The effects of creatine pyruvate and creatine citrate on performance during high intensity exercise View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2008-01-03

AUTHORS

Ralf Jäger, Jan Metzger, Karin Lautmann, Vladimir Shushakov, Martin Purpura, Kurt-Reiner Geiss, Norbert Maassen

ABSTRACT

BackgroundA double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study was performed to evaluate the effect of oral creatine pyruvate (Cr-Pyr) and creatine citrate (Cr-Cit) supplementation on exercise performance in healthy young athletes.MethodsPerformance during intermittent handgrip exercise of maximal intensity was evaluated before (pretest) and after (posttest) 28 days of Cr-Pyr (5 g/d, n = 16), Cr-Cit (5 g/d, n = 16) or placebo (pla, 5 g/d, n = 17) intake. Subjects performed ten 15-sec exercise intervals, each followed by 45 sec rest periods.ResultsCr-Pyr (p < 0.001) and Cr-Cit (p < 0.01) significantly increased mean power over all intervals. Cr-Cit increased force during the first and second interval (p < 0.01) compared to placebo. The effect of Cr-Cit on force decreased over time and the improvement was not significant at the sixth and ninth interval, whereas Cr-Pyr significantly increased force during all intervals (p < 0.001). Cr-Pyr (p < 0.001) and Cr-Cit (p < 0.01) resulted in an increase in contraction velocity, whereas only Cr-Pyr intake significantly (p < 0.01) increased relaxation velocity. Oxygen consumption measured during rest periods significantly increased with Cr-Pyr (p < 0.05), whereas Cr-Cit and placebo intake did not result in significant improvements.ConclusionIt is concluded that four weeks of Cr-Pyr and Cr-Cit intake significantly improves performance during intermittent handgrip exercise of maximal intensity and that Cr-Pyr might benefit endurance, due to enhanced activity of the aerobic metabolism. More... »

PAGES

4

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URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1550-2783-5-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1550-2783-5-4

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https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046444425

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18269769


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