Caseous calcification of the mitral annulus with mitral regurgitation and impairment of functional capacity: a case report View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2008-06-12

AUTHORS

Giovanni Minardi, Carla Manzara, Giovanni Pulignano, Paolo G Pino, Herribert Pavaci, Martina Sordi, Francesco Musumeci

ABSTRACT

IntroductionMitral annular calcification is a common echocardiographic finding, especially in the elderly. Caseous calcification of the mitral annulus, however, is a relatively rare variant, having an echocardiographic prevalence of 0.6% in patients with mitral annular calcification. Caseous calcification needs to be differentiated from infected mitral annular calcification, mitral annular abscess and tumours. It is not malignant, and medical therapy with clinical follow-up is the therapeutic option. Surgery should be reserved for co-existent mitral valve dysfunction.Case presentationWe report the case of a 69-year-old woman, in whom caseous calcification of the mitral annulus was found at transthoracic echocardiography. Cardiac surgery was performed because of significant mitral regurgitation and impairment of functional capacity.ConclusionCaseous calcification of the mitral annulus needs to be considered and confirmed by transthoracic echocardiography since there is potential for diagnostic confusion or misdiagnosis. This lesion appears to have a benign prognosis but, when associated with mitral valve dysfunction, cardiac surgery appears to be the best therapeutic option. More... »

PAGES

205

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2005-11-03. Caseous calcification and liquefaction of the mitral annulus: a diagnostic confounder in THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1752-1947-2-205

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1752-1947-2-205

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052331175

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18549500


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