HER3 and downstream pathways are involved in colonization of brain metastases from breast cancer View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2010-08

AUTHORS

Leonard Da Silva, Peter T Simpson, Chanel E Smart, Sibylle Cocciardi, Nic Waddell, Annette Lane, Brian J Morrison, Ana Cristina Vargas, Sue Healey, Jonathan Beesley, Pria Pakkiri, Suzanne Parry, Nyoman Kurniawan, Lynne Reid, Patricia Keith, Paulo Faria, Emilio Pereira, Alena Skalova, Michael Bilous, Rosemary L Balleine, Hongdo Do, Alexander Dobrovic, Stephen Fox, Marcello Franco, Brent Reynolds, Kum Kum Khanna, Margaret Cummings, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Sunil R Lakhani

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Metastases to the brain from breast cancer have a high mortality, and basal-like breast cancers have a propensity for brain metastases. However, the mechanisms that allow cells to colonize the brain are unclear. METHODS: We used morphology, immunohistochemistry, gene expression and somatic mutation profiling to analyze 39 matched pairs of primary breast cancers and brain metastases, 22 unmatched brain metastases of breast cancer, 11 non-breast brain metastases and 6 autopsy cases of patients with breast cancer metastases to multiple sites, including the brain. RESULTS: Most brain metastases were triple negative and basal-like. The brain metastases over-expressed one or more members of the HER family and in particular HER3 was significantly over-expressed relative to matched primary tumors. Brain metastases from breast and other primary sites, and metastases to multiple organs in the autopsied cases, also contained somatic mutations in EGFR, HRAS, KRAS, NRAS or PIK3CA. This paralleled the frequent activation of AKT and MAPK pathways. In particular, activation of the MAPK pathway was increased in the brain metastases compared to the primary tumors. CONCLUSIONS: Deregulated HER family receptors, particularly HER3, and their downstream pathways are implicated in colonization of brain metastasis. The need for HER family receptors to dimerize for activation suggests that tumors may be susceptible to combinations of anti-HER family inhibitors, and may even be effective in the absence of HER2 amplification (that is, in triple negative/basal cancers). However, the presence of activating mutations in PIK3CA, HRAS, KRAS and NRAS suggests the necessity for also specifically targeting downstream molecules. More... »

PAGES

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References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/bcr2603

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/bcr2603

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013744078

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20604919


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