Autotaxin expression and its connection with the TNF-alpha-NF-κB axis in human hepatocellular carcinoma View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2010-12

AUTHORS

Jian-Min Wu, Yan Xu, Nicholas J. Skill, Hongmiao Sheng, Zhenwen Zhao, Menggang Yu, Romil Saxena, Mary A. Maluccio

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Autotaxin (ATX) is an extracellular lysophospholipase D that generates lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) from lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC). Both ATX and LPA have been shown to be involved in many cancers. However, the functional role of ATX and the regulation of ATX expression in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain elusive. RESULTS: In this study, ATX expression was evaluated in tissues from 38 human HCC and 10 normal control subjects. ATX was detected mainly in tumor cells within tissue sections and its over-expression in HCC was specifically correlated with inflammation and liver cirrhosis. In addition, ATX expression was examined in normal human hepatocytes and liver cancer cell lines. Hepatoma Hep3B and Huh7 cells displayed stronger ATX expression than hepatoblastoma HepG2 cells and normal hepatocytes did. Proinflammtory cytokine tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) promoted ATX expression and secretion selectively in Hep3B and Huh7 cells, which led to a corresponding increase in lysophospholipase-D activity. Moreover, we explored the mechanism governing the expression of ATX in hepatoma cells and established a critical role of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB) in basal and TNF-alpha induced ATX expression. Further study showed that secreted enzymatically active ATX stimulated Hep3B cell invasion. CONCLUSIONS: This report highlights for the first time the clinical and biological evidence for the involvement of ATX in human HCC. Our observation that links the TNF-alpha/NF-kappaB axis and the ATX-LPA signaling pathway suggests that ATX is likely playing an important role in inflammation related liver tumorigenesis. More... »

PAGES

71

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1476-4598-9-71

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1476-4598-9-71

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053002126

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20356387


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