A viscoelastic model of interseismic strain concentration in Niigata-Kobe Tectonic Zone of central Japan View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2003-11

AUTHORS

Mamoru Hyodo, Kazuro Hirahara

ABSTRACT

The high strain rates of the Niigata-Kobe Tectonic Zone (NKTZ) of central Japan have been simulated using a viscoelastic finite element model of great interplate earthquake cycles that includes the subducting Pacific plate and lateral changes in crustal structure beneath NKTZ. As a result of long-term loading at trenches, the elastic crust over a viscoelastic mantle can transfer stress or strain rate not only as an average of geological time scales, but also during an interplate earthquake cycle. Thus, if the earthquake cycle is several times longer than the relaxation time of the viscoelastic system, deformation of an inland area far from trenches responds to the cycles of interplate earthquakes, and the crust deforms like an elastic sheet during the later stage of an earthquake cycle, allowing efficient transmission of stress during this period. Therefore, in the case of long interplate earthquake cycle, the NKTZ crustal structure with small thickness and rigidity enhances local interseismic strain concentration there. The “plate coupling ratio” (0.4∼0.5) between Pacific and Amurian plates and local crustal heterogeneity beneath the high strain rate zone explain the large strain rate belt if the earthquake cycle offshore Kanto is enough long. More... »

PAGES

667-675

References to SciGraph publications

Journal

TITLE

Earth, Planets and Space

ISSUE

11

VOLUME

55

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/bf03352473

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/bf03352473

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030720663


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