An amino acid-electrolyte beverage may increase cellular rehydration relative to carbohydrate-electrolyte and flavored water beverages View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2014-05-26

AUTHORS

Chih-Yin Tai, Jordan M Joy, Paul H Falcone, Laura R Carson, Matt M Mosman, Justen L Straight, Susie L Oury, Carlos Mendez, Nick J Loveridge, Michael P Kim, Jordan R Moon

ABSTRACT

BackgroundIn cases of dehydration exceeding a 2% loss of body weight, athletic performance can be significantly compromised. Carbohydrate and/or electrolyte containing beverages have been effective for rehydration and recovery of performance, yet amino acid containing beverages remain unexamined. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to compare the rehydration capabilities of an electrolyte-carbohydrate (EC), electrolyte-branched chain amino acid (EA), and flavored water (FW) beverages.MethodsTwenty men (n = 10; 26.7 ± 4.8 years; 174.3 ± 6.4 cm; 74.2 ± 10.9 kg) and women (n = 10; 27.1 ± 4.7 years; 175.3 ± 7.9 cm; 71.0 ± 6.5 kg) participated in this crossover study. For each trial, subjects were dehydrated, provided one of three random beverages, and monitored for the following three hours. Measurements were collected prior to and immediately after dehydration and 4 hours after dehydration (3 hours after rehydration) (AE = −2.5 ± 0.55%; CE = −2.2 ± 0.43%; FW = −2.5 ± 0.62%). Measurements collected at each time point were urine volume, urine specific gravity, drink volume, and fluid retention.ResultsNo significant differences (p > 0.05) existed between beverages for urine volume, drink volume, or fluid retention for any time-point. Treatment x time interactions existed for urine specific gravity (USG) (p < 0.05). Post hoc analysis revealed differences occurred between the FW and EA beverages (p = 0.003) and between the EC and EA beverages (p = 0.007) at 4 hours after rehydration. Wherein, EA USG returned to baseline at 4 hours post-dehydration (mean difference from pre to 4 hours post-dehydration = -0.0002; p > 0.05) while both EC (-0.0067) and FW (-0.0051) continued to produce dilute urine and failed to return to baseline at the same time-point (p < 0.05).ConclusionBecause no differences existed for fluid retention, urine or drink volume at any time point, yet USG returned to baseline during the EA trial, an EA supplement may enhance cellular rehydration rate compared to an EC or FW beverage in healthy men and women after acute dehydration of around 2% body mass loss. More... »

PAGES

47

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1475-2891-13-47

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-13-47

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000712001

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24884613


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25 schema:description BackgroundIn cases of dehydration exceeding a 2% loss of body weight, athletic performance can be significantly compromised. Carbohydrate and/or electrolyte containing beverages have been effective for rehydration and recovery of performance, yet amino acid containing beverages remain unexamined. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to compare the rehydration capabilities of an electrolyte-carbohydrate (EC), electrolyte-branched chain amino acid (EA), and flavored water (FW) beverages.MethodsTwenty men (n = 10; 26.7 ± 4.8 years; 174.3 ± 6.4 cm; 74.2 ± 10.9 kg) and women (n = 10; 27.1 ± 4.7 years; 175.3 ± 7.9 cm; 71.0 ± 6.5 kg) participated in this crossover study. For each trial, subjects were dehydrated, provided one of three random beverages, and monitored for the following three hours. Measurements were collected prior to and immediately after dehydration and 4 hours after dehydration (3 hours after rehydration) (AE = −2.5 ± 0.55%; CE = −2.2 ± 0.43%; FW = −2.5 ± 0.62%). Measurements collected at each time point were urine volume, urine specific gravity, drink volume, and fluid retention.ResultsNo significant differences (p > 0.05) existed between beverages for urine volume, drink volume, or fluid retention for any time-point. Treatment x time interactions existed for urine specific gravity (USG) (p < 0.05). Post hoc analysis revealed differences occurred between the FW and EA beverages (p = 0.003) and between the EC and EA beverages (p = 0.007) at 4 hours after rehydration. Wherein, EA USG returned to baseline at 4 hours post-dehydration (mean difference from pre to 4 hours post-dehydration = -0.0002; p > 0.05) while both EC (-0.0067) and FW (-0.0051) continued to produce dilute urine and failed to return to baseline at the same time-point (p < 0.05).ConclusionBecause no differences existed for fluid retention, urine or drink volume at any time point, yet USG returned to baseline during the EA trial, an EA supplement may enhance cellular rehydration rate compared to an EC or FW beverage in healthy men and women after acute dehydration of around 2% body mass loss.
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32 schema:keywords BackgroundIn cases
33 ConclusionBecause
34 EA trials
35 EC
36 FW
37 MethodsTwenty men
38 ResultsNo significant differences
39 acid
40 acute dehydration
41 amino acids
42 analysis
43 athletic performance
44 baseline
45 beverages
46 body mass loss
47 body weight
48 capability
49 carbohydrates
50 cases
51 cellular rehydration
52 chain amino acids
53 crossover study
54 dehydration
55 differences
56 dilute urine
57 drink volume
58 electrolyte
59 fluid retention
60 gravity
61 healthy men
62 hours
63 interaction
64 loss
65 mass loss
66 measurements
67 men
68 performance
69 point
70 post
71 purpose
72 rate
73 recovery
74 recovery of performance
75 rehydration
76 rehydration capability
77 rehydration rate
78 retention
79 significant differences
80 specific gravity
81 study
82 subjects
83 supplements
84 time interaction
85 time points
86 treatment x time interaction
87 trials
88 urine
89 urine specific gravity
90 urine volume
91 volume
92 water beverages
93 weight
94 wherein
95 women
96 x time interaction
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