A systematic review of reliability and objective criterion-related validity of physical activity questionnaires View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2012-08-31

AUTHORS

Hendrik JF Helmerhorst, Søren Brage, Janet Warren, Herve Besson, Ulf Ekelund

ABSTRACT

Physical inactivity is one of the four leading risk factors for global mortality. Accurate measurement of physical activity (PA) and in particular by physical activity questionnaires (PAQs) remains a challenge. The aim of this paper is to provide an updated systematic review of the reliability and validity characteristics of existing and more recently developed PAQs and to quantitatively compare the performance between existing and newly developed PAQs.A literature search of electronic databases was performed for studies assessing reliability and validity data of PAQs using an objective criterion measurement of PA between January 1997 and December 2011. Articles meeting the inclusion criteria were screened and data were extracted to provide a systematic overview of measurement properties. Due to differences in reported outcomes and criterion methods a quantitative meta-analysis was not possible.In total, 31 studies testing 34 newly developed PAQs, and 65 studies examining 96 existing PAQs were included. Very few PAQs showed good results on both reliability and validity. Median reliability correlation coefficients were 0.62-0.71 for existing, and 0.74-0.76 for new PAQs. Median validity coefficients ranged from 0.30-0.39 for existing, and from 0.25-0.41 for new PAQs.Although the majority of PAQs appear to have acceptable reliability, the validity is moderate at best. Newly developed PAQs do not appear to perform substantially better than existing PAQs in terms of reliability and validity. Future PAQ studies should include measures of absolute validity and the error structure of the instrument. More... »

PAGES

103-103

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2009-03-13. Relationships of self-reported physical activity domains with accelerometry recordings in French adults in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY
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  • 2010-07. Physical Activity Questionnaires for Youth in SPORTS MEDICINE
  • 2011-10-13. Validity of the international physical activity questionnaire and the Singapore prospective study program physical activity questionnaire in a multiethnic urban Asian population in BMC MEDICAL RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
  • 2010-07. Self-Administered Physical Activity Questionnaires for the Elderly in SPORTS MEDICINE
  • 2006-05-26. The Multimedia activity recall for children and adolescents (MARCA): development and evaluation in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
  • 2008-06-02. Validity and repeatability of the EPIC physical activity questionnaire: a validation study using accelerometers as an objective measure in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
  • 2011-08-04. The validity and reliability of a home environment preschool-age physical activity questionnaire (Pre-PAQ) in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1479-5868-9-103

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-9-103

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041834192

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22938557


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    35 schema:description Physical inactivity is one of the four leading risk factors for global mortality. Accurate measurement of physical activity (PA) and in particular by physical activity questionnaires (PAQs) remains a challenge. The aim of this paper is to provide an updated systematic review of the reliability and validity characteristics of existing and more recently developed PAQs and to quantitatively compare the performance between existing and newly developed PAQs.A literature search of electronic databases was performed for studies assessing reliability and validity data of PAQs using an objective criterion measurement of PA between January 1997 and December 2011. Articles meeting the inclusion criteria were screened and data were extracted to provide a systematic overview of measurement properties. Due to differences in reported outcomes and criterion methods a quantitative meta-analysis was not possible.In total, 31 studies testing 34 newly developed PAQs, and 65 studies examining 96 existing PAQs were included. Very few PAQs showed good results on both reliability and validity. Median reliability correlation coefficients were 0.62-0.71 for existing, and 0.74-0.76 for new PAQs. Median validity coefficients ranged from 0.30-0.39 for existing, and from 0.25-0.41 for new PAQs.Although the majority of PAQs appear to have acceptable reliability, the validity is moderate at best. Newly developed PAQs do not appear to perform substantially better than existing PAQs in terms of reliability and validity. Future PAQ studies should include measures of absolute validity and the error structure of the instrument.
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