Five years of malaria control in the continental region, Equatorial Guinea View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2013-12

AUTHORS

Andrea M Rehman, Andrea G Mann, Christopher Schwabe, Michael R Reddy, Irina Roncon Gomes, Michel A Slotman, Lee Yellott, Abrahan Matias, Adalgisa Caccone, Gloria Nseng Nchama, Immo Kleinschmidt

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: A successful malaria control programme began in 2004 on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea. From 2007, the same multiple malaria interventions, though reduced in scope for funding reasons, were introduced to the four mainland provinces of Equatorial Guinea (the continental region) aiming to recreate Bioko's success. Two provinces received long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) and two provinces received biannual indoor residual spraying (IRS). Enhanced case management and communications were introduced throughout. METHODS: Estimates of intervention coverage and indicators of malaria transmission for 2007 to 2011 were derived from annual malaria indicator surveys (MIS). Results were complemented by health information system (HIS) and entomological data. The personal protection offered by LLINs and IRS against Plasmodium falciparum infection was estimated with logistic regression. RESULTS: The estimated proportion of children aged 1-4 using either an LLIN the previous night or living in a house sprayed in the last six months was 23% in 2007 and 42% in 2011. The estimated prevalence of P. falciparum in children aged 1-4 was 68% (N=1,770; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 58-76%) in 2007 and 52% (N=1,602; 95% CI: 44-61%) in 2011. Children 1-4 years had lower prevalence if they used an LLIN the previous night (N=1,124, 56%; adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 0.64, 95% CI: 0.55-0.74) or if they lived in a sprayed house (N=1,150, 57%; aOR 0.80, 95% CI: 0.62-1.03) compared to children with neither intervention (N=4,131, 66%, reference group). The minority of children who both used an LLIN and lived in a sprayed house had the lowest prevalence of infection (N=171, 45%; aOR 0.52, 95% CI: 0.35-0.78). High site-level intervention coverage did not always correlate with lower site-level P. falciparum prevalence. The malaria season peaked in either June or July, not necessarily coinciding with MIS data collection. CONCLUSIONS: Though moderate impact was achieved after five years of vector control, case management, and communications, prevalence remained high due to an inability to sufficiently scale-up coverage with either IRS or LLINs. Both LLINs and IRS provided individual protection, but greater protection was afforded to children who benefitted from both. More... »

