Acute liver toxicity with ifosfamide in the treatment of sarcoma: a case report View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2011-12

AUTHORS

Michelle CM Cheung, Robin L Jones, Ian Judson

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Ifosfamide is a chemotherapy agent infrequently associated with liver toxicity. To the best of our knowledge, this report is the first to describe serious liver toxicity associated with ifosfamide used in combination with doxorubicin that caused acute but fully reversible liver failure and encephalopathy. This report reviews the possible mechanisms by which ifosfamide causes this adverse effect. CASE REPORT: A 61-year-old Caucasian woman who presented with an inoperable right neck mass due to synovial sarcoma was treated with standard-dose ifosfamide and doxorubicin. Within 24 hours of completing the first cycle of chemotherapy, she developed significant derangements in liver function, with a 250-fold increase in transaminase and associated synthetic function impairment and encephalopathy. No other causes of liver failure were identified. Both biochemical tests and encephalopathy were reversed after supportive management and treatment with N-acetylcysteine. No liver toxicity was observed with subsequent cycles of chemotherapy with doxorubicin alone. CONCLUSION: This case highlights the possibility that chemotherapy agents can cause rare and idiosyncratic toxicities, so physicians must be vigilant for drug reactions, especially when patients do not respond to usual treatment. More... »

PAGES

180

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1752-1947-5-180

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1752-1947-5-180

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030541278

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21569511


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