Cu-doped ZnO nanorod arrays: the effects of copper precursor and concentration View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2014-12

AUTHORS

Musbah Babikier, Dunbo Wang, Jinzhong Wang, Qian Li, Jianming Sun, Yuan Yan, Qingjiang Yu, Shujie Jiao

ABSTRACT

Cu-doped ZnO nanorods have been grown at 90°C for 90 min onto a quartz substrate pre-coated with a ZnO seed layer using a hydrothermal method. The influence of copper (Cu) precursor and concentration on the structural, morphological, and optical properties of ZnO nanorods was investigated. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the nanorods grown are highly crystalline with a hexagonal wurtzite crystal structure grown along the c-axis. The lattice strain is found to be compressive for all samples, where a minimum compressive strain of -0.114% was obtained when 1 at.% Cu was added from Cu(NO3)2. Scanning electron microscopy was used to investigate morphologies and the diameters of the grown nanorods. The morphological properties of the Cu-doped ZnO nanorods were influenced significantly by the presence of Cu impurities. Near-band edge (NBE) and a broad blue-green emission bands at around 378 and 545 nm, respectively, were observed in the photoluminescence spectra for all samples. The transmittance characteristics showed a slight increase in the visible range, where the total transmittance increased from approximately 80% for the nanorods doped with Cu(CH3COO)2 to approximately 90% for the nanorods that were doped with Cu(NO3)2. More... »

PAGES

199

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1556-276x-9-199

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1556-276x-9-199

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023250843

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24855460


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