The associations between ADHD and asthma in Korean children View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2014-12

AUTHORS

Ho Jang Kwon, Mi Young Lee, Mina Ha, Seung Jin Yoo, Ki Chung Paik, Jong-Han Lim, June Sakong, Chul-Gab Lee, Dong-Muk Kang, Soo Jong Hong, Hwan Il Cho, Myung Ho Lim

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the most common neuropsychiatric disorder in school children, and childhood allergic disease by evaluating their respective prevalence. METHODS: Subjects were comprised of first and second grade students in twenty two elementary schools in a city in the Republic of Korea. The mode of measurement for ADHD was based on DSM-IV from clinical interviews conducted by child psychiatrists. Along with the diagnostic interviews, we also used the epidemiological questionnaires, Computerized Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder Diagnostic System, the abbreviated Conner's Parent Rating Scale (CPRS), and DuPaul's ADHD Rating Scales. Allergic conditions, such as asthma, have been separately evaluated based on the questionnaire items whose validity and reliability were proved by the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Children (ISAAC). All questionnaires were completed by the subjects' parents. RESULTS: The lifetime prevalence rate of asthma in ADHD patients was 36.6%, compared to a prevalence of 24.3% in control subjects. The lifetime prevalence rate of allergic rhinitis in ADHD patients was 59.0%, compared to a prevalence of 47.0% in control subjects. Statistically significant difference has been found between the two groups. In the logistic regression model of the ADHD and the control group, the relative risk of asthma was 1.60 times higher (confidence interval 1.301-1.964), the relative risk of allergic rhinitis was 1.38 times higher (confidence interval 1.124-1.681), which showed statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study suggest significant association between ADHD and childhood asthma and allergic rhinitis. Therefore, appropriate evaluation and treatment are needed for asthmatic children with attention-deficit symptoms, or allergic rhinitis with ADHD. Besides, further research is needed to determine the etiological approach towards ADHD, asthma, and allergic rhinitis. More... »

PAGES

70

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1186/1471-244x-14-70

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-244x-14-70

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021427670

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24606878


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    "description": "BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the most common neuropsychiatric disorder in school children, and childhood allergic disease by evaluating their respective prevalence.\nMETHODS: Subjects were comprised of first and second grade students in twenty two elementary schools in a city in the Republic of Korea. The mode of measurement for ADHD was based on DSM-IV from clinical interviews conducted by child psychiatrists. Along with the diagnostic interviews, we also used the epidemiological questionnaires, Computerized Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder Diagnostic System, the abbreviated Conner's Parent Rating Scale (CPRS), and DuPaul's ADHD Rating Scales. Allergic conditions, such as asthma, have been separately evaluated based on the questionnaire items whose validity and reliability were proved by the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Children (ISAAC). All questionnaires were completed by the subjects' parents.\nRESULTS: The lifetime prevalence rate of asthma in ADHD patients was 36.6%, compared to a prevalence of 24.3% in control subjects. The lifetime prevalence rate of allergic rhinitis in ADHD patients was 59.0%, compared to a prevalence of 47.0% in control subjects. Statistically significant difference has been found between the two groups. In the logistic regression model of the ADHD and the control group, the relative risk of asthma was 1.60 times higher (confidence interval 1.301-1.964), the relative risk of allergic rhinitis was 1.38 times higher (confidence interval 1.124-1.681), which showed statistical significance.\nCONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study suggest significant association between ADHD and childhood asthma and allergic rhinitis. Therefore, appropriate evaluation and treatment are needed for asthmatic children with attention-deficit symptoms, or allergic rhinitis with ADHD. Besides, further research is needed to determine the etiological approach towards ADHD, asthma, and allergic rhinitis.", 
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289 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.411982.7 schema:alternateName Dankook University
290 schema:name Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan, South Korea
291 Department of Psychology and Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Dankook University, 359 Manghyang Rho, 300-714, Cheonan, South Korea
292 Environmental Health Center, Dankook University Hospital, Cheonan, South Korea
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295 schema:name Environmental Health Center, Dankook University Hospital, Cheonan, South Korea
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297 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412091.f schema:alternateName Keimyung University
298 schema:name Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Keimyung University, Daegu, South Korea
299 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




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