth.1358", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008886215", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nmeth.1358"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2148-7-214", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010584451", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-7-214"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2008.1494", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011044741"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2008.12.019", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011616518"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.genet.37.110801.143214", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014567048"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature04432", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014777217", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04432"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature04432", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014777217", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04432"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature04432", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014777217", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04432"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.27.1.83", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016600917"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkp159", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017604744"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/gb-2007-8-3-r34", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019753941", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/gb-2007-8-3-r34"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-294x.2002.01615.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020289820"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1742-9994-3-11", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020979005", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1742-9994-3-11"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1188046", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020995997"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1188046", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020995997"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature05336", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022286131", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature05336"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature05336", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022286131", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature05336"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature05336", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022286131", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature05336"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2004.04.014", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022400834"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/gb-2004-5-2-r12", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022585853", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/gb-2004-5-2-r12"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s0022336000024999", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022912784"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/bib/5.3.237", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023658419"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.0040073", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024104985"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.0040073", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024104985"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msi145", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024135269"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0802315105", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024667673"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-5347(01)02290-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025387924"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.0050207", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029205478"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014004", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031804493"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3390/genes1020227", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034017932"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2007.05.035", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035446422"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ng1485", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035536216", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/ng1485"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/ng1485", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035536216", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/ng1485"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yqres.2008.04.008", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042868167"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2008.07.061", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043395348"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2004.04.016", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046253341"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msn083", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048530400"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0934-8832(11)80082-x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049300923"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000564", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049638275"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2010.0301", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051162618"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-0031.2004.00044.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053193247"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-0031.2004.00044.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053193247"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/syp028", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060048372"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1056370", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062444296"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1059936", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062444566"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1113485", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062452286"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1123360", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062453436"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2410325", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069919184"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/1006229", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1102508073"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.22237/elephant/1521732169", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103314215"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.22237/elephant1521732173/", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103314249"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2011-05", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2011-05-01", 
