Effects of ingestion of a commercially available thermogenic dietary supplement on resting energy expenditure, mood state and cardiovascular measures View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2013-01-03

AUTHORS

Jordan Outlaw, Colin Wilborn, Abbie Smith, Stacie Urbina, Sara Hayward, Cliffa Foster, Shawn Wells, Rob Wildman, Lem Taylor

ABSTRACT

BackgroundIncreasing metabolism is a primary focus of many commercially available dietary supplements marketed to support weight management. Caffeine (e.g. anhydrous and herbal) and green tea are key ingredients in such products, augmenting resting energy expenditure (REE) and improving reported mood states (alertness, fatigue, focus, etc.). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a thermogenic dietary supplement (DBX) on REE, respiratory exchange ratio (RER), reported measures of alertness, focus, energy, concentration, fatigue, and hunger, as well as the general safety of the product based on electrocardiogram (ECG) and hemodynamic responses in habitual caffeine consumers.MethodsSix male and six female subjects (mean ± SD; 22.50 ± 3.22 years; 76.94 ± 14.78 kg; 22.7 ± 9.5% body fat), physically active (≥12 months), and moderate habitual caffeine consumers (<200 mg/day) received either two capsules of DBX containing 340 mg of total caffeine plus green tea extract, yerba mate extract, carnitine tartrate and other active ingredients or a placebo (PLC) in a double-blinded, crossover design. Heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), REE, RER and perceived mood states were measured at baseline and then hourly for four hours after ingesting either treatment.ResultsResting energy expenditure was significantly increased at all four time points and significant increases were determined for perceived alertness (p = 0.026) and focus (p = 0.05) at hour 1 and for energy at 1 and 2 hours after treatment for the DBX group (p = 0.008 and p = 0.017, respectively). Additionally, perceived fatigue was decreased at the hour 1 assessment (p = 0.010). No significant differences were seen between DBX and placebo for hunger, anxiety, HR, BP, ECG patterns or RER.ConclusionsThe results of this investigation support that the proprietary blend of this thermogenic aid is capable of increasing REE for four hours post-ingestion while supporting increased focus, alertness, and energy as well as decreasing fatigue without promoting anxiety or causing significant changes in HR, BP, or ECG measurements in habitual caffeine consumers. More... »

PAGES

25

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2008-01-03. Efficacy and safety of a popular thermogenic drink after 28 days of ingestion in JOURNAL OF THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY OF SPORTS NUTRITION
  • 2001-09. Caffeine and Exercise in SPORTS MEDICINE
  • 2008-01-03. Acute effects of ingesting a commercial thermogenic drink on changes in energy expenditure and markers of lipolysis in JOURNAL OF THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY OF SPORTS NUTRITION
  • 2010-01-05. ISSN exercise & sport nutrition review: research & recommendations in JOURNAL OF THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY OF SPORTS NUTRITION
  • 2007-07-13. Acute effects of ingesting Java Fit™ energy extreme functional coffee on resting energy expenditure and hemodynamic responses in male and female coffee drinkers in JOURNAL OF THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY OF SPORTS NUTRITION
  • 2009-01-06. Thermogenic effect of an acute ingestion of a weight loss supplement in JOURNAL OF THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY OF SPORTS NUTRITION
  • 1990-03. Effects of caffeine on alertness in PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY
  • 2008-01-03. Diet and Cardiovascular Risk in University Marching Band, Dance Team and Cheer Squad Members: a cross-sectional study in JOURNAL OF THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY OF SPORTS NUTRITION
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    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1550-2783-10-25

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1550-2783-10-25

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046663560

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23627832


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