Usability of a virtual reality environment simulating an automated teller machine for assessing and training persons with acquired brain injury View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2010-12

AUTHORS

Kenneth NK Fong, Kathy YY Chow, Bianca CH Chan, Kino CK Lam, Jeff CK Lee, Teresa HY Li, Elaine WH Yan, Asta TY Wong

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the usability of a newly designed virtual reality (VR) environment simulating the operation of an automated teller machine (ATM) for assessment and training. DESIGN: Part I involved evaluation of the sensitivity and specificity of a non-immersive VR program simulating an ATM (VR-ATM). Part II consisted of a clinical trial providing baseline and post-intervention outcome assessments. SETTING: A rehabilitation hospital and university-based teaching facilities were used as the setting. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 24 persons in the community with acquired brain injury (ABI)--14 in Part I and 10 in Part II--made up the participants in the study. INTERVENTIONS: In Part I, participants were randomized to receive instruction in either an "early" or a "late" VR-ATM program and were assessed using both the VR program and a real ATM. In Part II, participants were assigned in matched pairs to either VR training or computer-assisted instruction (CAI) teaching programs for six 1-hour sessions over a three-week period. OUTCOME MEASURES: Two behavioral checklists based on activity analysis of cash withdrawals and money transfers using a real ATM were used to measure average reaction time, percentage of incorrect responses, level of cues required, and time spent as generated by the VR system; also used was the Neurobehavioral Cognitive Status Examination. RESULTS: The sensitivity of the VR-ATM was 100% for cash withdrawals and 83.3% for money transfers, and the specificity was 83% and 75%, respectively. For cash withdrawals, the average reaction time of the VR group was significantly shorter than that of the CAI group (p = 0.021). We found no significant differences in average reaction time or accuracy between groups for money transfers, although we did note positive improvement for the VR-ATM group. CONCLUSION: We found the VR-ATM to be usable as a valid assessment and training tool for relearning the use of ATMs prior to real-life practice in persons with ABI. More... »

PAGES

19

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1743-0003-7-19

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1743-0003-7-19

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042137834

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20429955


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