Tobacco use patterns in tuberculosis patients with high rates of human immunodeficiency virus co-infection in South Africa View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2013-12

AUTHORS

Goedele MC Louwagie, Olalekan A Ayo-Yusuf

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) patients who smoke tobacco are at an increased risk for adverse TB treatment outcomes. This study describes tobacco use patterns among newly diagnosed TB patients, their readiness to quit, and their beliefs about tobacco-related health effects in a high HIV-burden setting in South Africa. Socio-economic and demographic factors associated with smoking were also determined. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data collected for a smoking cessation study at six large tuberculosis clinics in a South African township (N = 1926). We collected information on current and past tobacco use, socio-economic and demographic status, beliefs regarding the harmful effects of smoking and quit behaviour, and motivation, using structured interviewer-administered questionnaires. TB- and HIV-related information was obtained from patient records. Data analysis entailed descriptive statistics, followed by multivariate logistic regression with backward elimination, adjusted for clustering by facility. RESULTS: Just over one fifth of respondents (21.8%, 420/1924) reported currently smoking tobacco (males 37.6%, females 4.6%). By contrast, only 1.8% (35/1918) of all respondents reported being past smokers. Of the current smokers, about half (51.8%, 211/407) had previously attempted to quit, mainly for health reasons. The majority of respondents (89.3%, 1675/1875) believed tobacco smoking was harmful for their health and smokers were highly motivated to quit (median score 9, interquartile range 7-10). Smoking was less common among female respondents (Odds Ratio [OR] 0.10, 95% Confidence Interval [CI] 0.06-0.19) and respondents who had completed high school (OR 0.57, 95% CI 0.39-0.84), but was more common among respondents who do occasional work (OR 2.82, 95% CI 1.58-5.02), respondents who to bed hungry regularly (OR 4.19, 95% CI 2.42-7.25), those who have an alcohol problem (OR 5.79, 95% CI 3.24-10.34) and those who use illicit substances (OR 10.81, 95% CI 4.62-25.3). CONCLUSIONS: Despite documented evidence of its harmful effects, smoking is prevalent among male TB patients in this high HIV-prevalence population. Few patients have managed to quit smoking on their own. However, patients are highly motivated to stop smoking. We recommend implementing and evaluating a smoking cessation programme in tandem with TB services. More... »

