Allelic and genotypic associations of DRD2 Taq I A polymorphism with heroin dependence in Spanish subjects: a case control study View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2007-12

AUTHORS

Jose Perez de los Cobos, Montserrat Baiget, Joan Trujols, Nuria Sinol, Victor Volpini, Enrique Banuls, Francesc Calafell, Elena Luquero, Elisabeth del Rio, Enric Alvarez

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Conflicting associations with heroin dependence have been found involving the A1 allele of dopamine D2 receptor gene (DRD2) TaqI A polymorphism. METHODS: We compared two samples of unrelated Spanish individuals, all of European origin: 281 methadone-maintained heroin-dependent patients (207 males and 74 females) who frequently used non-opioid substances, and 145 control subjects (98 males and 47 females). RESULTS: The A1-A1 genotype was detected in 7.1% of patients and 1.4% of controls (P = 0.011, odds ratio = 5.48, 95% CI 1.26-23.78). Although the A1 allele was not associated with heroin dependence in the entire sample, the frequency of A1 allele was higher in male patients than in male controls (24.4% vs. 16.3%, P = 0.024, odds ratio = 1.65, 95% CI 1.07-2.57). A logistic regression analysis showed an interaction between DRD2 alleles and gender (odds ratio = 1.77, 95% CI 1.15-2.70). CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that, in Spanish individuals, genotypes of the DRD2 TaqI A polymorphism contribute to variations in the risk of heroin dependence, while single alleles contribute only in males. More... »

PAGES

25

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1744-9081-3-25

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1744-9081-3-25

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003460235

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17543096


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33 schema:description BACKGROUND: Conflicting associations with heroin dependence have been found involving the A1 allele of dopamine D2 receptor gene (DRD2) TaqI A polymorphism. METHODS: We compared two samples of unrelated Spanish individuals, all of European origin: 281 methadone-maintained heroin-dependent patients (207 males and 74 females) who frequently used non-opioid substances, and 145 control subjects (98 males and 47 females). RESULTS: The A1-A1 genotype was detected in 7.1% of patients and 1.4% of controls (P = 0.011, odds ratio = 5.48, 95% CI 1.26-23.78). Although the A1 allele was not associated with heroin dependence in the entire sample, the frequency of A1 allele was higher in male patients than in male controls (24.4% vs. 16.3%, P = 0.024, odds ratio = 1.65, 95% CI 1.07-2.57). A logistic regression analysis showed an interaction between DRD2 alleles and gender (odds ratio = 1.77, 95% CI 1.15-2.70). CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that, in Spanish individuals, genotypes of the DRD2 TaqI A polymorphism contribute to variations in the risk of heroin dependence, while single alleles contribute only in males.
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