Lifestyle factors and multimorbidity: a cross sectional study View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2014-12

AUTHORS

Martin Fortin, Jeannie Haggerty, José Almirall, Tarek Bouhali, Maxime Sasseville, Martin Lemieux

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Lifestyle factors have been associated mostly with individual chronic diseases. We investigated the relationship between lifestyle factors (individual and combined) and the co-occurrence of multiple chronic diseases. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of results from the Program of Research on the Evolution of a Cohort Investigating Health System Effects (PRECISE) in Quebec, Canada. Subjects aged 45 years and older. A randomly-selected cohort in the general population recruited by telephone. Multimorbidity (3 or more chronic diseases) was measured by a simple count of self-reported chronic diseases from a list of 14. Five lifestyle factors (LFs) were evaluated: 1) smoking habit, 2) alcohol consumption, 3) fruit and vegetable consumption, 4) physical activity, and 5) body mass index (BMI). Each LF was given a score of 1 (unhealthy) if recommended behavioural targets were not achieved and 0 otherwise. The combined effect of unhealthy LFs (ULFs) was evaluated using the total sum of scores. RESULTS: A total of 1,196 subjects were analyzed. Mean number of ULFs was 2.6 ± 1.1 SD. When ULFs were considered separately, there was an increased likelihood of multimorbidity with low or high BMI [Odd ratio (95% Confidence Interval): men, 1.96 (1.11-3.46); women, 2.57 (1.65-4.00)], and present or past smoker [men, 3.16 (1.74-5.73)]. When combined, in men, 4-5 ULFs increased the likelihood of multimorbidity [5.23 (1.70-16.1)]; in women, starting from a threshold of 2 ULFs [1.95 (1.05-3.62)], accumulating more ULFs progressively increased the likelihood of multimorbidity. CONCLUSIONS: The present study provides support to the association of lifestyle factors and multimorbidity. More... »

PAGES

686

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2458-14-686

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-686

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038885042

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24996220


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curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2458-14-686'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2458-14-686'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2458-14-686'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

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