Overexpression of MRP4 (ABCC4) and MRP5 (ABCC5) confer resistance to the nucleoside analogs cytarabine and troxacitabine, but not gemcitabine View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2014-12

AUTHORS

Auke D Adema, Karijn Floor, Kees Smid, Richard J Honeywell, George L Scheffer, Gerrit Jansen, Godefridus J Peters

ABSTRACT

We aimed to determine whether the multidrug-resistance-proteins MRP4 (ABCC4) and MRP5 (ABCC5) confer resistance to the antimetabolites cytarabine (Ara-C), gemcitabine (GEM), and the L-nucleoside analog troxacitabine. For this purpose we used HEK293 and the transfected HEK/MRP4 (59-fold increased MRP4) or HEK/MRP5i (991-fold increased MRP5) as model systems and tested the cells for drug sensitivity using a proliferation test. Drug accumulation was performed by using radioactive Ara-C, and for GEM and troxacitabine with HPLC with tandem-MS or UV detection. At 4-hr exposure HEK/MRP4 cells were 2-4-fold resistant to troxacitabine, ara-C and 9-(2-phosphonylmethoxyethyl)adenine (PMEA), and HEK/MRP5i to ara-C and PMEA, but none to GEM. The inhibitors probenecid and indomethacin reversed resistance. After 4-hr exposure ara-C-nucleotides were 2-3-fold lower in MRP4/5 cells, in which they decreased more rapidly after washing with drug-free medium (DFM). Trocacitabine accumulation was similar in the 3 cell lines, but after the DFM period troxacitabine decreased 2-4-fold faster in MRP4/5 cells. Troxacitabine-nucleotides were about 25% lower in MRP4/5 cells and decreased rapidly in MRP4, but not in MRP5 cells. Accumulation of GEM-nucleotides was higher in the MRP4/5 cells. IN CONCLUSION: MRP4 and MRP5 overexpression confer resistance to troxacitabine and ara-C, but not to GEM, which was associated with a rapid decline of the ara-C and troxacitabine-nucleotides in HEK/MRP4-5 cells. More... »

PAGES

732

References to SciGraph publications

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/2193-1801-3-732

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/2193-1801-3-732

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050343769

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25674464


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