Periodontal conditions, oral Candida albicans and salivary proteins in type 2 diabetic subjects with emphasis on gender View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2009-05-12

AUTHORS

Fawad Javed, Lena Klingspor, Ulf Sundin, Mohammad Altamash, Björn Klinge, Per-Erik Engström

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThe association between periodontal conditions, oral yeast colonisation and salivary proteins in subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2D) is not yet documented. The present study aimed to assess the relationship between these variables in type 2 diabetic subjects with reference to gender.MethodsFifty-eight type 2 diabetic subjects (23 males and 35 females) with random blood glucose level ≥ 11.1 mmol/L were investigated. Periodontal conditions (plaque index [PI], bleeding on probing [BOP], probing pocket depth [PD] (4 to 6 mm and ≥ 6 mm), oral yeasts, salivary immunoglobulin (Ig) A, IgG and total protein concentrations, and number of present teeth were determined.ResultsPeriodontal conditions (PI [p < 0.00001], BOP [p < 0.01] and PD of 4 to 6 mm [p < 0.001], salivary IgG (μg)/mg protein (p < 0.001) and salivary total protein concentrations (p < 0.05) were higher in type 2 diabetic females with Candida albicans (C. albicans) colonisation compared to males in the same group. Type 2 diabetic females with C. albicans colonisation had more teeth compared to males in the same group (p < 0.0001).ConclusionClinical and salivary parameters of periodontal inflammation (BOP and IgG (μg)/mg protein) were higher in type 2 diabetic females with oral C. albicans colonisation compared to males in the same group. Further studies are warranted to evaluate the association of gender with these variables in subjects with T2D. More... »

PAGES

12

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1472-6831-9-12

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6831-9-12

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008479815

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19435501


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