Climate and health in Africa View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2014-06-17

AUTHORS

Madeleine C Thomson, Simon Mason, Barbara Platzer, Abere Mihretie, Judy Omumbo, Gilma Mantilla, Pietro Ceccato, Michel Jancloes, Stephen Connor

ABSTRACT

This paper describes the work of the International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI) and its partners towards the development of climate services for the health sector in Africa; integrating research, operational applications and capacity building alongside policy development and advocacy. It follows the evolution of IRI’s health work from an initial focus on the use of seasonal climate forecasts to a wider agenda serving climate and environmental information needs to a broad range of health-related users. Recognizing that climate information must be relevant to the priority policy and programming needs of national and international health stakeholders, this review highlights an approach that has centered not only on the assessment and creation of evidence, but also on knowledge transfer through engagement with decision-makers. Current opportunities and priorities identified for the routine use of climate and environmental information in health in Africa include: i) understanding mechanisms by which climate impacts on transmission and occurrence of disease; ii) mapping populations at risk both in space and by season; iii) developing early warning systems; iv) understanding the contributions of climate to trends in disease incidence v) improving the evaluation of the impacts of climate-sensitive interventions.While traditional metrics (e.g. peer review publications) have been important in establishing evidence for policy, the IRI’s role as a knowledge broker (in research and professional capacity building, facilitation of communities of practice, and engagement in policy dialogue at local and global scale) has been critical to delivery of its mission. More... »

PAGES

17

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2013-05-08. A Climate and Health Partnership to Inform the Prevention and Control of Meningoccocal Meningitis in Sub-Saharan Africa: The MERIT Initiative in CLIMATE SCIENCE FOR SERVING SOCIETY
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  • 2008. Climate and Infectious Diseases in SEASONAL FORECASTS, CLIMATIC CHANGE AND HUMAN HEALTH
  • 2011-01-17. Raised temperatures over the Kericho tea estates: revisiting the climate in the East African highlands malaria debate in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2012-08-03. The Role of Weather in Meningitis Outbreaks in Navrongo, Ghana: A Generalized Additive Modeling Approach in JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL, BIOLOGICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL STATISTICS
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  • 2004-10-22. Improving epidemic malaria planning, preparedness and response in Southern Africa in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2012-09-17. Analysis of malaria surveillance data in Ethiopia: what can be learned from the Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response System? in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2008-12-24. Improving the cost-effectiveness of IRS with climate informed health surveillance systems in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2006-05-11. Web-based climate information resources for malaria control in Africa in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2014-06-17. Meningitis and climate: from science to practice in EARTH PERSPECTIVES
  • 2013-12-20. Malaria control in Botswana, 2008–2012: the path towards elimination in MALARIA JOURNAL
  • 2001-02. Global-Scale Relationships between Climate and the Dengue Fever Vector, Aedes Aegypti in CLIMATIC CHANGE
  • 2006-02. Malaria early warnings based on seasonal climate forecasts from multi-model ensembles in NATURE
  • 2014-06-17. Bridging critical gaps in climate services and applications in africa in EARTH PERSPECTIVES
  • 2008-07-02. Relationships between climate and year-to-year variability in meningitis outbreaks: A case study in Burkina Faso and Niger in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEALTH GEOGRAPHICS
  • 2013-11-20. Policy: Twenty tips for interpreting scientific claims in NATURE
  • 2010-03-21. Decadal predictions in demand in NATURE GEOSCIENCE
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    25 schema:description This paper describes the work of the International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI) and its partners towards the development of climate services for the health sector in Africa; integrating research, operational applications and capacity building alongside policy development and advocacy. It follows the evolution of IRI’s health work from an initial focus on the use of seasonal climate forecasts to a wider agenda serving climate and environmental information needs to a broad range of health-related users. Recognizing that climate information must be relevant to the priority policy and programming needs of national and international health stakeholders, this review highlights an approach that has centered not only on the assessment and creation of evidence, but also on knowledge transfer through engagement with decision-makers. Current opportunities and priorities identified for the routine use of climate and environmental information in health in Africa include: i) understanding mechanisms by which climate impacts on transmission and occurrence of disease; ii) mapping populations at risk both in space and by season; iii) developing early warning systems; iv) understanding the contributions of climate to trends in disease incidence v) improving the evaluation of the impacts of climate-sensitive interventions.While traditional metrics (e.g. peer review publications) have been important in establishing evidence for policy, the IRI’s role as a knowledge broker (in research and professional capacity building, facilitation of communities of practice, and engagement in policy dialogue at local and global scale) has been critical to delivery of its mission.
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