Implant based differences in adverse local tissue reaction in failed total hip arthroplasties: a morphological and immunohistochemical study View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2014-09-05

AUTHORS

Giorgio Perino, Benjamin F Ricciardi, Seth A Jerabek, Guido Martignoni, Gabrielle Wilner, Dan Maass, Steven R Goldring, P Edward Purdue

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Adverse local tissue reaction (ALTR) is characterized by periprosthetic soft tissue inflammation composed of a mixed inflammatory cell infiltrate, extensive soft tissue necrosis, and vascular changes. Multiple hip implant classes have been reported to result in ALTR, and clinical differences may represent variation in the soft tissue response at the cellular and tissue levels. The purpose of this study was to describe similarities and differences in periprosthetic tissue structure, organization, and cellular composition by conventional histology and immunohistochemistry in ALTR resulting from two common total hip arthroplasty (THA) implant classes. METHODS: Consecutive patients presenting with ALTR from two major hip implant classes (N = 54 patients with Dual-Modular Neck implant; N = 14 patients with Metal-on-Metal implant) were identified from our prospective Osteolysis Tissue Database and Repository. Clinical characteristics including age, sex, BMI, length of implantation, and serum metal ion levels were recorded. Retrieved synovial tissue morphology was graded using light microscopy and cellular composition was assessed using immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Length of implantation was shorter in the DMN group versus MoM THA group (21.3 [8.4] months versus 43.6 [13.8] months respectively; p < 0.005) suggesting differences in implant performance. Morphologic examination revealed a common spectrum of neo-synovial proliferation and necrosis in both groups. Macrophages were more commonly present in diffuse sheets (Grade 3) in the MoM relative to DMN group (p = 0.016). Perivascular lymphocytes with germinal centers (Grade 4) were more common in the DMN group, which trended towards significance (p = 0.066). Qualitative differences in corrosion product morphology were seen between the two groups. Immunohistochemistry showed features of a CD4 and GATA-3 rich lymphocyte reaction in both implants, with increased ratios of perivascular T-cell relative to B-cell markers in the DMN relative to the MoM group (p = 0.032). CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that both implant classes display common features of neo-synovial proliferation and necrosis with a CD4 and GATA-3 rich inflammatory infiltrate. Qualitative differences in corrosion product appearance, macrophage morphology, and lymphocyte distributions were seen between the two implant types. Our data suggests that ALTR represents a histological spectrum with implant-based features. More... »

PAGES

39-39

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Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1472-6890-14-39

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6890-14-39

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009302962

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25242891


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