Role of host genetics in fibrosis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2009-12-04

AUTHORS

Georgina L Hold, Paraskevi Untiveros, Karin A Saunders, Emad M El-Omar

ABSTRACT

Fibrosis can occur in tissues in response to a variety of stimuli. Following tissue injury, cells undergo transformation or activation from a quiescent to an activated state resulting in tissue remodelling. The fibrogenic process creates a tissue environment that allows inflammatory and matrix-producing cells to invade and proliferate. While this process is important for normal wound healing, chronicity can lead to impaired tissue structure and function.This review examines the major factors involved in transforming or activating tissues towards fibrosis. The role of genetic variation within individuals affected by fibrosis has not been well described and it is in this context that we have examined the mediators of remodelling, including transforming growth factor-beta, T helper 2 cytokines and matrix metalloproteinases.Finally we examine the role of Toll-like receptors in fibrosis. The inflammatory phenotype that precedes fibrosis has been associated with Toll-like receptor activation. This is particularly important when considering gastrointestinal and hepatic disease, where inappropriate Toll-like receptor signalling, in response to the local microbe-rich environment, is thought to play an important role. More... »

PAGES

6

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2006. TLR Signaling in FROM INNATE IMMUNITY TO IMMUNOLOGICAL MEMORY
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  • 2000-06. Expression of matrix metalloproteinases and their inhibitors during hepatic tissue repair in the rat in HISTOCHEMISTRY AND CELL BIOLOGY
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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1755-1536-2-6

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1755-1536-2-6

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052453794

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19961576


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