PAGES

154

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1475-2875-12-154

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-12-154

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053626638

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23651490


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1117", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Public Health and Health Services", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Adolescent", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Child", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Child, Preschool", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Equatorial Guinea", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Female", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Infant", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Insecticide-Treated Bednets", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Insecticides", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Malaria, Falciparum", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Male", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Mosquito Control", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Pregnancy", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Prevalence", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8991.9", 
          "name": [
            "MRC Tropical Epidemiology Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, WC1E 7HT, London, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Rehman", 
        "givenName": "Andrea M", 
        "id": "sg:person.01254665412.93", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01254665412.93"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8991.9", 
          "name": [
            "MRC Tropical Epidemiology Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, WC1E 7HT, London, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Mann", 
        "givenName": "Andrea G", 
        "id": "sg:person.01305023004.25", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01305023004.25"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Medical Care Development International", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.429272.8", 
          "name": [
            "Medical Care Development International (MCDI), New Hampshire Office, 104 Bradford Road, 03431, Keene, New Hampshire, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Schwabe", 
        "givenName": "Christopher", 
        "id": "sg:person.016551130737.69", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016551130737.69"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Yale University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.47100.32", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Reddy", 
        "givenName": "Michael R", 
        "id": "sg:person.0632103430.49", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0632103430.49"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Medical Care Development International", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.429272.8", 
          "name": [
            "Medical Care Development International (MCDI), New Hampshire Office, 104 Bradford Road, 03431, Keene, New Hampshire, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Roncon Gomes", 
        "givenName": "Irina", 
        "id": "sg:person.0714126352.61", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0714126352.61"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Texas A&M University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264756.4", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Entomology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Slotman", 
        "givenName": "Michel A", 
        "id": "sg:person.01242221507.10", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01242221507.10"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "MCDI, Malabo Office, Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Yellott", 
        "givenName": "Lee", 
        "id": "sg:person.01277440126.69", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01277440126.69"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "MCDI, Malabo Office, Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Matias", 
        "givenName": "Abrahan", 
        "id": "sg:person.01354115060.33", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01354115060.33"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Yale University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.47100.32", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Caccone", 
        "givenName": "Adalgisa", 
        "id": "sg:person.01164250461.12", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01164250461.12"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, Malabo, Equatorial Guinea"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Nseng Nchama", 
        "givenName": "Gloria", 
        "id": "sg:person.01011567632.41", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01011567632.41"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8991.9", 
          "name": [
            "MRC Tropical Epidemiology Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, WC1E 7HT, London, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kleinschmidt", 
        "givenName": "Immo", 
        "id": "sg:person.01077330530.97", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01077330530.97"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-9-299", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002322498", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-9-299"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2008.02010.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003455318"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2008.02010.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003455318"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-11-242", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008339444", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-11-242"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001142", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010487376"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.12-0467", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015791073"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-5-21", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016283590", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-5-21"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyp363", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017210359"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019205", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019517333"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003097", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022571828"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-6-111", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028650172", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-6-111"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd006657", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028653391"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-10-378", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036893759", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-10-378"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-7-194", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037237579", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-7-194"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd000363.pub2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045995413"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4061/2010/190434", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050406451"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd006657.pub2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051921852"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/jmedent/30.3.622", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059809528"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2002.66.503", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075114947"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077584380", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2009.80.882", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077906173"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2009.81.519", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077949157"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2013-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2013-12-01", 
    "description": "BACKGROUND: A successful malaria control programme began in 2004 on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea. From 2007, the same multiple malaria interventions, though reduced in scope for funding reasons, were introduced to the four mainland provinces of Equatorial Guinea (the continental region) aiming to recreate Bioko's success. Two provinces received long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) and two provinces received biannual indoor residual spraying (IRS). Enhanced case management and communications were introduced throughout.\nMETHODS: Estimates of intervention coverage and indicators of malaria transmission for 2007 to 2011 were derived from annual malaria indicator surveys (MIS). Results were complemented by health information system (HIS) and entomological data. The personal protection offered by LLINs and IRS against Plasmodium falciparum infection was estimated with logistic regression.\nRESULTS: The estimated proportion of children aged 1-4 using either an LLIN the previous night or living in a house sprayed in the last six months was 23% in 2007 and 42% in 2011. The estimated prevalence of P. falciparum in children aged 1-4 was 68% (N=1,770; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 58-76%) in 2007 and 52% (N=1,602; 95% CI: 44-61%) in 2011. Children 1-4 years had lower prevalence if they used an LLIN the previous night (N=1,124, 56%; adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 0.64, 95% CI: 0.55-0.74) or if they lived in a sprayed house (N=1,150, 57%; aOR 0.80, 95% CI: 0.62-1.03) compared to children with neither intervention (N=4,131, 66%, reference group). The minority of children who both used an LLIN and lived in a sprayed house had the lowest prevalence of infection (N=171, 45%; aOR 0.52, 95% CI: 0.35-0.78). High site-level intervention coverage did not always correlate with lower site-level P. falciparum prevalence. The malaria season peaked in either June or July, not necessarily coinciding with MIS data collection.\nCONCLUSIONS: Though moderate impact was achieved after five years of vector control, case management, and communications, prevalence remained high due to an inability to sufficiently scale-up coverage with either IRS or LLINs. Both LLINs and IRS provided individual protection, but greater protection was afforded to children who benefitted from both.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-12-154", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isFundedItemOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:grant.3498121", 
        "type": "MonetaryGrant"
      }
    ], 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1030597", 
        "issn": [
          "1475-2875"
        ], 
        "name": "Malaria Journal", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "12"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Five years of malaria control in the continental region, Equatorial Guinea", 
    "pagination": "154", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "ff6e168af2bfe0ba3e3068d6d2f42fa382d6cddc84ae2bd584eee2ae37953e31"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "23651490"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "101139802"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1186/1475-2875-12-154"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1053626638"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-12-154", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053626638"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T23:32", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8693_00000551.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1186%2F1475-2875-12-154"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1475-2875-12-154'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1475-2875-12-154'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1475-2875-12-154'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1475-2875-12-154'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

