Survey of renewable chemicals produced from lignocellulosic biomass during ionic liquid pretreatment View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2013-01-28

AUTHORS

Patanjali Varanasi, Priyanka Singh, Manfred Auer, Paul D Adams, Blake A Simmons, Seema Singh

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Lignin is often overlooked in the valorization of lignocellulosic biomass, but lignin-based materials and chemicals represent potential value-added products for biorefineries that could significantly improve the economics of a biorefinery. Fluctuating crude oil prices and changing fuel specifications are some of the driving factors to develop new technologies that could be used to convert polymeric lignin into low molecular weight lignin and or monomeric aromatic feedstocks to assist in the displacement of the current products associated with the conversion of a whole barrel of oil. We present an approach to produce these chemicals based on the selective breakdown of lignin during ionic liquid pretreatment. RESULTS: The lignin breakdown products generated are found to be dependent on the starting biomass, and significant levels were generated on dissolution at 160°C for 6 hrs. Guaiacol was produced on dissolution of biomass and technical lignins. Vanillin was produced on dissolution of kraft lignin and eucalytpus. Syringol and allyl guaiacol were the major products observed on dissolution of switchgrass and pine, respectively, whereas syringol and allyl syringol were obtained by dissolution of eucalyptus. Furthermore, it was observed that different lignin-derived products could be generated by tuning the process conditions. CONCLUSIONS: We have developed an ionic liquid based process that depolymerizes lignin and converts the low molecular weight lignin fractions into a variety of renewable chemicals from biomass. The generated chemicals (phenols, guaiacols, syringols, eugenol, catechols), their oxidized products (vanillin, vanillic acid, syringaldehyde) and their easily derivatized hydrocarbons (benzene, toluene, xylene, styrene, biphenyls and cyclohexane) already have relatively high market value as commodity and specialty chemicals, green building materials, nylons, and resins. More... »

PAGES

14-14

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2010-04-23. Monitoring and Analyzing Process Streams Towards Understanding Ionic Liquid Pretreatment of Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) in BIOENERGY RESEARCH
  • 2011-10-13. Isolation and characterization of novel bacterial strains exhibiting ligninolytic potential in BMC BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2002. Pulping Catalysts from Lignin — The Diels-Alder Step in CHEMICAL MODIFICATION, PROPERTIES, AND USAGE OF LIGNIN
  • 2002. Arboform® - A Thermoplastic, Processable Material from Lignin and Natural Fibers in CHEMICAL MODIFICATION, PROPERTIES, AND USAGE OF LIGNIN
  • 2002. Lignin-Based Carbon Fibers in CHEMICAL MODIFICATION, PROPERTIES, AND USAGE OF LIGNIN
  • 2002. Lignins as Macromonomers for Polyesters and Polyurethanes in CHEMICAL MODIFICATION, PROPERTIES, AND USAGE OF LIGNIN
  • 2002. Lignin and Its Polyblends — A Review in CHEMICAL MODIFICATION, PROPERTIES, AND USAGE OF LIGNIN
  • 2002. Lignosulfonic Acid-Doped Polyaniline (Ligno-PaniTM) — A Versatile Conducting Polymer in CHEMICAL MODIFICATION, PROPERTIES, AND USAGE OF LIGNIN
  • 2002. The Use of Lignosulfonates as Water Reducing Agents in the Manufacture of Gypsum Wallboard in CHEMICAL MODIFICATION, PROPERTIES, AND USAGE OF LIGNIN
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1754-6834-6-14

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1754-6834-6-14

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004169579

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23356589


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