A cohort study of in utero polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) exposures in relation to secondary sex ratio View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2008-12

AUTHORS

Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Todd A Jusko, Eric J Willman, Rebecca J Baker, Jean A Keller, Stuart W Teplin, M Judith Charles

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are ubiquitous industrial chemicals that persist in the environment and in human fatty tissue. PCBs are related to a class of compounds known as dioxins, specifically 2,3,7,8-TCDD (tetrachloro-dibenzodioxin), which has been implicated as a cause of altered sex ratio, especially in relation to paternal exposures. METHODS: In the 1960's, serum specimens were collected from pregnant women participating in the Child Health and Development Study in the San Francisco Bay Area. The women were interviewed and their serum samples stored at -20 degrees C. For this study, samples were thawed and a total of eleven PCBs were determined in 399 specimens. Secondary sex ratio, or sex ratio at birth, was evaluated as a function of maternal serum concentrations using log-binomial and logistic regression, controlling for hormonally active medications taken during pregnancy. RESULTS: The relative risk of a male birth decreased by 33% comparing women at the 90th percentile of total PCBs with women at the 10th percentile (RR = 0.67; 95% CI, 0.48-0.94; p = 0.02), or by approximately 7% for each 1 mug/L increase in total PCB concentration. Although some congener-specific associations with sex ratio were only marginally statistically significant, all nine PCB congeners with < 30% of samples below the LOQ showed the same direction of association, an improbable finding under the null hypothesis. CONCLUSION: Maternal exposure to PCBs may be detrimental to the success of male sperm or to the survival of male embryos. Findings could be due to contaminants, metabolites or PCBs themselves. More... »

PAGES

37

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1476-069x-7-37

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1476-069x-7-37

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015889366

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18627595


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