PAGES

1031

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2458-13-1031

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-1031

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046839523

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24172187


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1117", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Public Health and Health Services", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Adolescent", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Adult", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Coinfection", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Cross-Sectional Studies", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Female", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "HIV Infections", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Male", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Middle Aged", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Prevalence", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Risk Factors", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Smoking", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Smoking Cessation", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Socioeconomic Factors", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "South Africa", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Surveys and Questionnaires", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Tuberculosis, Pulmonary", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Young Adult", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Pretoria", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.49697.35", 
          "name": [
            "School of Health Systems and Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X 323, 0001, Pretoria, South Africa"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Louwagie", 
        "givenName": "Goedele MC", 
        "id": "sg:person.01244001520.28", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01244001520.28"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Pretoria", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.49697.35", 
          "name": [
            "School of Health Systems and Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X 323, 0001, Pretoria, South Africa", 
            "Department of Community Dentistry, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Ayo-Yusuf", 
        "givenName": "Olalekan A", 
        "id": "sg:person.0776334666.08", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0776334666.08"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.5588/ijtld.12.0426", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003081561"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4614-1353-0_10", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007955517", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-1353-0_10"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.200404-512oc", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010775232"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agm019", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011010101"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.00137710", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012475195"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.0040020", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015152208"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2296-11-94", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018186697", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2296-11-94"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1984.03350140051025", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019752360"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0306-4603(02)00264-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030852844"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-9-292", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032039025", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-9-292"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1617-9625-8-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036347690", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1617-9625-8-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph9093245", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037129140"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.5588/ijtld.10.0437", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040554173"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006x.56.4.520", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042842838"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2011.10.007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043955205"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1001/archinte.167.4.335", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045235904"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0306-4603(90)90070-e", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051503686"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.00072909", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052075798"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.252.14.1905", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054144550"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00043798-200206000-00005", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060302061"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00043798-200206000-00005", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060302061"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00043798-200206000-00005", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060302061"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1010539510373023", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063918027"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/1010539510373023", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063918027"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.94.2.186", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068879457"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.7196/samj.3842", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1073643736"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-158-9-201305070-00006", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1073713608"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074547082", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076990184", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077048485", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.25011/cim.v30i1.447", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077467874"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077501077", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078044903", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078339003", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2013-12", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2013-12-01", 
    "description": "BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) patients who smoke tobacco are at an increased risk for adverse TB treatment outcomes. This study describes tobacco use patterns among newly diagnosed TB patients, their readiness to quit, and their beliefs about tobacco-related health effects in a high HIV-burden setting in South Africa. Socio-economic and demographic factors associated with smoking were also determined.\nMETHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data collected for a smoking cessation study at six large tuberculosis clinics in a South African township (N = 1926). We collected information on current and past tobacco use, socio-economic and demographic status, beliefs regarding the harmful effects of smoking and quit behaviour, and motivation, using structured interviewer-administered questionnaires. TB- and HIV-related information was obtained from patient records. Data analysis entailed descriptive statistics, followed by multivariate logistic regression with backward elimination, adjusted for clustering by facility.\nRESULTS: Just over one fifth of respondents (21.8%, 420/1924) reported currently smoking tobacco (males 37.6%, females 4.6%). By contrast, only 1.8% (35/1918) of all respondents reported being past smokers. Of the current smokers, about half (51.8%, 211/407) had previously attempted to quit, mainly for health reasons. The majority of respondents (89.3%, 1675/1875) believed tobacco smoking was harmful for their health and smokers were highly motivated to quit (median score 9, interquartile range 7-10). Smoking was less common among female respondents (Odds Ratio [OR] 0.10, 95% Confidence Interval [CI] 0.06-0.19) and respondents who had completed high school (OR 0.57, 95% CI 0.39-0.84), but was more common among respondents who do occasional work (OR 2.82, 95% CI 1.58-5.02), respondents who to bed hungry regularly (OR 4.19, 95% CI 2.42-7.25), those who have an alcohol problem (OR 5.79, 95% CI 3.24-10.34) and those who use illicit substances (OR 10.81, 95% CI 4.62-25.3).\nCONCLUSIONS: Despite documented evidence of its harmful effects, smoking is prevalent among male TB patients in this high HIV-prevalence population. Few patients have managed to quit smoking on their own. However, patients are highly motivated to stop smoking. We recommend implementing and evaluating a smoking cessation programme in tandem with TB services.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-13-1031", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1024954", 
        "issn": [
          "1471-2458"
        ], 
        "name": "BMC Public Health", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "13"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Tobacco use patterns in tuberculosis patients with high rates of human immunodeficiency virus co-infection in South Africa", 
    "pagination": "1031", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "df203611d2f7ebfa0a583ea7caa84847bd0963feaa4365acf8095f362ebe3bff"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "24172187"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "100968562"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1186/1471-2458-13-1031"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1046839523"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-1031", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046839523"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T16:43", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8669_00000515.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1186%2F1471-2458-13-1031"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2458-13-1031'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2458-13-1031'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2458-13-1031'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2458-13-1031'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

