Measuring health inequality among children in developing countries: does the choice of the indicator of economic status matter? View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2003-12

AUTHORS

Tanja AJ Houweling, Anton E Kunst, Johan P Mackenbach

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Currently, poor-rich inequalities in health in developing countries receive a lot of attention from both researchers and policy makers. Since measuring economic status in developing countries is often problematic, different indicators of wealth are used in different studies. Until now, there is a lack of evidence on the extent to which the use of different measures of economic status affects the observed magnitude of health inequalities. METHODS: This paper provides this empirical evidence for 10 developing countries, using the Demographic and Health Surveys data-set. We compared the World Bank asset index to three alternative wealth indices, all based on household assets. Under-5 mortality and measles immunisation coverage were the health outcomes studied. Poor-rich inequalities in under-5 mortality and measles immunisation coverage were measured using the Relative Index of Inequality. RESULTS: Comparing the World Bank index to the alternative indices, we found that (1) the relative position of households in the national wealth hierarchy varied to an important extent with the asset index used, (2) observed poor-rich inequalities in under-5 mortality and immunisation coverage often changed, in some cases to an important extent, and that (3) the size and direction of this change varied per country, index, and health indicator. CONCLUSION: Researchers and policy makers should be aware that the choice of the measure of economic status influences the observed magnitude of health inequalities, and that differences in health inequalities between countries or time periods, may be an artefact of different wealth measures used. More... »

PAGES

8

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1475-9276-2-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1475-9276-2-8

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020712041

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14609435


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1402", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Applied Economics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/14", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Economics", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Erasmus University Medical Center", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5645.2", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Dr. Molewaterplein 50, P.O. Box 1738, 3000 DR, Rotterdam, The Netherlands"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Houweling", 
        "givenName": "Tanja AJ", 
        "id": "sg:person.01245450577.62", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01245450577.62"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Erasmus University Medical Center", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5645.2", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Dr. Molewaterplein 50, P.O. Box 1738, 3000 DR, Rotterdam, The Netherlands"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kunst", 
        "givenName": "Anton E", 
        "id": "sg:person.01112504334.26", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01112504334.26"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Erasmus University Medical Center", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5645.2", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Dr. Molewaterplein 50, P.O. Box 1738, 3000 DR, Rotterdam, The Netherlands"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Mackenbach", 
        "givenName": "Johan P", 
        "id": "sg:person.012507450242.51", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012507450242.51"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.2307/2648118", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013570486", 
          "https://doi.org/10.2307/2648118"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(95)00426-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014095199"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/00324720213796", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027441173"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1353/dem.2001.0003", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028396354", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1353/dem.2001.0003"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0277-9536(96)00073-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029015650"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(03)12558-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038910438"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(93)90241-u", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040495531"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0277-9536(99)00459-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043291533"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/29.4.678", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049595707"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0033-3549(04)50043-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054605050"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/tropej/43.4.226", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060059510"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/2807954", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070096045"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074594229", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2003-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2003-12-01", 
    "description": "BACKGROUND: Currently, poor-rich inequalities in health in developing countries receive a lot of attention from both researchers and policy makers. Since measuring economic status in developing countries is often problematic, different indicators of wealth are used in different studies. Until now, there is a lack of evidence on the extent to which the use of different measures of economic status affects the observed magnitude of health inequalities. METHODS: This paper provides this empirical evidence for 10 developing countries, using the Demographic and Health Surveys data-set. We compared the World Bank asset index to three alternative wealth indices, all based on household assets. Under-5 mortality and measles immunisation coverage were the health outcomes studied. Poor-rich inequalities in under-5 mortality and measles immunisation coverage were measured using the Relative Index of Inequality. RESULTS: Comparing the World Bank index to the alternative indices, we found that (1) the relative position of households in the national wealth hierarchy varied to an important extent with the asset index used, (2) observed poor-rich inequalities in under-5 mortality and immunisation coverage often changed, in some cases to an important extent, and that (3) the size and direction of this change varied per country, index, and health indicator. CONCLUSION: Researchers and policy makers should be aware that the choice of the measure of economic status influences the observed magnitude of health inequalities, and that differences in health inequalities between countries or time periods, may be an artefact of different wealth measures used.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1475-9276-2-8", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1031026", 
        "issn": [
          "1475-9276"
        ], 
        "name": "International Journal for Equity in Health", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "2"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Measuring health inequality among children in developing countries: does the choice of the indicator of economic status matter?", 
    "pagination": "8", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "62b010173efb59f57af2c15b23f56e688238870c809d43ede666cf38027d9c61"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "14609435"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "101147692"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1186/1475-9276-2-8"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1020712041"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-9276-2-8", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020712041"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T02:15", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8700_00000536.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1186%2F1475-9276-2-8"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1475-9276-2-8'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1475-9276-2-8'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1475-9276-2-8'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1475-9276-2-8'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