279 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      64 URIs      35 LITERALS      23 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-12-154 schema:about N05f7320a436d4c498000c85acf23e90d
2 N131e08b6f9534017b61d611b2ce4c778
3 N1bc1666703bc429e88ccb89da3ad7164
4 N2015079342fe4f6f9a805aee9ec0b54b
5 N21400e82ae574daab60a15111c8c6c45
6 N302aff0b991b4852ae190953fecea7c8
7 N3267ff99b6114b0fb6bcbe555725b491
8 N5eb97aca1de34eecb2d7a04301dfd95d
9 N71c80189ba9e4884a926c42b90977641
10 Na05cd8c58cbb4d9ebc58462ae24d2409
11 Nb8655a9b175b443f8a16271a6e799439
12 Nd0aa6a94b513453ca17425a590c77795
13 Nd1311c6b57534cecb29d858ea877f66b
14 Ne84810640c6f4528bea8a49c19b1c935
15 anzsrc-for:11
16 anzsrc-for:1117
17 schema:author N2a6ca5e1de154cd7972a7c483ed0ac7d
18 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-10-378
19 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-11-242
20 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-5-21
21 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-6-111
22 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-7-194
23 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-9-299
24 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077584380
25 https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd000363.pub2
26 https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd006657
27 https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd006657.pub2
28 https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyp363
29 https://doi.org/10.1093/jmedent/30.3.622
30 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2008.02010.x
31 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003097
32 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001142
33 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019205
34 https://doi.org/10.4061/2010/190434
35 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.12-0467
36 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2002.66.503
37 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2009.80.882
38 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2009.81.519
39 schema:datePublished 2013-12
40 schema:datePublishedReg 2013-12-01
41 schema:description BACKGROUND: A successful malaria control programme began in 2004 on Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea. From 2007, the same multiple malaria interventions, though reduced in scope for funding reasons, were introduced to the four mainland provinces of Equatorial Guinea (the continental region) aiming to recreate Bioko's success. Two provinces received long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) and two provinces received biannual indoor residual spraying (IRS). Enhanced case management and communications were introduced throughout. METHODS: Estimates of intervention coverage and indicators of malaria transmission for 2007 to 2011 were derived from annual malaria indicator surveys (MIS). Results were complemented by health information system (HIS) and entomological data. The personal protection offered by LLINs and IRS against Plasmodium falciparum infection was estimated with logistic regression. RESULTS: The estimated proportion of children aged 1-4 using either an LLIN the previous night or living in a house sprayed in the last six months was 23% in 2007 and 42% in 2011. The estimated prevalence of P. falciparum in children aged 1-4 was 68% (N=1,770; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 58-76%) in 2007 and 52% (N=1,602; 95% CI: 44-61%) in 2011. Children 1-4 years had lower prevalence if they used an LLIN the previous night (N=1,124, 56%; adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 0.64, 95% CI: 0.55-0.74) or if they lived in a sprayed house (N=1,150, 57%; aOR 0.80, 95% CI: 0.62-1.03) compared to children with neither intervention (N=4,131, 66%, reference group). The minority of children who both used an LLIN and lived in a sprayed house had the lowest prevalence of infection (N=171, 45%; aOR 0.52, 95% CI: 0.35-0.78). High site-level intervention coverage did not always correlate with lower site-level P. falciparum prevalence. The malaria season peaked in either June or July, not necessarily coinciding with MIS data collection. CONCLUSIONS: Though moderate impact was achieved after five years of vector control, case management, and communications, prevalence remained high due to an inability to sufficiently scale-up coverage with either IRS or LLINs. Both LLINs and IRS provided individual protection, but greater protection was afforded to children who benefitted from both.
42 schema:genre research_article
43 schema:inLanguage en
44 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
45 schema:isPartOf N350e0889c6354545b378a328d02bbe26
46 N3d877282c9ea4b4382d917d0180fa0cb
47 sg:journal.1030597
48 schema:name Five years of malaria control in the continental region, Equatorial Guinea
49 schema:pagination 154
50 schema:productId N2901b03cd78c40eca7ec6016d5cb18cf
51 N2a7ef7e206974d5e9e4033c0bd0f8bd4
52 N5e253292852745399ce24a46ec5924af
53 Ne2302ce66d25469e8d20dcd9ffca3ac1
54 Ne546481ea03b4535923483801ddf037a
55 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053626638
56 https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-12-154
57 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T23:32
58 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
59 schema:sdPublisher N31dbdc8b3e0e4f51b24ec96854610b05
60 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1186%2F1475-2875-12-154
61 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
62 sgo:sdDataset articles
63 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
64 N05f7320a436d4c498000c85acf23e90d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
65 schema:name Child, Preschool
66 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
67 N0d1e8cccc6c94d1c8800c6034697a47d rdf:first sg:person.0632103430.49
68 rdf:rest Ncf763baf69324af0a0ca6172842276d2
69 N131e08b6f9534017b61d611b2ce4c778 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
70 schema:name Infant
71 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
72 N1bc1666703bc429e88ccb89da3ad7164 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
73 schema:name Insecticides
74 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
75 N2015079342fe4f6f9a805aee9ec0b54b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
76 schema:name Male
77 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
78 N21400e82ae574daab60a15111c8c6c45 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