239 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      78 URIs      39 LITERALS      27 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-13-1031 schema:about N083f652790e04c8cadef7d16298c535d
2 N0adce9e7bd2641ed8087d020dd6f7aad
3 N1d2e7df7d62c40bfadb6655edb3c67b8
4 N2afb9663e14644159086f0f3cdbe7cef
5 N2b2a696a2fed4b7bb007a27687f9d649
6 N3fd711d0387f40b7990e414ed66242b1
7 N40e756e558144200a5a01472a7b496b8
8 N829f688834a846c382e60a7359ae8241
9 N96fbf33ff2f44c91b304d610e7ee4b5e
10 Na842dfca2c444189b63aac26c28f18e6
11 Nb6a389aab75c4225bb580f307c11eeba
12 Nb99c7aed00454d12bc59ccb0354010bb
13 Nbb9817df57a64be496ec7ecbb0f21ccb
14 Nc4898c7d50fc4dd18e675a62ddb3cdd9
15 Ne1a5b0d0f0964ac59794877c77ff87b5
16 Ne60360d306cc4f05805597ad0f5b2e5e
17 Nf10ec405c71240a7b5cc160716b3d548
18 Nf58a9043dc564858beba2cf08795db5f
19 anzsrc-for:11
20 anzsrc-for:1117
21 schema:author N0770b30e171d42908acca85ff99f272c
22 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4614-1353-0_10
23 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2296-11-94
24 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-9-292
25 sg:pub.10.1186/1617-9625-8-3
26 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074547082
27 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076990184
28 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077048485
29 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077501077
30 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078044903
31 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078339003
32 https://doi.org/10.1001/archinte.167.4.335
33 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1984.03350140051025
34 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.252.14.1905
35 https://doi.org/10.1016/0306-4603(90)90070-e
36 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2011.10.007
37 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0306-4603(02)00264-2
38 https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006x.56.4.520
39 https://doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agm019
40 https://doi.org/10.1097/00043798-200206000-00005
41 https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.200404-512oc
42 https://doi.org/10.1177/1010539510373023
43 https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.00072909
44 https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.00137710
45 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.0040020
46 https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.94.2.186
47 https://doi.org/10.25011/cim.v30i1.447
48 https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph9093245
49 https://doi.org/10.5588/ijtld.10.0437
50 https://doi.org/10.5588/ijtld.12.0426
51 https://doi.org/10.7196/samj.3842
52 https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-158-9-201305070-00006
53 schema:datePublished 2013-12
54 schema:datePublishedReg 2013-12-01
55 schema:description BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) patients who smoke tobacco are at an increased risk for adverse TB treatment outcomes. This study describes tobacco use patterns among newly diagnosed TB patients, their readiness to quit, and their beliefs about tobacco-related health effects in a high HIV-burden setting in South Africa. Socio-economic and demographic factors associated with smoking were also determined. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data collected for a smoking cessation study at six large tuberculosis clinics in a South African township (N = 1926). We collected information on current and past tobacco use, socio-economic and demographic status, beliefs regarding the harmful effects of smoking and quit behaviour, and motivation, using structured interviewer-administered questionnaires. TB- and HIV-related information was obtained from patient records. Data analysis entailed descriptive statistics, followed by multivariate logistic regression with backward elimination, adjusted for clustering by facility. RESULTS: Just over one fifth of respondents (21.8%, 420/1924) reported currently smoking tobacco (males 37.6%, females 4.6%). By contrast, only 1.8% (35/1918) of all respondents reported being past smokers. Of the current smokers, about half (51.8%, 211/407) had previously attempted to quit, mainly for health reasons. The majority of respondents (89.3%, 1675/1875) believed tobacco smoking was harmful for their health and smokers were highly motivated to quit (median score 9, interquartile range 7-10). Smoking was less common among female respondents (Odds Ratio [OR] 0.10, 95% Confidence Interval [CI] 0.06-0.19) and respondents who had completed high school (OR 0.57, 95% CI 0.39-0.84), but was more common among respondents who do occasional work (OR 2.82, 95% CI 1.58-5.02), respondents who to bed hungry regularly (OR 4.19, 95% CI 2.42-7.25), those who have an alcohol problem (OR 5.79, 95% CI 3.24-10.34) and those who use illicit substances (OR 10.81, 95% CI 4.62-25.3). CONCLUSIONS: Despite documented evidence of its harmful effects, smoking is prevalent among male TB patients in this high HIV-prevalence population. Few patients have managed to quit smoking on their own. However, patients are highly motivated to stop smoking. We recommend implementing and evaluating a smoking cessation programme in tandem with TB services.
56 schema:genre research_article
57 schema:inLanguage en
58 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
59 schema:isPartOf N2cd68a869c3248f3b74692b86d69c65e
60 Nd7f812b2912747eaa14d259e5aff9aa7
61 sg:journal.1024954
62 schema:name Tobacco use patterns in tuberculosis patients with high rates of human immunodeficiency virus co-infection in South Africa
63 schema:pagination 1031
64 schema:productId N197c1d56d23344e9891f011b5e7a61ac
65 N462487ca914742219c8374ff8528fbc7
66 N64650544f5234ba48486660e5a70ec63
67 Na15fafa7a0254af09b61df4622b0e396
68 Nff8ea5523e9840d1a6797287c6cca382
69 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046839523
70 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-1031
71 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T16:43
72 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
73 schema:sdPublisher Nb429b9e2144243349b25fc2a19e8fe31
74 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1186%2F1471-2458-13-1031
75 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
76 sgo:sdDataset articles
77 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
78 N0770b30e171d42908acca85ff99f272c rdf:first sg:person.01244001520.28
79 rdf:rest Ne89d2695b1f1465e96f7a21d52af7b11
80 N083f652790e04c8cadef7d16298c535d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
81 schema:name Middle Aged
82 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
83 N0adce9e7bd2641ed8087d020dd6f7aad schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
84 schema:name Smoking Cessation
85 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
86 N197c1d56d23344e9891f011b5e7a61ac schema:name dimensions_id
87 schema:value pub.1046839523
88 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
89 N1d2e7df7d62c40bfadb6655edb3c67b8 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
90 schema:name Humans
91 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
92 N2afb9663e14644159086f0f3cdbe7cef schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
93 schema:name Risk Factors
94 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
95 N2b2a696a2fed4b7bb007a27687f9d649 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
96 schema:name Prevalence
97 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
98 N2cd68a869c3248f3b74692b86d69c65e schema:volumeNumber 13
99 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
100 N3fd711d0387f40b7990e414ed66242b1 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
101 schema:name Tuberculosis, Pulmonary
102 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
103 N40e756e558144200a5a01472a7b496b8 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
104 schema:name Adolescent
105 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
106 N462487ca914742219c8374ff8528fbc7 schema:name doi
107 schema:value 10.1186/1471-2458-13-1031
108 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
109 N64650544f5234ba48486660e5a70ec63 schema:name nlm_unique_id
110 schema:value 100968562
111 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
112 N829f688834a846c382e60a7359ae8241 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
113 schema:name Male
114 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
115 N96fbf33ff2f44c91b304d610e7ee4b5e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
116 schema:name Female
117 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
118 Na15fafa7a0254af09b61df4622b0e396 schema:name readcube_id
119 schema:value df203611d2f7ebfa0a583ea7caa84847bd0963feaa4365acf8095f362ebe3bff
