The updated Swedish family-cancer database used to assess familial risks of prostate cancer during rapidly increasing incidence View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2006-12-15

AUTHORS

Kari Hemminki, Charlotta Granström, Jan Sundquist, Justo Lorenzo Bermejo

ABSTRACT

The Swedish Family-Cancer Database has been used for some 10 years in the study of familial risks at all common sites. In the present paper we describe some of the main features of version VII of this Database, assembled in year 2006. This update included all residents in Sweden born or immigrated in 1932 and later (offspring) with their biological parents, a total of 11.5 million individuals. Cancer cases were retrieved from the Swedish Cancer Registry from years 1958 to 2004, including over 1.2 million first and multiple primary cancers and in situ tumours. We show one application of the Database in the study of familial risks in prostate cancer, with special reference to the modification of familial risk at the time of about 50% increase in incidence due to prostate specific antigen (PSA) screening. The familial risks for prostate cancer were 1.92 for sons of affected fathers, 3.03 for brothers and 5.44 for men with an affected father and an affected brother. Familial risk for prostate cancer according to the time since the first family member was diagnosed showed significant increases for two family members being diagnosed in the same year compared to 5+ years apart. Increased surveillance and the availability of PSA screening are the likely reasons for the overestimated familial relative risk shortly after the first diagnosis. This lead time bias should be considered in clinical counselling. More... »

PAGES

186

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1897-4287-4-4-186

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1897-4287-4-4-186

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034631472

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20223022


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