Wheelchair interventions, services and provision for disabled children: a mixed-method systematic review and conceptual framework View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2014-07-17

AUTHORS

Nathan Bray, Jane Noyes, Rhiannon T Edwards, Nigel Harris

ABSTRACT

BackgroundWheelchairs for disabled children (≤18 years) can provide health, developmental and social benefits. World Health Organisation and United Kingdom Government reports demonstrate the need for improved access to wheelchairs both locally and internationally. The use of health economics within this field is lacking. Provision of wheelchairs based on cost-effectiveness evidence is not currently possible. We conducted the first systematic review in this field to incorporate evidence of effectiveness, service user perspectives, policy intentions and cost-effectiveness in order to develop a conceptual framework to inform future research and service development.MethodsWe used an adapted EPPI-Centre mixed-method systematic review design with narrative summary, thematic and narrative synthesis. 11 databases were searched. Studies were appraised for quality using one of seven appropriate tools. A conceptual framework was developed from synthesised evidence.Results22 studies and 14 policies/guidelines were included. Powered wheelchairs appear to offer benefits in reduced need for caregiver assistance; improved communicative, personal-social and cognitive development; and improved mobility function and independent movement. From 14 months of age children can learn some degree of powered wheelchair driving competence. However, effectiveness evidence was limited and low quality. Children and parents placed emphasis on improving social skill and independence. Participation in wider society and development of meaningful relationships were key desired outcomes. Policy intentions and aspirations are in line with the perspectives of children and parents, although translation of policy recommendations into practice is lacking.ConclusionsThere is a distinct lack of high quality effectiveness and economic evidence in this field. Social and health needs should be seen as equally important when assessing the mobility needs of disabled children. Disabled children and parents placed highest priority on independence and psychosocial outcomes of wheelchair interventions. Translation of policy and guidelines into practice is lacking and more effective implementation strategies are required to improve services and outcomes. Future research should focus on outcome measure development, developing economic evaluation tools and incorporating these into high quality studies to address known research gaps. The novel conceptual framework maps current gaps in evidence and outlines areas for development. More... »

PAGES

309

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1472-6963-14-309

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-14-309

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018129827

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25034517


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