    "description": "BACKGROUND: Late Pleistocene North America hosted at least two divergent and ecologically distinct species of mammoth: the periglacial woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) and the subglacial Columbian mammoth (Mammuthus columbi). To date, mammoth genetic research has been entirely restricted to woolly mammoths, rendering their genetic evolution difficult to contextualize within broader Pleistocene paleoecology and biogeography. Here, we take an interspecific approach to clarifying mammoth phylogeny by targeting Columbian mammoth remains for mitogenomic sequencing.\nRESULTS: We sequenced the first complete mitochondrial genome of a classic Columbian mammoth, as well as the first complete mitochondrial genome of a North American woolly mammoth. Somewhat contrary to conventional paleontological models, which posit that the two species were highly divergent, the M. columbi mitogenome we obtained falls securely within a subclade of endemic North American M. primigenius.\nCONCLUSIONS: Though limited, our data suggest that the two species interbred at some point in their evolutionary histories. One potential explanation is that woolly mammoth haplotypes entered Columbian mammoth populations via introgression at subglacial ecotones, a scenario with compelling parallels in extant elephants and consistent with certain regional paleontological observations. This highlights the need for multi-genomic data to sufficiently characterize mammoth evolutionary history. Our results demonstrate that the use of next-generation sequencing technologies holds promise in obtaining such data, even from non-cave, non-permafrost Pleistocene depositional contexts.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/gb-2011-12-5-r51", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isFundedItemOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.2529453", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.3049611", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.2529425", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.2901417", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.2519905", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }
    ], 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1023439", 
        "issn": [
          "1474-760X", 
          "1465-6906"
        ], 
        "name": "Genome Biology", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "5", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "12"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Complete Columbian mammoth mitogenome suggests interbreeding with woolly mammoths", 
    "pagination": "r51", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "ef1968895365e1f92c9a80a18bdd0f509bd6f96d617e62bb895063f23caac854"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "21627792"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "100960660"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1186/gb-2011-12-5-r51"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1050191938"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1186/gb-2011-12-5-r51", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050191938"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T13:25", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8659_00000551.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fgb-2011-12-5-r51"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/gb-2011-12-5-r51'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/gb-2011-12-5-r51'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/gb-2011-12-5-r51'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/gb-2011-12-5-r51'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

376 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      93 URIs      36 LITERALS      24 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1186/gb-2011-12-5-r51 schema:about N04c85a254b47426391be495645f57d77
2 N09daf44b39f24c64afe7536e7dda1704
3 N18edc4a0f0b148efac73e0647dfb478c
4 N2cc26914755f437ebc6b7795e1d5044c
5 N34082fddb11545609ce43f78d93b2c02
6 N4ee2e135f520433e8c8f39995262d990
7 N6600a5c618584a13b07c491506c8c9a7
8 N6efcaec0d4ff4e5da7dd64381c0a106c
9 N92e632aa0c174d07b4e3454e0b921aa9
10 Nb79aa64dd0d846f690d02fcf7eb8e91f
11 Nc7372f3054474756892538c9e7efbd03
12 Nd90630ececea45e9a85020f2a360aae4
13 Ne4a0f8257dbe4f72bac20709fe0b1785
14 Nebd62735ace14abb8751d530328487c8
15 Nfe6a001dfee4485d9b4501f4da0fc154
16 anzsrc-for:06
17 anzsrc-for:0604
18 schema:author N96981f20a55d4293b95b31b0988bf17d
19 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s10164-005-0144-8
20 sg:pub.10.1038/nature04432
21 sg:pub.10.1038/nature05336
22 sg:pub.10.1038/nature07446
23 sg:pub.10.1038/ng1485
24 sg:pub.10.1038/nmeth.1358
25 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2148-7-214
26 sg:pub.10.1186/1742-9994-3-11
27 sg:pub.10.1186/gb-2004-5-2-r12
28 sg:pub.10.1186/gb-2007-8-3-r34
29 sg:pub.10.1186/gb-2008-9-3-r55
30 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2007.05.035
31 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2008.07.061
32 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2008.12.019
33 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2004.04.011
34 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2004.04.014
35 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2004.04.016
36 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yqres.2008.04.008
37 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-5347(01)02290-x
38 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0920-5446(08)70078-5
39 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0934-8832(11)80082-x
40 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0022336000024999
41 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-294x.1999.00661.x
42 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-294x.2002.01615.x
43 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0802315105
44 https://doi.org/10.1093/bib/5.3.237
45 https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msi145
46 https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msn083
47 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkp159
48 https://doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/syp028
49 https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2008.1494
50 https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2010.0301
51 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-0031.2004.00044.x
52 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1056370
53 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1059936
54 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1113485
55 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1123360
56 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1188046
57 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.27.1.83
58 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.genet.37.110801.143214
59 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.0040073
60 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.0050207
61 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000564
62 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014004
63 https://doi.org/10.22237/elephant/1521732169
64 https://doi.org/10.22237/elephant1521732173/
65 https://doi.org/10.2307/1006229
66 https://doi.org/10.2307/2410325
67 https://doi.org/10.3390/genes1020227
68 schema:datePublished 2011-05
69 schema:datePublishedReg 2011-05-01
70 schema:description BACKGROUND: Late Pleistocene North America hosted at least two divergent and ecologically distinct species of mammoth: the periglacial woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) and the subglacial Columbian mammoth (Mammuthus columbi). To date, mammoth genetic research has been entirely restricted to woolly mammoths, rendering their genetic evolution difficult to contextualize within broader Pleistocene paleoecology and biogeography. Here, we take an interspecific approach to clarifying mammoth phylogeny by targeting Columbian mammoth remains for mitogenomic sequencing. RESULTS: We sequenced the first complete mitochondrial genome of a classic Columbian mammoth, as well as the first complete mitochondrial genome of a North American woolly mammoth. Somewhat contrary to conventional paleontological models, which posit that the two species were highly divergent, the M. columbi mitogenome we obtained falls securely within a subclade of endemic North American M. primigenius. CONCLUSIONS: Though limited, our data suggest that the two species interbred at some point in their evolutionary histories. One potential explanation is that woolly mammoth haplotypes entered Columbian mammoth populations via introgression at subglacial ecotones, a scenario with compelling parallels in extant elephants and consistent with certain regional paleontological observations. This highlights the need for multi-genomic data to sufficiently characterize mammoth evolutionary history. Our results demonstrate that the use of next-generation sequencing technologies holds promise in obtaining such data, even from non-cave, non-permafrost Pleistocene depositional contexts.
