Vitamin A deficiency during pregnancy of HIV infected and non-infected women in tropical settings of Northwest Ethiopia View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2011-12

AUTHORS

Andargachew Mulu, Afework Kassu, Kahsay Huruy, Birhanemeskel Tegene, Gashaw Yitayaw, Masayo Nakamori, Nguyen Van Nhien, Assegedech Bekele, Yared Wondimhun, Shigeru Yamamoto, Fusao Ota

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is known to be a major public health problem among women of reproductive age in South East Asia and Africa. In Ethiopia, there are no studies conducted on serum vitamin A status of HIV-infected pregnant women. Therefore, the present study was aimed at determining the level of serum vitamin A and VAD among pregnant women with and without HIV infection in tropical settings of Northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, blood samples were collected from 423 pregnant women and from 55 healthy volunteers who visited the University of Gondar Hospital. Serum concentration of vitamin A was measured by high performance liquid chromatography. RESULTS: After controlling for total serum protein, albumin and demographic variables, the mean ± SD serum vitamin A in HIV seropositive pregnant women (0.96 ± 0.42 μmol/L) was significantly lower than that in pregnant women without HIV infection (1.10 ± 0.45 μmol/L, P < 0.05). Likewise, the level of serum vitamin A in HIV seropositive non-pregnant women (0.74 ± 0.39) was significantly lower than that in HIV negative non-pregnant women (1.18 ± 0.59 μmol/L, P < 0.004). VAD (serum retinol < 0.7 μmol/L) was observed in 18.4% and 17.7% of HIV infected and uninfected pregnant women, respectively. Forty six percent of non-pregnant women with HIV infection had VAD while only 28% controls were deficient for vitamin A (P = 0.002). CONCLUSION: The present study shows that VAD is a major public health problem among pregnant women in the tropical settings of Northwest Ethiopia. Considering the possible implications of VAD during pregnancy, we recommend multivitamin (which has a lower level of vitamin A) supplementation in the care and management of pregnant women with or without HIV infection. More... »

PAGES

569

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2458-11-569

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-11-569

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007365759

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21762514


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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

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Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

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RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-2458-11-569'


 

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299 Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, P. O. Box 196, Gondar, Ethiopia
300 Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, P. O. Box 196, Gondar, Ethiopia
301 rdf:type schema:Organization
302 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9647.c schema:alternateName Leipzig University
303 schema:name Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, P. O. Box 196, Gondar, Ethiopia
304 Institute of Virology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Leipzig, Johannisallee 30, 04103, Leipzig, Germany
305 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




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