Using GIS technology to identify areas of tuberculosis transmission and incidence View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2004-12

AUTHORS

Patrick K Moonan, Manuel Bayona, Teresa N Quitugua, Joseph Oppong, Denise Dunbar, Kenneth C Jost, Gerry Burgess, Karan P Singh, Stephen E Weis

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Currently in the U.S. it is recommended that tuberculosis screening and treatment programs be targeted at high-risk populations. While a strategy of targeted testing and treatment of persons most likely to develop tuberculosis is attractive, it is uncertain how best to accomplish this goal. In this study we seek to identify geographical areas where on-going tuberculosis transmission is occurring by linking Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology with molecular surveillance. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis was performed on data collected on persons newly diagnosed with culture positive tuberculosis at the Tarrant County Health Department (TCHD) between January 1, 1993 and December 31, 2000. Clinical isolates were molecularly characterized using IS6110-based RFLP analysis and spoligotyping methods to identify patients infected with the same strain. Residential addresses at the time of diagnosis of tuberculosis were geocoded and mapped according to strain characterization. Generalized estimating equations (GEE) analysis models were used to identify risk factors involved in clustering. RESULTS: Evaluation of the spatial distribution of cases within zip-code boundaries identified distinct areas of geographical distribution of same strain disease. We identified these geographical areas as having increased likelihood of on-going transmission. Based on this evidence we plan to perform geographically based screening and treatment programs. CONCLUSION: Using GIS analysis combined with molecular epidemiological surveillance may be an effective method for identifying instances of local transmission. These methods can be used to enhance targeted screening and control efforts, with the goal of interruption of disease transmission and ultimately incidence reduction. More... »

PAGES

23

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1476-072x-3-23

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1476-072x-3-23

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005732293

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15479478


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