71 schema:genre research_article
72 schema:inLanguage en
73 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
74 schema:isPartOf N4cc3a2b613b24d0f997e3878754b0fb0
75 Nfaca2473b1a94d2f99ebfa7fe798f1e9
76 sg:journal.1023439
77 schema:name Complete Columbian mammoth mitogenome suggests interbreeding with woolly mammoths
78 schema:pagination r51
79 schema:productId N7781541f08384dc38b3d84dc5db495ba
80 Nbc5dad12697946109f6972296717f83b
81 Ncf7d7535ca1a4a91b908767b764e9e9b
82 Nd87f93c9b9b84883bb7908912387efa4
83 Nff008141ee274fcd9336ecab915dbd17
84 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050191938
85 https://doi.org/10.1186/gb-2011-12-5-r51
86 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T13:25
87 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
88 schema:sdPublisher N277e1887ad11476f8a6105e1c1bc2ae7
89 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1186%2Fgb-2011-12-5-r51
90 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
91 sgo:sdDataset articles
92 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
93 N04c85a254b47426391be495645f57d77 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
94 schema:name DNA, Mitochondrial
95 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
96 N09daf44b39f24c64afe7536e7dda1704 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
97 schema:name Mammoths
98 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
99 N1696fa88e0094cd2bf365b551695c8e7 rdf:first sg:person.01060425275.79
100 rdf:rest Ne19b4807e9164c7daa52b9d39a879c86
101 N18edc4a0f0b148efac73e0647dfb478c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
102 schema:name Phylogeography
103 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
104 N277e1887ad11476f8a6105e1c1bc2ae7 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
105 rdf:type schema:Organization
106 N2cc26914755f437ebc6b7795e1d5044c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
107 schema:name North America
108 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
109 N34082fddb11545609ce43f78d93b2c02 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
110 schema:name Phylogeny
111 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
112 N4cc3a2b613b24d0f997e3878754b0fb0 schema:volumeNumber 12
113 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
114 N4ee2e135f520433e8c8f39995262d990 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
115 schema:name Haplotypes
116 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
117 N56db068dddd24aeda954ae87d444fec7 rdf:first sg:person.016022374301.78
118 rdf:rest Ndfcf1dfc0a3f447a9834ae57834a3d8f
119 N5b91540af0664581bd42a745527cc165 rdf:first sg:person.01134512014.83
120 rdf:rest N69664a9791a6489f84d8af143dbb0cd9
121 N6600a5c618584a13b07c491506c8c9a7 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
122 schema:name Elephants
123 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
124 N69664a9791a6489f84d8af143dbb0cd9 rdf:first sg:person.01223441713.02
125 rdf:rest N56db068dddd24aeda954ae87d444fec7
126 N6efcaec0d4ff4e5da7dd64381c0a106c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
127 schema:name Fossils
128 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
129 N705ed0bda2a644e59c716e791c4eca8e rdf:first sg:person.01261673253.41
130 rdf:rest N5b91540af0664581bd42a745527cc165
131 N7781541f08384dc38b3d84dc5db495ba schema:name doi
132 schema:value 10.1186/gb-2011-12-5-r51
133 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
134 N92e632aa0c174d07b4e3454e0b921aa9 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
135 schema:name Animals
136 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
137 N96981f20a55d4293b95b31b0988bf17d rdf:first sg:person.01207123576.96
138 rdf:rest Nc782a914fb7b40c6b8e8dc70c1f454e0
139 Nb79aa64dd0d846f690d02fcf7eb8e91f schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
140 schema:name Sequence Analysis, DNA
141 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
142 Nbc5dad12697946109f6972296717f83b schema:name dimensions_id
143 schema:value pub.1050191938
144 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
145 Nc7372f3054474756892538c9e7efbd03 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
146 schema:name Genome, Mitochondrial
147 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
148 Nc782a914fb7b40c6b8e8dc70c1f454e0 rdf:first sg:person.01057437460.01
149 rdf:rest N1696fa88e0094cd2bf365b551695c8e7
150 Nca75a26e49c74932b798649fe0a21eb7 rdf:first sg:person.0676355246.40
151 rdf:rest rdf:nil
152 Ncf7d7535ca1a4a91b908767b764e9e9b schema:name nlm_unique_id
153 schema:value 100960660
154 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
155 Nd87f93c9b9b84883bb7908912387efa4 schema:name readcube_id
156 schema:value ef1968895365e1f92c9a80a18bdd0f509bd6f96d617e62bb895063f23caac854
157 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
158 Nd90630ececea45e9a85020f2a360aae4 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
159 schema:name Biological Evolution
160 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
161 Ndfcf1dfc0a3f447a9834ae57834a3d8f rdf:first sg:person.01160135203.32
162 rdf:rest Nca75a26e49c74932b798649fe0a21eb7
163 Ne19b4807e9164c7daa52b9d39a879c86 rdf:first sg:person.0740116430.45
164 rdf:rest N705ed0bda2a644e59c716e791c4eca8e
165 Ne4a0f8257dbe4f72bac20709fe0b1785 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
166 schema:name Genomics
167 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
168 Nebd62735ace14abb8751d530328487c8 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
169 schema:name Extinction, Biological
170 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
171 Nfaca2473b1a94d2f99ebfa7fe798f1e9 schema:issueNumber 5
172 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
173 Nfe6a001dfee4485d9b4501f4da0fc154 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
174 schema:name South America
175 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
176 Nff008141ee274fcd9336ecab915dbd17 schema:name pubmed_id
177 schema:value 21627792
178 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
179 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
180 schema:name Biological Sciences
181 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
182 anzsrc-for:0604 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
183 schema:name Genetics
184 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
185 sg:grant.2519905 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1186/gb-2011-12-5-r51
186 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
187 sg:grant.2529425 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1186/gb-2011-12-5-r51
188 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
189 sg:grant.2529453 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1186/gb-2011-12-5-r51
190 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
191 sg:grant.2901417 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1186/gb-2011-12-5-r51
192 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
193 sg:grant.3049611 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1186/gb-2011-12-5-r51
