LKB1 is a central regulator of tumor initiation and pro-growth metabolism in ErbB2-mediated breast cancer View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2013-12

AUTHORS

Fanny Dupuy, Takla Griss, Julianna Blagih, Gäelle Bridon, Daina Avizonis, Chen Ling, Zhifeng Dong, Doris R Siwak, Matthew G Annis, Gordon B Mills, William J Muller, Peter M Siegel, Russell G Jones

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Germline and somatic mutations in STK11, the gene encoding the serine/threonine kinase LKB1, are strongly associated with tumorigenesis. While loss of LKB1 expression has been linked to breast cancer, the mechanistic role of LKB1 in regulating breast cancer development, metastasis, and tumor metabolism has remained unclear. METHODS: We have generated and analyzed transgenic mice expressing ErbB2 in the mammary epithelium of LKB1 wild-type or LKB1-deficient mice. We have also utilized ErbB2-expressing breast cancer cells in which LKB1 levels have been reduced using shRNA approaches. These transgenic and xenograft models were characterized for the effects of LKB1 loss on tumor initiation, growth, metastasis and tumor cell metabolism. RESULTS: We demonstrate that loss of LKB1 promotes tumor initiation and induces a characteristic shift to aerobic glycolysis ('Warburg effect') in a model of ErbB2-mediated breast cancer. LKB1-deficient breast cancer cells display enhanced early tumor growth coupled with increased cell migratory and invasive properties in vitro. We show that ErbB2-positive tumors deficient for LKB1 display a pro-growth molecular and phenotypic signature characterized by elevated Akt/mTOR signaling, increased glycolytic metabolism, as well as increased bioenergetic markers both in vitro and in vivo. We also demonstrate that mTOR contributes to the metabolic reprogramming of LKB1-deficient breast cancer, and is required to drive glycolytic metabolism in these tumors; however, LKB1-deficient breast cancer cells display reduced metabolic flexibility and increased apoptosis in response to metabolic perturbations. CONCLUSIONS: Together, our data suggest that LKB1 functions as a tumor suppressor in breast cancer. Loss of LKB1 collaborates with activated ErbB2 signaling to drive breast tumorigenesis and pro-growth metabolism in the resulting tumors. More... »

PAGES

18

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/2049-3002-1-18

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/2049-3002-1-18

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010107489

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24280377


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