122 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      42 URIs      21 LITERALS      9 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-9276-2-8 schema:about anzsrc-for:14
2 anzsrc-for:1402
3 schema:author N682aee94e53444cf8359f02a09c45795
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1353/dem.2001.0003
5 sg:pub.10.2307/2648118
6 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074594229
7 https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(93)90241-u
8 https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(95)00426-2
9 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0033-3549(04)50043-2
10 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(03)12558-5
11 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0277-9536(96)00073-1
12 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0277-9536(99)00459-1
13 https://doi.org/10.1080/00324720213796
14 https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/29.4.678
15 https://doi.org/10.1093/tropej/43.4.226
16 https://doi.org/10.2307/2807954
17 schema:datePublished 2003-12
18 schema:datePublishedReg 2003-12-01
19 schema:description BACKGROUND: Currently, poor-rich inequalities in health in developing countries receive a lot of attention from both researchers and policy makers. Since measuring economic status in developing countries is often problematic, different indicators of wealth are used in different studies. Until now, there is a lack of evidence on the extent to which the use of different measures of economic status affects the observed magnitude of health inequalities. METHODS: This paper provides this empirical evidence for 10 developing countries, using the Demographic and Health Surveys data-set. We compared the World Bank asset index to three alternative wealth indices, all based on household assets. Under-5 mortality and measles immunisation coverage were the health outcomes studied. Poor-rich inequalities in under-5 mortality and measles immunisation coverage were measured using the Relative Index of Inequality. RESULTS: Comparing the World Bank index to the alternative indices, we found that (1) the relative position of households in the national wealth hierarchy varied to an important extent with the asset index used, (2) observed poor-rich inequalities in under-5 mortality and immunisation coverage often changed, in some cases to an important extent, and that (3) the size and direction of this change varied per country, index, and health indicator. CONCLUSION: Researchers and policy makers should be aware that the choice of the measure of economic status influences the observed magnitude of health inequalities, and that differences in health inequalities between countries or time periods, may be an artefact of different wealth measures used.
20 schema:genre research_article
21 schema:inLanguage en
22 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
23 schema:isPartOf N006383cf033643b482f42aa20e9f72e5
24 N6a49b8bb56d14f96b166db5552b7c8e3
25 sg:journal.1031026
26 schema:name Measuring health inequality among children in developing countries: does the choice of the indicator of economic status matter?
27 schema:pagination 8
28 schema:productId N055be58534fd4fa1963d35bf2ea6db24
29 N735650b10cad4f0383ef4db83c8adb3e
30 N9054c7145712481285d04247832d586d
31 Nd04501c1289940029ebbccf4f7f8c5f5
32 Nf77cb4f648484cd280106dd8cb6d5ca5
33 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020712041
34 https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-9276-2-8
35 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T02:15
36 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
37 schema:sdPublisher Ne130d284f66c49e58ea7c1f5300f2378
38 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1186%2F1475-9276-2-8
39 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
40 sgo:sdDataset articles
41 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
42 N006383cf033643b482f42aa20e9f72e5 schema:issueNumber 1
43 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
44 N055be58534fd4fa1963d35bf2ea6db24 schema:name doi
45 schema:value 10.1186/1475-9276-2-8
46 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
47 N54d486fc7c9442ab8d41274bec83c4fd rdf:first sg:person.01112504334.26
48 rdf:rest N5674e65f12fd4fffa33184e3d7480b8e
49 N5674e65f12fd4fffa33184e3d7480b8e rdf:first sg:person.012507450242.51
50 rdf:rest rdf:nil
51 N682aee94e53444cf8359f02a09c45795 rdf:first sg:person.01245450577.62
52 rdf:rest N54d486fc7c9442ab8d41274bec83c4fd
53 N6a49b8bb56d14f96b166db5552b7c8e3 schema:volumeNumber 2
54 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
55 N735650b10cad4f0383ef4db83c8adb3e schema:name nlm_unique_id
56 schema:value 101147692
57 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
58 N9054c7145712481285d04247832d586d schema:name dimensions_id
59 schema:value pub.1020712041
60 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
61 Nd04501c1289940029ebbccf4f7f8c5f5 schema:name readcube_id
62 schema:value 62b010173efb59f57af2c15b23f56e688238870c809d43ede666cf38027d9c61
63 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
64 Ne130d284f66c49e58ea7c1f5300f2378 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
65 rdf:type schema:Organization
66 Nf77cb4f648484cd280106dd8cb6d5ca5 schema:name pubmed_id
67 schema:value 14609435
68 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
69 anzsrc-for:14 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
70 schema:name Economics
71 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
72 anzsrc-for:1402 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
73 schema:name Applied Economics
74 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
75 sg:journal.1031026 schema:issn 1475-9276
76 schema:name International Journal for Equity in Health
77 rdf:type schema:Periodical
78 sg:person.01112504334.26 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5645.2
79 schema:familyName Kunst
80 schema:givenName Anton E
81 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01112504334.26
82 rdf:type schema:Person
83 sg:person.01245450577.62 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5645.2
84 schema:familyName Houweling
85 schema:givenName Tanja AJ
86 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01245450577.62
87 rdf:type schema:Person
88 sg:person.012507450242.51 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5645.2
89 schema:familyName Mackenbach
90 schema:givenName Johan P
91 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012507450242.51
92 rdf:type schema:Person
93 sg:pub.10.1353/dem.2001.0003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028396354
94 https://doi.org/10.1353/dem.2001.0003
95 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
96 sg:pub.10.2307/2648118 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013570486
97 https://doi.org/10.2307/2648118
98 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
99 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074594229 schema:CreativeWork
100 https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(93)90241-u schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040495531
101 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
102 https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(95)00426-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014095199
103 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
104 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0033-3549(04)50043-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054605050
105 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
106 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(03)12558-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038910438
107 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
108 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0277-9536(96)00073-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029015650
109 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
110 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0277-9536(99)00459-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043291533
111 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
112 https://doi.org/10.1080/00324720213796 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027441173
113 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
114 https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/29.4.678 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049595707
115 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
116 https://doi.org/10.1093/tropej/43.4.226 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060059510
117 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
118 https://doi.org/10.2307/2807954 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070096045
119 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
120 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5645.2 schema:alternateName Erasmus University Medical Center
121 schema:name Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC University Medical Center Rotterdam, Dr. Molewaterplein 50, P.O. Box 1738, 3000 DR, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
122 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...