194 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
195 sg:journal.1023439 schema:issn 1465-6906
196 1474-760X
197 schema:name Genome Biology
198 rdf:type schema:Periodical
199 sg:person.01057437460.01 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.25073.33
200 schema:familyName Devault
201 schema:givenName Alison
202 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01057437460.01
203 rdf:type schema:Person
204 sg:person.01060425275.79 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410350.3
205 schema:familyName Debruyne
206 schema:givenName Regis
207 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01060425275.79
208 rdf:type schema:Person
209 sg:person.01134512014.83 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.223827.e
210 schema:familyName O'Rourke
211 schema:givenName Dennis
212 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01134512014.83
213 rdf:type schema:Person
214 sg:person.01160135203.32 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.241963.b
215 schema:familyName MacPhee
216 schema:givenName Ross
217 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01160135203.32
218 rdf:type schema:Person
219 sg:person.01207123576.96 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.25073.33
220 schema:familyName Enk
221 schema:givenName Jacob
222 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01207123576.96
223 rdf:type schema:Person
224 sg:person.01223441713.02 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.164295.d
225 schema:familyName Salzberg
226 schema:givenName Steven L
227 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01223441713.02
228 rdf:type schema:Person
229 sg:person.01261673253.41 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.164295.d
230 schema:familyName Treangen
231 schema:givenName Todd
232 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01261673253.41
233 rdf:type schema:Person
234 sg:person.016022374301.78 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.214458.e
235 schema:familyName Fisher
236 schema:givenName Daniel
237 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016022374301.78
238 rdf:type schema:Person
239 sg:person.0676355246.40 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.25073.33
240 schema:familyName Poinar
241 schema:givenName Hendrik
242 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0676355246.40
243 rdf:type schema:Person
244 sg:person.0740116430.45 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.25073.33
245 schema:familyName King
246 schema:givenName Christine E
247 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0740116430.45
248 rdf:type schema:Person
249 sg:pub.10.1007/s10164-005-0144-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003704972
250 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10164-005-0144-8
251 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
252 sg:pub.10.1038/nature04432 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014777217
253 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature04432
254 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
255 sg:pub.10.1038/nature05336 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022286131
256 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature05336
257 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
258 sg:pub.10.1038/nature07446 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003406391
259 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature07446
260 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
261 sg:pub.10.1038/ng1485 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035536216
262 https://doi.org/10.1038/ng1485
263 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
264 sg:pub.10.1038/nmeth.1358 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008886215
265 https://doi.org/10.1038/nmeth.1358
266 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
267 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2148-7-214 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010584451
268 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-7-214
269 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
270 sg:pub.10.1186/1742-9994-3-11 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020979005
271 https://doi.org/10.1186/1742-9994-3-11
272 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
273 sg:pub.10.1186/gb-2004-5-2-r12 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022585853
274 https://doi.org/10.1186/gb-2004-5-2-r12
275 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
276 sg:pub.10.1186/gb-2007-8-3-r34 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019753941
277 https://doi.org/10.1186/gb-2007-8-3-r34
278 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
279 sg:pub.10.1186/gb-2008-9-3-r55 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003390143
280 https://doi.org/10.1186/gb-2008-9-3-r55
281 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
282 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2007.05.035 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035446422
283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
284 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2008.07.061 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043395348
285 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
286 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2008.12.019 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011616518
287 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
288 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2004.04.011 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003724894
289 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
290 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2004.04.014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022400834
291 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
292 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2004.04.016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046253341
293 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
294 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yqres.2008.04.008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042868167
295 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
296 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0169-5347(01)02290-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025387924
297 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
298 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0920-5446(08)70078-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008653055
299 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
300 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0934-8832(11)80082-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049300923
301 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
302 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0022336000024999 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022912784
303 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
