Preoperative scallop-by-scallop assessment of mitral prolapse using 2D-transthoracic echocardiography View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2010-01-01

AUTHORS

Giovanni Minardi, Paolo Giuseppe Pino, Carla Clotilde Manzara, Giovanni Pulignano, Giulio Giuseppe Stefanini, Giuseppe Nicola Viceconte, Stefania Leonetti, Andrea Madeo, Carlo Gaudio, Francesco Musumeci

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThis study was conducted to assess the accuracy of harmonic imaging 2D-transthoracic echocardiography (2D-TTE) segmental analysis compared to surgical findings, in degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR).MethodsSeventy-seven consecutive patients with severe degenerative MR were prospectively enrolled. Preoperative 2D-TTE with precise localization of prolapsing or flailing scallops/segments was performed. All patients underwent mitral valve surgical repair. Surgical reports (SR), including valve description, were used as references for comparisons. A postoperative control 2D-TTE was performed.ResultsOut of 462 scallops/segments studied, surgical inspection identified 102 prolapses or flails (22%), 92 of which had previously been detected by 2D-TTE (90.2% sensitivity, 100% specificity). Agreement between preoperative 2D-TTE segmental analysis and SR was 97.8% (k = 0.93; p < 0.0001). Sixty-nine out of 77 2D-TTE reports were completely concordant with SR (89.6% diagnostic accuracy). None of the 8 non-concordant 2D-TTE reports were in complete disagreement with SR. P2 scallop was always involved in posterior leaflet prolapse or flail and was described correctly by 2D-TTE in 68 out of 69 patients (98,7% agreement, k = 0,93; 98.5% sensitivity). The anterior leaflet was involved in 14 patients (18%); A2 segment was involved in all of those cases and was correctly detected by 2D-TTE in 13 (98,7% agreement, k = 0,95; 92,8% sensitivity). Antero-lateral and postero-medial para-commissural prolapse or flail had a lower prevalence (14% and 10% respectively), with 2D-TTE sensitivity respectively of 64% and 50%.Conclusions2D-TTE, performed by an experienced echo-lab, has very good diagnostic accuracy in localizing the scallops/segments involved in degenerative MR, particularly for the middle ones (P2-A2), which represent almost the totality of prolapses. More invasive, time consuming and expensive exams should be reserved to selected cases. More... »

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URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1476-7120-8-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1476-7120-8-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049180979

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20044927


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