Microbial communities and symbionts in the hard tick Haemaphysalis longicornis (Acari: Ixodidae) from north China View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2013-12

AUTHORS

Li-Meng Liu, Jian-Nan Liu, Zhao Liu, Zhi-Jun Yu, Shi-Qi Xu, Xiao-Hong Yang, Tuo Li, Si-Si Li, Li-Da Guo, Jing-Ze Liu

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Close relationships between ticks and microbial communities are important for tick fitness and pathogen colonization and transmission. Haemaphysalis longicornis, distributed widely in China, can carry and transmit various pathogens and pose serious damages to public health and economics. However, little is known about the broader array of microbial communities and symbionts in H. longicornis under natural conditions. In the present study, we investigated the composition of bacterial communities associated with H. longicornis and evaluated the putative symbionts. METHODS: The eubacterial 16S rRNA gene clone libraries of H. longicornis were constructed and analyzed by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) and DNA sequencing. In addition, diagnostic PCR was performed to assess the prevalence, vertical transmission and infection sites of the symbionts in H. longicornis. RESULTS: Vertically-transmitted symbionts, potential pathogens and allochthonous nonpathogenic bacteria were identified from the field-collected H. longicornis. Three types of symbionts (Coxiella-like, Arsenophonus-like and Rickettsia-like symbionts) were identified in a single host simultaneously. A series of analyses revealed the vertical transmission, prevalence, and infection sites of these symbionts. However, only Coxiella-like bacteria were transmitted stably in the laboratory-reared ticks. In addition, we identified a novel Coxiella-like agent with 95.31% sequence similarity to the taxon described previously. CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrated that natural H. longicornis harboured a diverse array of microbial communities. Three types of symbionts were identified in a single host simultaneously. Moreover, high prevalence, vertical transmission and the infection sites supported an obligate symbiotic association between Coxiella symbiont and its host. The role of Coxiella symbiont in the host fitness and the interaction among microbial communities remained to be elucidated. Our investigation of microbial communities in the ticks revealed the complexity of ecological interactions between host and microbe and provided insight for the biological control of ticks. More... »

PAGES

310

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1756-3305-6-310

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1756-3305-6-310

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018528315

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24499619


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