Identifying experimental surrogates for Bacillus anthracis spores: a review View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2010-09-01

AUTHORS

David L Greenberg, Joseph D Busch, Paul Keim, David M Wagner

ABSTRACT

Bacillus anthracis, the causative agent of anthrax, is a proven biological weapon. In order to study this threat, a number of experimental surrogates have been used over the past 70 years. However, not all surrogates are appropriate for B. anthracis, especially when investigating transport, fate and survival. Although B. atrophaeus has been widely used as a B. anthracis surrogate, the two species do not always behave identically in transport and survival models. Therefore, we devised a scheme to identify a more appropriate surrogate for B. anthracis. Our selection criteria included risk of use (pathogenicity), phylogenetic relationship, morphology and comparative survivability when challenged with biocides. Although our knowledge of certain parameters remains incomplete, especially with regards to comparisons of spore longevity under natural conditions, we found that B. thuringiensis provided the best overall fit as a non-pathogenic surrogate for B. anthracis. Thus, we suggest focusing on this surrogate in future experiments of spore fate and transport modelling. More... »

PAGES

4-4

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2002-03. Assembly and genetics of spore protective structures in CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR LIFE SCIENCES
  • 2003-05. Genome sequence of Bacillus cereus and comparative analysis with Bacillus anthracis in NATURE
  • 2001-08. Comparative Sensitivity to UV-B Radiation of Two Bacillus thuringiensis Subspecies and Other Bacillus sp. in CURRENT MICROBIOLOGY
  • 2009-07-22. Gamma-phage lysin PlyG sequence-based synthetic peptides coupled with Qdot-nanocrystals are useful for developing detection methods for Bacillus anthracis by using its surrogates, B. anthracis-Sterne and B. cereus-4342 in BMC BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2002. Introduction: Anthrax History, Disease and Ecology in ANTHRAX
  • 2005-04-22. Lethality of chlorine, chlorine dioxide, and a commercial fruit and vegetable sanitizer to vegetative cells and spores of Bacillus cereus and spores of Bacillus thuringiensis in JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2007-08-23. Properties of Bacillus anthracis spores prepared under various environmental conditions in ARCHIVES OF MICROBIOLOGY
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  • 2003-05. The genome sequence of Bacillus anthracis Ames and comparison to closely related bacteria in NATURE
  • 1984. Microbial Survival in the Environment, Bacteria and Rickettsiae Important in Human and Animal Health in NONE
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/2041-2223-1-4

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/2041-2223-1-4

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015983407

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21092338


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