120 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
121 Na842dfca2c444189b63aac26c28f18e6 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
122 schema:name Socioeconomic Factors
123 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
124 Nb429b9e2144243349b25fc2a19e8fe31 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
125 rdf:type schema:Organization
126 Nb6a389aab75c4225bb580f307c11eeba schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
127 schema:name Coinfection
128 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
129 Nb99c7aed00454d12bc59ccb0354010bb schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
130 schema:name HIV Infections
131 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
132 Nbb9817df57a64be496ec7ecbb0f21ccb schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
133 schema:name South Africa
134 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
135 Nc4898c7d50fc4dd18e675a62ddb3cdd9 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
136 schema:name Cross-Sectional Studies
137 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
138 Nd7f812b2912747eaa14d259e5aff9aa7 schema:issueNumber 1
139 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
140 Ne1a5b0d0f0964ac59794877c77ff87b5 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
141 schema:name Smoking
142 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
143 Ne60360d306cc4f05805597ad0f5b2e5e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
144 schema:name Young Adult
145 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
146 Ne89d2695b1f1465e96f7a21d52af7b11 rdf:first sg:person.0776334666.08
147 rdf:rest rdf:nil
148 Nf10ec405c71240a7b5cc160716b3d548 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
149 schema:name Surveys and Questionnaires
150 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
151 Nf58a9043dc564858beba2cf08795db5f schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
152 schema:name Adult
153 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
154 Nff8ea5523e9840d1a6797287c6cca382 schema:name pubmed_id
155 schema:value 24172187
156 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
157 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
158 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
159 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
160 anzsrc-for:1117 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
161 schema:name Public Health and Health Services
162 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
163 sg:journal.1024954 schema:issn 1471-2458
164 schema:name BMC Public Health
165 rdf:type schema:Periodical
166 sg:person.01244001520.28 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.49697.35
167 schema:familyName Louwagie
168 schema:givenName Goedele MC
169 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01244001520.28
170 rdf:type schema:Person
171 sg:person.0776334666.08 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.49697.35
172 schema:familyName Ayo-Yusuf
173 schema:givenName Olalekan A
174 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0776334666.08
175 rdf:type schema:Person
176 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4614-1353-0_10 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007955517
177 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-1353-0_10
178 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
179 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2296-11-94 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018186697
180 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2296-11-94
181 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
182 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2458-9-292 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032039025
183 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-9-292
184 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
185 sg:pub.10.1186/1617-9625-8-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036347690
186 https://doi.org/10.1186/1617-9625-8-3
187 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
188 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074547082 schema:CreativeWork
189 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1076990184 schema:CreativeWork
190 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077048485 schema:CreativeWork
191 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077501077 schema:CreativeWork
192 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078044903 schema:CreativeWork
193 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1078339003 schema:CreativeWork
194 https://doi.org/10.1001/archinte.167.4.335 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045235904
195 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
196 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1984.03350140051025 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019752360
197 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
198 https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.252.14.1905 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054144550
199 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
200 https://doi.org/10.1016/0306-4603(90)90070-e schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051503686
201 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
202 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2011.10.007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043955205
203 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
204 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0306-4603(02)00264-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030852844
205 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
206 https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-006x.56.4.520 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042842838
207 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
208 https://doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agm019 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011010101
209 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
210 https://doi.org/10.1097/00043798-200206000-00005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060302061
211 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
212 https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.200404-512oc schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010775232
213 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
214 https://doi.org/10.1177/1010539510373023 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063918027
215 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
216 https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.00072909 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052075798
217 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
218 https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.00137710 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012475195
219 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
220 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.0040020 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015152208
221 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
222 https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.94.2.186 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068879457
223 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
224 https://doi.org/10.25011/cim.v30i1.447 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077467874
225 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
226 https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph9093245 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037129140
227 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
228 https://doi.org/10.5588/ijtld.10.0437 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040554173
229 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
230 https://doi.org/10.5588/ijtld.12.0426 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003081561
231 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
232 https://doi.org/10.7196/samj.3842 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1073643736
233 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
234 https://doi.org/10.7326/0003-4819-158-9-201305070-00006 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1073713608
235 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
236 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.49697.35 schema:alternateName University of Pretoria
237 schema:name Department of Community Dentistry, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
238 School of Health Systems and Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X 323, 0001, Pretoria, South Africa
239 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...