Cognition in anxious children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a comparison with clinical and normal children View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2007-12

AUTHORS

Katharina Manassis, Rosemary Tannock, Arlene Young, Shonna Francis-John

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cognition in children with anxiety disorders (ANX) and comorbid Attention Deficit Disorder (ADHD) has received little attention, potentially impacting clinical and academic interventions in this highly disabled group. This study examined several cognitive features relative to children with either pure condition and to normal controls. METHODS: One hundred and eight children ages 8-12 and parents were diagnosed by semi-structured parent interview and teacher report as having: ANX (any anxiety disorder except OCD or PTSD; n = 52), ADHD (n = 21), or ANX + ADHD (n = 35). All completed measures of academic ability, emotional perception, and working memory. Clinical subjects were compared to 35 normal controls from local schools. RESULTS: Groups did not differ significantly on age, gender, or estimated IQ. On analyses of variance, groups differed on academic functioning (Wide Range Achievement Test, p < .001), perception of emotion (auditory perception of anger, p < .05), and working memory (backwards digits, p < .01; backwards finger windows, p < .05; Chipasat task, p < .001). ANX + ADHD and children with ADHD did poorly relative to controls on all differentiating measures except auditory perception of anger, where ANX + ADHD showed less sensitivity than children with ANX or with ADHD. CONCLUSION: Though requiring replication, findings suggest that ANX + ADHD relates to greater cognitive and academic vulnerability than ANX, but may relate to reduced perception of anger. More... »

PAGES

4

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1995-04. Biased attention in childhood Anxiety disorders: A preliminary study in JOURNAL OF ABNORMAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY
  • 1994-03. Individual differences in the nonverbal communication of affect: The diagnostic analysis of nonverbal accuracy scale in JOURNAL OF NONVERBAL BEHAVIOR
  • 1994. Impaired Delayed Responding in DISRUPTIVE BEHAVIOR DISORDERS IN CHILDHOOD
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1744-9081-3-4

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1744-9081-3-4

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037621782

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17224054


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