Active pulmonary tuberculosis and latent tuberculosis infection among homeless people in Seoul, South Korea: a cross-sectional study View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2013-08-05

AUTHORS

Chang-Hoon Lee, Yun-Jeong Jeong, Eun Young Heo, Jong Sun Park, Ji Sun Lee, Byoung Jun Lee, Young Sik Park, Eun Hee Song, Yun Jung Yang, Young Soo Cho, En-hi Cho, Kyoung-in Na, Eun-Jeong Oh, Jin-beom Lee, Soo-Yeon Oh, HeeJin Kim, Chang Min Park, Jae-Joon Yim

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThe aim of this study was to determine the prevalence rate of latent TB infection (LTBI) and active TB among homeless in Seoul metropolitan city, South Korea, and to compare the TB burden among homeless people with that of a control group.MethodsThe homeless participants were recruited from five sites between October 30, 2009 and April 12, 2010. LTBI was diagnosed through the QuantiFERON(R) TB Gold In-Tube(QFT-GIT) assay and a tuberculin skin test(TST) and, and active PTB was diagnosed based on chest radiography.ResultsAmong 313 participants, the prevalence of LTBI was 75.9% (95% CI, 71.1-80.8%) and 79.8% (95% CI, 74.9-84.7%) based on a QFT-GIT assay and the TST, respectively, and that of active PTB was 5.8% (95% CI, 3.2-8.3%). The prevalence of LTBI among homeless participants was about five times higher than controls. Also, the age-specific prevalence rate ratio of active PTB was as high as 24.86.ConclusionsThe prevalence rate of LTBI as well as active PTB among homeless people was much higher than that of the general population in South Korea. Thus, adequate strategies to reduce the TB burden among homeless people are needed. More... »

PAGES

720

Journal

TITLE

BMC Public Health

ISSUE

1

VOLUME

13

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2458-13-720

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-720

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009382630

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23914947


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23 schema:description BackgroundThe aim of this study was to determine the prevalence rate of latent TB infection (LTBI) and active TB among homeless in Seoul metropolitan city, South Korea, and to compare the TB burden among homeless people with that of a control group.MethodsThe homeless participants were recruited from five sites between October 30, 2009 and April 12, 2010. LTBI was diagnosed through the QuantiFERON(R) TB Gold In-Tube(QFT-GIT) assay and a tuberculin skin test(TST) and, and active PTB was diagnosed based on chest radiography.ResultsAmong 313 participants, the prevalence of LTBI was 75.9% (95% CI, 71.1-80.8%) and 79.8% (95% CI, 74.9-84.7%) based on a QFT-GIT assay and the TST, respectively, and that of active PTB was 5.8% (95% CI, 3.2-8.3%). The prevalence of LTBI among homeless participants was about five times higher than controls. Also, the age-specific prevalence rate ratio of active PTB was as high as 24.86.ConclusionsThe prevalence rate of LTBI as well as active PTB among homeless people was much higher than that of the general population in South Korea. Thus, adequate strategies to reduce the TB burden among homeless people are needed.
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32 Seoul
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34 South Korea
35 TB
36 TB Gold
37 TB burden
38 TB infection
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42 active pulmonary tuberculosis
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47 chest radiography
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49 control
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57 infection
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60 metropolitan city
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66 prevalence rate ratios
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71 rate ratio
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