304 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-294x.1999.00661.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007911693
305 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
306 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-294x.2002.01615.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020289820
307 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
308 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0802315105 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024667673
309 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
310 https://doi.org/10.1093/bib/5.3.237 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023658419
311 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
312 https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msi145 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024135269
313 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
314 https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msn083 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048530400
315 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
316 https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gkp159 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017604744
317 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
318 https://doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/syp028 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060048372
319 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
320 https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2008.1494 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011044741
321 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
322 https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2010.0301 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051162618
323 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
324 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-0031.2004.00044.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053193247
325 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
326 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1056370 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062444296
327 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
328 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1059936 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062444566
329 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
330 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1113485 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062452286
331 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
332 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1123360 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062453436
333 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
334 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1188046 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020995997
335 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
336 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.27.1.83 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016600917
337 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
338 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.genet.37.110801.143214 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014567048
339 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
340 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.0040073 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024104985
341 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
342 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.0050207 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029205478
343 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
344 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.1000564 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049638275
345 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
346 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0014004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031804493
347 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
348 https://doi.org/10.22237/elephant/1521732169 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103314215
349 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
350 https://doi.org/10.22237/elephant1521732173/ schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103314249
351 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
352 https://doi.org/10.2307/1006229 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1102508073
353 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
354 https://doi.org/10.2307/2410325 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069919184
355 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
356 https://doi.org/10.3390/genes1020227 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034017932
357 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
358 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.164295.d schema:alternateName University of Maryland, College Park
359 schema:name Center for Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, 3115 Biomolecular Sciences Bldg #296, University of Maryland, 20742, College Park, MD, USA
360 rdf:type schema:Organization
361 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.214458.e schema:alternateName University of Michigan–Ann Arbor
362 schema:name Museum of Paleontology and Department of Geological Sciences, University of Michigan, 1109 Geddes Ave, 48109-1079, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
363 rdf:type schema:Organization
364 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.223827.e schema:alternateName University of Utah
365 schema:name Department of Anthropology, University of Utah, 270 S. 1400 East Room 102, 84112-0060, Salt Lake City, UT, USA
366 rdf:type schema:Organization
367 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.241963.b schema:alternateName American Museum of Natural History
368 schema:name Division of Vertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West @ 79th St, 10024, New York, NY, USA
369 rdf:type schema:Organization
370 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.25073.33 schema:alternateName McMaster University
371 schema:name McMaster Ancient DNA Centre, Department of Anthropology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, L8S 4L9, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
372 rdf:type schema:Organization
373 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410350.3 schema:alternateName National Museum of Natural History
374 schema:name McMaster Ancient DNA Centre, Department of Anthropology, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, L8S 4L9, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
375 Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, UMR 7206 Eco-anthropologie, Equipe "génétique des populations humaines" 57 rue Cuvier, CP139, 75231, Paris Cedex 05, France
376 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...