Methylation levels of the "long interspersed nucleotide element-1" repetitive sequences predict survival of melanoma patients View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2011-12

AUTHORS

Luca Sigalotti, Elisabetta Fratta, Ettore Bidoli, Alessia Covre, Giulia Parisi, Francesca Colizzi, Sandra Coral, Samuele Massarut, John M Kirkwood, Michele Maio

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The prognosis of cutaneous melanoma (CM) differs for patients with identical clinico-pathological stage, and no molecular markers discriminating the prognosis of stage III individuals have been established. Genome-wide alterations in DNA methylation are a common event in cancer. This study aimed to define the prognostic value of genomic DNA methylation levels in stage III CM patients. METHODS: Overall level of genomic DNA methylation was measured using bisulfite pyrosequencing at three CpG sites (CpG1, CpG2, CpG3) of the Long Interspersed Nucleotide Element-1 (LINE-1) sequences in short-term CM cultures from 42 stage IIIC patients. The impact of LINE-1 methylation on overall survival (OS) was assessed using Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier analysis. RESULTS: Hypomethylation (i.e., methylation below median) at CpG2 and CpG3 sites significantly associated with improved prognosis of CM, CpG3 showing the strongest association. Patients with hypomethylated CpG3 had increased OS (P = 0.01, log-rank = 6.39) by Kaplan-Meyer analysis. Median OS of patients with hypomethylated or hypermethylated CpG3 were 31.9 and 11.5 months, respectively. The 5 year OS for patients with hypomethylated CpG3 was 48% compared to 7% for patients with hypermethylated sequences. Among the variables examined by Cox regression analysis, LINE-1 methylation at CpG2 and CpG3 was the only predictor of OS (Hazard Ratio = 2.63, for hypermethylated CpG3; 95% Confidence Interval: 1.21-5.69; P = 0.01). CONCLUSION: LINE-1 methylation is identified as a molecular marker of prognosis for CM patients in stage IIIC. Evaluation of LINE-1 promises to represent a key tool for driving the most appropriate clinical management of stage III CM patients. More... »

PAGES

78

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1479-5876-9-78

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1479-5876-9-78

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002195239

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21615918


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