Evaluation of the sensitization rates and identification of IgE-binding components in wild and genetically modified potatoes in patients with allergic ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2006-07-04

AUTHORS

Soo-Keol Lee, Young-Min Ye, Sung-Ho Yoon, Bou-Oung Lee, Seung-Hyun Kim, Hae-Sim Park

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThe potato is one of the most common types of genetically modified (GM) food. However, there are no published data evaluating the impact of genetic manipulations on the allergenicity of GM potatoes. To compare the allergenicity of GM potatoes with that of wild-type potatoes using in vivo and in vitro methods in adult allergy patients sensitized to potatoes.MethodsA total of 1886 patients with various allergic diseases and 38 healthy controls participated in the study. Skin-prick testing and IgE-ELISA were carried out with extracts prepared from wild-type and GM potatoes. An ELISA inhibition test was used to confirm the binding specificity. IgE-binding components in extracts from the two types of potato were identified by SDS-PAGE and IgE-immunoblotting. The effects of digestive enzymes and heat on the allergenicity of the extracts was evaluated by preincubating the potatoes with or without simulated gastric and intestinal fluids in the absence or presence of heat.ResultsPositive responses (ratio of the wheal size induced by the allergen to that induced by histamine (A/H) ≥ 2+) to wild-type or GM potato extracts, as demonstrated by the skin-prick test, were observed in 108 patients (5.7%). Serum-specific IgE was detected in 0–88% of subjects who tested positively. ELISA inhibition tests indicated significant inhibition when extract from each type of potato was added. IgE-immunoblot analysis demonstrated the presence of 14 IgE-binding components within the wild-type potato and 9 within the GM potato. Furthermore, a common 45-kDa binding component that yielded similar IgE-binding patterns was noted in more than 80% of the reactions using sera from patients sensitized to wild-type or GM potato. Exposure to simulated gastric fluid and heat treatment similarly inhibited IgE binding by extracts from wild-type and GM potatoes, whereas minimal changes were obtained following exposure of the extracts to simulated intestinal fluid.ConclusionOur results strongly suggest that genetic manipulation of potatoes does not increase their allergenic risk. The sensitization rate of adult allergy patients to both types of extract was 5.7%, and a common major allergen (45 kDa) was identified. More... »

PAGES

10

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URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1476-7961-4-10

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1476-7961-4-10

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001630496

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16817976


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