Improving of Type 2 Diabetic Patients’ Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Towards Diabetes Self-care by Implementing Community-Based Interactive Approach-Diabetes Mellitus Strategy View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2012-06-21

AUTHORS

Titien Siwi Hartayu, Mohamed Izham MI, Sri Suryawati

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Community Based Interactive Approach-diabetes mellitus (CBIA-DM) is an active self-learning method. This study is aimed at improving type 2 diabetic patients' knowledge, attitude and practice on diabetes self-care by implementing the CBIA-DM strategy. Time series, pre and post quasi-experimental design, Intervention group underwent CBIA-DM, DM-club and Normal-care group acted as control. Data were collected in pre-intervention, immediately, one, three and six months post intervention. Ranging scores for pre and post test questionnaires were: knowledge (0-18) and attitude (9-45); categorizing as rational scales of the scores in good, fair and poor. Practicing in diabetes self-care was assessed using 12 questionnaires, and categorized as adhere and not adhere to DM self-care. Effectiveness of CBIA-DM was evaluated based on the increasing number of participants in good knowledge and attitude levels, and adherence in practicing diabetes self-care. RESULTS: CBIA-DM group shows increasing number of participants in good level of knowledge from 40 % (n = 30) up to 80 % at M + 3 with scores significantly improved from 13.1 ± 2.4 up to 15.4 ± 2.0 (Wilcoxon test, p < 0.05), attitude from 20 % up to 50 % at M + 3, with scores significantly improved from 33.5 ± 4.1 up to 34.9 ± 6.2 (p = 0.031) and increasing number of participants' adherence to all variables of DM self-care at M + 6 post intervention. CONCLUSIONS: CBIA-DM strategy is effective to improve diabetic patients' knowledge, attitude and practice on diabetes self-care. Repeating and improving the strategy program is needed to sustain the impact. More... »

PAGES

315-315

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1756-0500-5-315

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1756-0500-5-315

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010855985

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22721433


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