Germ-line DICER1 mutations do not make a major contribution to the etiology of familial testicular germ cell tumours View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2013-12

AUTHORS

Nelly Sabbaghian, Amin Bahubeshi, Andrew Y Shuen, Peter A Kanetsky, Marc D Tischkowitz, Katherine L Nathanson, William D Foulkes

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The RNase III enzyme DICER1 plays a central role in maturation of microRNAs. Identification of neoplasia-associated germ-line and somatic mutations in DICER1 indicates that mis-expression of miRNAs in cancer may result from defects in their processing. As part of a recent study of DICER1 RNase III domains in 96 testicular germ cell tumors, a single RNase IIIb domain mutation was identified in a seminoma. To further explore the importance of DICER1 mutations in the etiology of testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT), we studied germ-line DNA samples from 43 probands diagnosed with familial TGCT. FINDINGS: We carried out High Resolution Melting Curve Analysis of DICER1 exons 2-12, 14-19, 21 and 24-27. All questionable melt curves were subjected to confirmatory Sanger sequencing.Sanger sequencing was used for exons 13, 20, 22 and 23. Intron-exon boundaries were included in all analyses. We identified 12 previously reported single nucleotide polymorphisms and two novel single nucleotide variants. No likely deleterious variants were identified; notably no mutations that were predicted to truncate the protein were identified. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together with previous studies, the findings reported here suggest a very limited role for either germ-line or somatic DICER1 mutations in the etiology of TGCT. More... »

PAGES

127

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1756-0500-6-127

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-6-127

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000624091

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23547758


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42 schema:description BACKGROUND: The RNase III enzyme DICER1 plays a central role in maturation of microRNAs. Identification of neoplasia-associated germ-line and somatic mutations in DICER1 indicates that mis-expression of miRNAs in cancer may result from defects in their processing. As part of a recent study of DICER1 RNase III domains in 96 testicular germ cell tumors, a single RNase IIIb domain mutation was identified in a seminoma. To further explore the importance of DICER1 mutations in the etiology of testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT), we studied germ-line DNA samples from 43 probands diagnosed with familial TGCT. FINDINGS: We carried out High Resolution Melting Curve Analysis of DICER1 exons 2-12, 14-19, 21 and 24-27. All questionable melt curves were subjected to confirmatory Sanger sequencing.Sanger sequencing was used for exons 13, 20, 22 and 23. Intron-exon boundaries were included in all analyses. We identified 12 previously reported single nucleotide polymorphisms and two novel single nucleotide variants. No likely deleterious variants were identified; notably no mutations that were predicted to truncate the protein were identified. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together with previous studies, the findings reported here suggest a very limited role for either germ-line or somatic DICER1 mutations in the etiology of TGCT.
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