79 schema:name Female
80 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
81 N218075a0e0394155849e22c50753aa35 rdf:first sg:person.016551130737.69
82 rdf:rest N0d1e8cccc6c94d1c8800c6034697a47d
83 N25423a2489444a5a8c3d676c8dc93130 schema:name Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, Malabo, Equatorial Guinea
84 rdf:type schema:Organization
85 N2901b03cd78c40eca7ec6016d5cb18cf schema:name dimensions_id
86 schema:value pub.1053626638
87 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
88 N2a6ca5e1de154cd7972a7c483ed0ac7d rdf:first sg:person.01254665412.93
89 rdf:rest N8c6a9369554a4d35baa96fe739106ddd
90 N2a7ef7e206974d5e9e4033c0bd0f8bd4 schema:name doi
91 schema:value 10.1186/1475-2875-12-154
92 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
93 N302aff0b991b4852ae190953fecea7c8 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
94 schema:name Child
95 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
96 N31dbdc8b3e0e4f51b24ec96854610b05 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
97 rdf:type schema:Organization
98 N3267ff99b6114b0fb6bcbe555725b491 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
99 schema:name Pregnancy
100 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
101 N350e0889c6354545b378a328d02bbe26 schema:volumeNumber 12
102 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
103 N3a5b69c6843c4b6780821194e1d78c87 rdf:first sg:person.01011567632.41
104 rdf:rest N3e2f42440b3e4a5f9eefa8d5e2685800
105 N3b5179df6f1f449d9c6640ed43544327 rdf:first sg:person.01242221507.10
106 rdf:rest N52a29d30acda49fe98ab63bfcd3f54f4
107 N3d877282c9ea4b4382d917d0180fa0cb schema:issueNumber 1
108 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
109 N3e2f42440b3e4a5f9eefa8d5e2685800 rdf:first sg:person.01077330530.97
110 rdf:rest rdf:nil
111 N52a29d30acda49fe98ab63bfcd3f54f4 rdf:first sg:person.01277440126.69
112 rdf:rest N84cc17ffadfb4e5ab0b9b8adafc5c878
113 N5e253292852745399ce24a46ec5924af schema:name readcube_id
114 schema:value ff6e168af2bfe0ba3e3068d6d2f42fa382d6cddc84ae2bd584eee2ae37953e31
115 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
116 N5eb97aca1de34eecb2d7a04301dfd95d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
117 schema:name Adolescent
118 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
119 N71c80189ba9e4884a926c42b90977641 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
120 schema:name Insecticide-Treated Bednets
121 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
122 N84cc17ffadfb4e5ab0b9b8adafc5c878 rdf:first sg:person.01354115060.33
123 rdf:rest N8d04cb15672f47728963ef4b6884cb66
124 N8c6a9369554a4d35baa96fe739106ddd rdf:first sg:person.01305023004.25
125 rdf:rest N218075a0e0394155849e22c50753aa35
126 N8d04cb15672f47728963ef4b6884cb66 rdf:first sg:person.01164250461.12
127 rdf:rest N3a5b69c6843c4b6780821194e1d78c87
128 Na05cd8c58cbb4d9ebc58462ae24d2409 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
129 schema:name Malaria, Falciparum
130 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
131 Nb3aa3a13eec74a7bacf96261889f9d9a schema:name MCDI, Malabo Office, Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea
132 rdf:type schema:Organization
133 Nb8655a9b175b443f8a16271a6e799439 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
134 schema:name Equatorial Guinea
135 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
136 Ncef9f3a526fd404d83d55d6c5eaa9c90 schema:name MCDI, Malabo Office, Bioko Island, Equatorial Guinea
137 rdf:type schema:Organization
138 Ncf763baf69324af0a0ca6172842276d2 rdf:first sg:person.0714126352.61
139 rdf:rest N3b5179df6f1f449d9c6640ed43544327
140 Nd0aa6a94b513453ca17425a590c77795 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
141 schema:name Prevalence
142 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
143 Nd1311c6b57534cecb29d858ea877f66b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
144 schema:name Humans
145 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
146 Ne2302ce66d25469e8d20dcd9ffca3ac1 schema:name pubmed_id
147 schema:value 23651490
148 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
149 Ne546481ea03b4535923483801ddf037a schema:name nlm_unique_id
150 schema:value 101139802
151 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
152 Ne84810640c6f4528bea8a49c19b1c935 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
153 schema:name Mosquito Control
154 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
155 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
156 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
157 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
158 anzsrc-for:1117 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
159 schema:name Public Health and Health Services
160 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
161 sg:grant.3498121 http://pending.schema.org/fundedItem sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-12-154
162 rdf:type schema:MonetaryGrant
163 sg:journal.1030597 schema:issn 1475-2875
164 schema:name Malaria Journal
165 rdf:type schema:Periodical
166 sg:person.01011567632.41 schema:affiliation N25423a2489444a5a8c3d676c8dc93130
167 schema:familyName Nseng Nchama
168 schema:givenName Gloria
169 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01011567632.41
170 rdf:type schema:Person
171 sg:person.01077330530.97 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8991.9
172 schema:familyName Kleinschmidt
173 schema:givenName Immo
174 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01077330530.97
175 rdf:type schema:Person
176 sg:person.01164250461.12 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.47100.32
177 schema:familyName Caccone
178 schema:givenName Adalgisa
179 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01164250461.12
180 rdf:type schema:Person
181 sg:person.01242221507.10 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264756.4
182 schema:familyName Slotman
183 schema:givenName Michel A
184 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01242221507.10
185 rdf:type schema:Person
186 sg:person.01254665412.93 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8991.9
187 schema:familyName Rehman
188 schema:givenName Andrea M
189 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01254665412.93
190 rdf:type schema:Person
191 sg:person.01277440126.69 schema:affiliation Nb3aa3a13eec74a7bacf96261889f9d9a
192 schema:familyName Yellott
193 schema:givenName Lee
194 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01277440126.69
195 rdf:type schema:Person
196 sg:person.01305023004.25 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8991.9
197 schema:familyName Mann
198 schema:givenName Andrea G
199 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01305023004.25
200 rdf:type schema:Person
201 sg:person.01354115060.33 schema:affiliation Ncef9f3a526fd404d83d55d6c5eaa9c90
202 schema:familyName Matias
203 schema:givenName Abrahan
204 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01354115060.33
205 rdf:type schema:Person
206 sg:person.016551130737.69 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.429272.8
207 schema:familyName Schwabe
208 schema:givenName Christopher
209 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016551130737.69
210 rdf:type schema:Person
211 sg:person.0632103430.49 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.47100.32
212 schema:familyName Reddy
213 schema:givenName Michael R
214 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0632103430.49
215 rdf:type schema:Person
216 sg:person.0714126352.61 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.429272.8
217 schema:familyName Roncon Gomes
218 schema:givenName Irina
219 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0714126352.61
220 rdf:type schema:Person
221 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-10-378 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036893759
222 https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-10-378
223 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
224 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-11-242 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008339444
225 https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-11-242
226 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
227 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-5-21 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016283590
228 https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-5-21
229 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
230 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-6-111 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028650172
231 https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-6-111
232 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
233 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-7-194 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037237579
234 https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-7-194
235 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
236 sg:pub.10.1186/1475-2875-9-299 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002322498
237 https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2875-9-299
238 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
239 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077584380 schema:CreativeWork
240 https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd000363.pub2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045995413
241 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
242 https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd006657 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028653391
243 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
244 https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd006657.pub2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051921852
245 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
246 https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyp363 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017210359
247 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
248 https://doi.org/10.1093/jmedent/30.3.622 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1059809528
249 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
250 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2008.02010.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003455318
251 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
252 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pgen.1003097 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022571828
253 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
254 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1001142 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010487376
255 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
256 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0019205 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019517333
257 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
258 https://doi.org/10.4061/2010/190434 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050406451
259 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
260 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.12-0467 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015791073
261 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
262 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2002.66.503 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1075114947
263 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
264 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2009.80.882 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077906173
265 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
266 https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2009.81.519 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077949157
267 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
268 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.264756.4 schema:alternateName Texas A&M University
269 schema:name Department of Entomology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA
270 rdf:type schema:Organization
271 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.429272.8 schema:alternateName Medical Care Development International
272 schema:name Medical Care Development International (MCDI), New Hampshire Office, 104 Bradford Road, 03431, Keene, New Hampshire, USA
273 rdf:type schema:Organization
274 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.47100.32 schema:alternateName Yale University
275 schema:name Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
276 rdf:type schema:Organization
277 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.8991.9 schema:alternateName London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
278 schema:name MRC Tropical Epidemiology Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, WC1E 7HT, London, UK
279 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...